China News Service, Shenyang, August 8 (Reporter Han Hong) The stage in the building complex of the Forbidden City West Road in Shenyang was built in the 46th to 48th year of Qianlong (1781-1783). the stage.

On August 8th, the "Extreme Style - Qing Palace Opera Culture Exhibition" was held in the stage playroom.

  Opera, which sprouted from Baixi in the Han Dynasty and song and dance drama in the Southern and Northern Dynasties, developed in the "Junjun Opera" in the Tang Dynasty, and in the Song and Yuan Dynasties, the creation and performance of Song Zaju, Yuan Zaju and Southern Opera flourished unprecedentedly.

In the early Qing Dynasty, the Manchu court aristocracy had already been exposed to the opera of the Ming Dynasty. After Beijing was established as the capital, the love and attention of the royal family promoted the development of the art of opera.

Since the reign of Emperor Kangxi, the Qing Palace has successively set up Nanfu and Shengping Office, which served as the undertaking and management agencies for court opera in the Qing Dynasty.

  The exhibition includes "The Endless Qin and Se - Chinese Opera", "Where the Gong Sounds - The Strange Stage", "The Opening and Closing of the Folding Fan - Freehand Brickwork", "The Rise and Fall of Luo Yi - Man Yun Costumes", "Ink Gap Searching for Chapters -" The five themes of "The Carving of the Playbook", through detailed pictures and texts and auxiliary exhibits such as Huang Jiao, Xiang Diao, Che Qi, Jinghu, Bangu, etc., introduce one of China's most ethnic art forms - the art of opera.

  According to Li Hui, curator of the Art Research Department of the Shenyang Palace Museum, in the Qing Dynasty, there were different scales and various types of stages built in the palace gardens. The love of drama.

The stage owned by the Shenyang Imperial Palace is a single-story courtyard-style Jiayintang stage, which was the place where the Qing emperor enjoyed the play during his eastern tour.

In the tenth year of Jiaqing (1805), during the eastern tour of Emperor Renzong of Qing Dynasty, he had a banquet and enjoyment of operas in Jiayintang. "Jiaqing East Tour Notes" records: "Its place is the same as the Rehe Grand Stage."

This exhibition introduces one of China's most ethnic art forms, opera, through pictures and texts and auxiliary exhibits such as Huang Jiao and Xiang Diao.

Photo by Han Hong

  In addition to introducing the origin of opera, the development of Qing Dynasty opera, and the scale and type of Qing Dynasty imperial theatre, this exhibition also introduces the specific details of Qing Palace opera.

Among them, the part of "Folding Fan Opening and Closing - Freehand Laying Mo" describes the traditional opera stage performance equipment and scenery -- Lai Mo, through pictures and texts and auxiliary exhibits.

The section "The Rise and Fall of Luo Yi - Man Yun Opera Costumes" explains the Qing palace opera costumes and Manchu characteristic costumes, and "Ink Gap Searching for Chapters - Opera Book Carving" briefly explains the Qing Dynasty palace performance scripts.

  This "Extremely Elegant - Qing Palace Opera Culture Exhibition" is a new permanent exhibition added by Shenyang Palace Museum on the basis of the location of the exhibition hall and its original functions in the Qing Dynasty.

In the exhibition, there are not only rich graphic display boards, but also various opera props provided by the Shenyang Peking Opera Theatre, allowing the audience to understand the opera culture in the palace through the exhibition, and feel the "Pear Garden Music" in the Shenyang Imperial Palace.