The pilgrims spend the Day of Tarwiyah in the Shaar of Mina, located 7 kilometers northeast of the Grand Mosque in Makkah, and return to it to spend the days of Tashreeq after completing the work of the Day of Sacrifice.

Pilgrimage

On the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, the pilgrims come to the Sha’ar of Mina in Makkah to spend the day of Tarwiyah as part of the rites of Hajj, before heading to stand at Mount Arafat, the greatest pillar of the pilgrimage.

It was called the day of perfusion because people used to drink water during it, and carry what they needed.

It is desirable to go to Mina before midday - i.e. before noon - so the pilgrims can pray Zuhr, Asr, Maghrib, Isha and Fajr in it shortening the four-way prayer without gathering, and it is desirable for the pilgrim to spend the night in Mina on the day of Tarwiyah.

The guests of the Most Merciful flock to the top of Mount Arafat, 12 kilometers from Mecca, to witness the great stand and spend the greatest pillar of the Hajj, and then depart at sunset to Muzdalifah.

The pilgrims return to Mina on the morning of the tenth day of Dhu al-Hijjah to stone Jamrat al-Aqabah (the nearest Jamarat to Mecca), sacrifice, and head to Mecca to perform the tawaaf al-ifaadah and then shave or shorten.

Those who are enjoying a pilgrimage to perform Umrah are deprived of their places, whether inside or outside Mecca, where the pilgrims remain there until after the sunrise of the ninth of Dhul-Hijjah, to go to stand in Arafat (the Great Stand), and then return to it after the “Nifrah” from Arafat and overnight in Muzdalifah to spend 10 days. And 11, 12 and 13 Dhu al -Hijjah), and throwing the three Jamarat, the anthrax of the Great Aqaba, the Central Jamr and the Minor Jamr, except for those who hurry, because God Almighty said, “And remember God in the days of the number of people, so whoever hurry up on one day, then no one. From verse 203).

Wadi Mina is located 7 kilometers northeast of the Grand Mosque between Makkah Al-Mukarramah and the Shaar of Muzdalifah (Reuters - Archive)

Location

Wadi Mina is located 7 kilometers northeast of the Grand Mosque, between Makkah and Muzdalifah. It is located within the boundaries of the Haram and is a valley surrounded by mountains on the northern and southern sides.

It is only inhabited during the period during which the pilgrims perform the rites of Hajj, and it borders it from the side of Makkah Al-Mukarramah, Jamrah Al-Aqaba, and from the side of Muzdalifah, Wadi Muhassar, and it is the largest area in Makkah Al-Mukarramah.

The area of ​​Mina with its legal borders is 16.8 square kilometres, and it is one of the largest holy sites, incubating government departments and service agencies working to facilitate the performance of the rituals of pilgrims, with an estimated 15% of the area of ​​the mountain slopes of the Mash'ar.

The remaining space is used to set up tents to accommodate pilgrims, on an area of ​​2.5 million square meters, accommodating about 2.6 million pilgrims.

prestige and naming

The shrine of Mina has a historical and religious status, by which the Prophet of God Ibrahim - peace be upon him - threw the Jamarat, and slaughtered the ransom of Ismail, peace be upon him, and then the Prophet of guidance Muhammad - may God bless him and grant him peace - confirmed this action in the Farewell Pilgrimage.

Some historical accounts say that the name (Mina) is due to what is shed in this place of the blood of sacrifices and sacrifices during the days of Hajj. By it, as the Arabs call every place where people gather as Mina.

Date

Among the famous historical events that took place in Mina are the first and second pledges of Aqaba;

In the twelfth year of the Prophet’s mission, the first pledge of allegiance was made to the Messenger of God - may God’s prayers and peace be upon him - in the presence of 12 men from the Aws and Khazraj, followed by the second in the 13th year of the mission, in which he, peace be upon him, pledged allegiance to 73 men and two women from the people of Medina in the same location, which is located from the north-east Jamarat Aqaba.

Also in Mina, the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jaafar al-Mansur built the Allegiance Mosque in the year 144 AH, located at the bottom of Mount Thabeer near the people of the Allegiance of Aqaba. May God bless him and his companions to Medina.

Just as Surat Al-Mursalat was revealed in Mina, Al-Bukhari narrated on the authority of Abdullah (bin Masoud) - may God be pleased with him - he said: “While we were with the Prophet - may God’s prayers and peace be upon him - in a cave in Mina, when it came down to him (and the messengers) and he recites it and I receive it from there. And if his mouth is wet with it.”


Landmarks

Mina is famous for its historical monuments, including the three pillars that are thrown, and it is now part of the Jamarat Bridge facility.

And in Mina there is also the Al-Khayf Mosque (Fath Al-Khaa).

Al-Khayf is: what rose from the water course, from which the name of the mosque was derived, and it is located on the southern slope of Mount Mina, close to Al-Jamrah Al-Soghra, and is the third largest mosque in the Makkah region after Al-Haram Mosque and Namera Mosque.

The Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, prayed in it. On the authority of Yazid ibn al-Aswad, he said, “I witnessed with the Prophet, may God’s prayers and peace be upon him, his Hajj, and I prayed the morning prayer with him in the Al-Khayf Mosque.”

It is still standing until now, and because of its importance, it has been expanded, built and restored several times. It is also called the Mosque of the Prophets.

Its area is 23,500 square meters, and it can accommodate 25,000 worshippers, and it has 4 beacons, a toilet complex with more than 1,000 toilets and 3,000 faucets for ablution.

It also ends in Mina, the longest pedestrian road in the world, which starts from Jabal al-Rahma in Arafat through Muzdalifah. It is a 4-lane road that includes umbrellas to protect from the sun, and contains chairs and cold water.

Among the archaeological and historical sites in Mina is the Allegiance Mosque, which is located approximately 500 meters from the Great Jamarat of Aqaba, and witnessed the first pledge of allegiance in Islam. Thabeer".

The date of the construction of the “Bay’ah Mosque” dates back to the year 144 AH, when the Abbasid Caliph Abu Jaafar al-Mansur built it in the place where the pledge of allegiance took place in Aqaba to commemorate this memory.

Some historians mentioned that in Mina there was a mosque known as the Al-Kabsh Mosque, which was located between the first and middle Jamarat, and it has ceased to exist for centuries, and it had 3 corridors without a roof and 5 doors.

Mina is also famous for the presence of "Zubaydah Well", which was one of the sites of collecting the waters of the famous "Ain Zubaydah" whose canals were dug by Zubaydah bint Jaafar Al-Mansour, wife of Caliph Harun Al-Rashid to serve pilgrims. and made it for the public benefit (for pilgrims and passers-by).

The Jamarat Bridge is one of the most prominent modern landmarks in the Mina area. Its length is about a kilometer and its width is 80 meters. It has a capacity of 300,000 pilgrims per hour. It consists of 5 floors and several tunnels for transporting pilgrims.

It separates the movement of vehicles from pedestrians, and the height of one floor is 12 meters.

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