In China's feudal society for more than 2,000 years, more than 400 emperors have emerged successively.
So, is there an emperor who was born in Shandong, and is there an emperor who was buried in Shandong after his death?
In 2015, a tomb of Marquis Haihun was excavated in Nanchang, Jiangxi Province, and tens of thousands of rare treasures from the Western Han Dynasty were unearthed. A large number of lacquerware inscriptions bear the word "Changyi", and many of the objects were dedicated to the emperor.
Among them, the seal to prove the identity of the owner of the tomb was also cleaned up: Liu He.
Historical records: Liu He is a giant savage from Shandong!
From King of Changyi to Emperor
From King of Changyi to Emperor
After Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty, his youngest son Liu Fuling inherited the throne of the Han Dynasty, namely Emperor Zhao of the Han Dynasty.
Emperor Zhao of Han, Liu Fuling, had no heirs. In 74 BC, Emperor Zhao of Han died, and his nephew, King Liu He of Changyi, succeeded him as the new emperor.
Liu He lived in Changyi since he was a child, and it was a fluke that he could become the emperor of the Han Empire.
According to "Zizhitongjian" records: Liu He is a playboy, lustful, and does not pay attention to etiquette.
When his grandfather Han Wudi died, he did not observe filial piety and went out hunting.
On his way to Beijing to take the throne, he also indulged his cronies to rob beauties and acted indiscriminately.
When he arrived at the gate of the capital, the ceremonial officer asked him to cry in mourning. He said, "I have a sore throat and I can't cry." When Liu He became emperor, he was even more unfettered. Drink and discuss with them.
The ministers in the DPRK could not stand it, saying that he "was debauched and confused, lost the emperor's courtesy and friendship, and disrupted the Han system", and they all petitioned to depose Liu He and establish a new one.
"Han Book" records: "(Huo) Guang played Wang He promiscuous, please abolish." In the end, he was only emperor for twenty-seven days before he was abolished.
After Liu He was deposed and returned to Changyi, he became a person without identity.
Huo Guang and the Queen Mother didn't embarrass him either, thinking that the things he used were unlucky, so he was pulled back to Juye from Chang'an.
Some people think that Liu He's palace is very deep.
In the early days, he never showed his edge and saved his life.
After Emperor Zhao's death, Huo Guang originally wanted to find a puppet emperor, but he did not expect that after Liu He became emperor, he would arrange his followers in the court, crowding out Huo Guang's cronies, threatening Huo Guang, and Huo Guang first deposed Liu He.
Years later, Liu He was dispatched to Yuzhang County in the Yangtze River Basin, where he was named Marquis of Haihun, and he transported his belongings from Juye to Haihun.
Here, Liu He was reported because of his contacts with local officials, and after his death, the Marquis of Haihun was also abolished.
Liu He lived in Changyi for nearly 30 years before and after, and has never been able to return to his hometown Juye since then.
After Liu He arrived in the Hou Kingdom of Haihun, he always missed Changyi Kingdom, and the capital he built was also renamed Changyi, that is, Nanchang City. With the passage of time, it later evolved into Nanchang.
Why isn't Liu He's year number in the Chinese historical chronology?
That's because Liu He's time as emperor was only 27 days, which was very short, and he was a deposed emperor.
It's actually a waste grave
It's actually a waste grave
Liu He died in Nanchang, and was buried there.
Why is there Liu He's tomb in Juye?
Han Changyi State is located in the lower reaches of the Yellow River Basin. The Yellow River often bursts and silts up. The ancient city of Changyi has been buried deep underground.
Hanchangyi State is located in the southwest of today's Juye County.
After exploration, the ancient city of Changyi is located in the area of Changyi, Daxie Town, Juye County.
During the Xia and Shang periods, ancient Changyi was the country of Jiafu.
At the beginning of the Western Zhou Dynasty, King Wu Ji issued the title of Uncle Mao, the son of Duke Zhou, to this place and changed it to Mao State.
During the Warring States Period, due to the convenient transportation and important geographical location, people stationed troops and traded here, and gradually gathered to form a city-Changyi.
In the Qin Dynasty, Changyi County was established.
At the end of the Qin Dynasty, Xiang Liang ordered Liu Bang and Peng Yue to attack Changyi County.
At the beginning of the Western Han Dynasty, Liu Bang named Peng Yue the king of Liang, all in Dingtao, and Changyi belonged to his jurisdiction. At that time, Changyi was already a famous big city.
After Peng Yue was killed, the capital of Liang Kingdom moved westward. Prince Liu Hui, Empress Lv's younger brother Lu Chan, the fourth son of Emperor Wen of Han, Liu Yi, and Empress Dou's second son, Liu Wu, were successively named Princes of Liang.
After years of operation, Liang Guo became the most powerful feudal country in the Western Han Dynasty, with more jewelry and jade than the capital, and when it was the largest, it had more than 40 cities.
Liu Wu once helped his elder brother, Emperor Han Jing, to maintain his political power, and was highly trusted. Later, he also wanted to be an emperor, but he stepped aside after being exposed.
In 144 BC, Liu Wu died and the Liang Kingdom was divided into five.
Among them, the capital of Shanyang Kingdom was established in Changyi.
In 97 BC, Emperor Wu of the Han Dynasty named his son Liu Cong the King of Changyi and changed Shanyang to the State of Changyi.
After Liu Kun's death, his son Liu He became the hereditary king of Changyi.
Liu He buried his father in Juye Red Earth Mountain. In the last century, archaeological excavations were conducted on Liu Cong's tomb, and more than a thousand cultural relics were unearthed.
Liu He, at the southern foot of the nearby Jinshan Mountain, began to select a site early and built a tomb for himself.
However, due to the unforeseen promotion, demotion, and migration, Liu He was buried in Nanchang after his death. The unfinished tomb he built in Juye Jinshan was abandoned. Today, we can still clearly see the tomb tunnel excavated in those days. The tomb is long and narrow, and the tomb is spacious.
The tomb passage has been exposed for a long time without backfilling or intentional damage. There are a large number of later inscriptions on both sides of the tomb passage.
During the Jin and Yuan Dynasties, this abandoned tomb was converted into a Buddhist temple.
During the Yongping period, it became Changyi County under Sanyang County.
During the reign of Emperor An of the Han Dynasty, Yang Zhen, a well-known honest official, stayed overnight in Changyi on his way to the prefecture of Donglai.
His disciple Changyi Ling Wang Mi gave Yang Zhen ten catties of gold at night.
Yang Zhen refused to accept it.
Leaving the "four knowledges" beautiful talk for the world.
It happens here.
It is also the location of "Changcheng Misty Rain", one of the Eight Views of Juye.
Historically, Jinshan Liuhe Abandoned Tomb has always been full of mystery.
According to folklore, this place was the earliest place where Qin Shihuang escaped the heat during his eastern tour.
"Yanzhou Fuzhi" also believes that this is the summer palace of the first emperor when he was on tour.
There is also a legend that Li Shimin, the king of Qin, rested here when he was on an expedition.
Therefore, there is a louder name here - King Qin's Summer Cave.
(Author: Rong Haisheng, Secretary General of Heze City Federation of Social Sciences, Director of Caozhou Institute of History and Culture)Keywords: