Editor's note: This year marks the first anniversary of the implementation of the newly revised Law of the People's Republic of China on the Protection of Minors. The newly revised law has two separate chapters, "Government Protection" and "Network Protection", to further organize the legal network to protect the healthy growth of minors.

On May 30 this year, the Supreme People's Court, the Supreme People's Procuratorate, the Ministry of Public Security, and the Ministry of Justice jointly issued the "Implementation Measures for the Sealing of Juvenile Criminal Records" to effectively protect the legitimate rights and interests of juveniles and help them return to society smoothly.

  General Secretary Xi Jinping has always cared about the work of children and children, and cared about the healthy growth of children and children. He has expressed his ardent expectations and deep care for children on different occasions.

On the occasion of Children's Day, Nanfang.com launched a series of legal popularization videos "Guarding the Future", inviting judges, prosecutors, and police to popularize self-protection knowledge to primary and secondary school students, and at the same time, introduced family education and family style construction, healthy Internet guidance, etc. to parents. The importance of safety knowledge education and advocating parents to "bring their children in accordance with the law", please pay attention.

  Sexual abuse education for children is an inevitable topic.

The new case of violating minors warns us that if we do not take precautions, the Internet is very likely to become another way for criminals to violate minors.

How to prevent and respond to sexual abuse of minors?

Lin Li, deputy director of the Seventh Procuratorial Department of the Guangzhou Municipal People's Procuratorate, has been engaged in the procuratorial work of minors all year round. Recently, she introduced in an exclusive interview with reporters that children's parents or other guardians should strengthen the guidance and supervision of children's online behavior; Carrying out effective sexual assault prevention education can greatly reduce the occurrence of such cases.

  Parents neglect to supervise their children's Internet access or let criminals take advantage of it

  The animation scenarios in the video are adapted from real cases.

In this case, the defendant tricked and threatened three girls under the age of 10 by using online chat to take pictures of their private parts for their own viewing.

After the defendant was arrested and brought to justice, the court sentenced him to the crime of molesting children according to law.

The court held that the parents of the minor victims had improper guardianship, neglected supervision of minors' use of mobile phones and other communication tools to surf the Internet, and had insufficient safety education on the prevention of sexual assault.

  This case is of great warning significance. Lin Li told reporters that in the above-mentioned cases, although the criminals did not have actual physical contact with the girls, they demanded the minors to take indecent photos and videos by means of deception and coercion. Watching, or requesting minors to chat naked, or even record screen, these acts seriously violate children's personal dignity and mental health, and have the same social harm as indecent acts that actually touch children's bodies, so they are found to constitute the crime of child molestation.

  Lin Li said that this case also sounded a wake-up call for parents. If children are not guided and supervised online, the "big bad wolf" linked to the other end of the Internet will take advantage of the situation and harm the children's physical and mental health.

  Effective sexual assault education can reduce the incidence of sexual assault

  So, how should minors prevent and respond to sexual abuse?

  "Effective sexual assault prevention education can greatly reduce the occurrence of such cases." Lin Li suggested that parents and schools should carry out sex education suitable for the physical and mental characteristics of minors, so that children can learn to identify what is sexual assault and sexual harassment.

  Parents should tell their children that, whether they are acquaintances such as teachers, relatives, or strangers in public places, as long as someone conducts sexual assault or harassment on their children (such as touching private parts of the body, forcing hugs, kisses, or attempting to have sexual relations) , or through WeChat, QQ to request nude photos, nude chats, etc.), children should learn to refuse, escape to a safe place, and report to their parents or teachers as soon as possible.

It is worth noting that the prevention of sexual abuse of children does not distinguish between men and women, and boys should also have a sense of self-protection to prevent sexual abuse.

  Lin Li stressed that if a child is unfortunate enough to encounter sexual assault, he must be clear that it is not the child's fault that the incident happened. Neither the child nor the parents need to be ashamed or afraid, but must bravely report the case to the public security organs to prevent the incident. Unlawful violations continue to occur, and timely protection and assistance are obtained.

  The reporter learned that, in order to ensure the timely protection of minor victims, the Guangzhou Municipal People's Procuratorate has promoted the construction of 18 "one-stop" evidence collection and case handling sites in the city, which can complete the treatment, evidence collection, inquiry, and psychological treatment of minor victims at one time. Intervention and other work to prevent victims from being "secondary harm".

  The implementation of the newly revised law on the protection of minors has further promoted the introduction of safety precaution education for minors into campus and community activities.

"Almost every prosecutor in charge of juvenile procuratorial work is the vice-principal of the school's rule of law." Lin Li said that over the past year, the procuratorate has not only taught students the rule of law, but also popularized child sex education for parents and teachers. The importance of promoting the whole society to improve the ability to prevent sexual abuse of minors.

  In addition, since 2021, the Guangzhou People's Procuratorate has continuously refined and implemented the entry inquiry mechanism for units that have close contact with minors. At the same time, it has promoted the implementation of mandatory reporting systems in schools, hospitals, hotels and other places. Report to the police as soon as possible.

  Jointly produced by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Procuratorate of Nanfang.com

  Planning/Coordination: Shen Chen Huang Xiaoyin

  Script/Manuscript: Huang Xiaoyin, Li Runfang, Yang Zhengfang

  Painting/Design: Yang Chenyue

  Filming/Editing: Li Jiangrui