[Explanation] A few days ago, the painting and calligraphy exhibition "Huangbo Wen and China Resources Two States - Yin Yuan and the Zen and Ink World of Teachers, Friends and Disciples" was held in Beijing. More than 100 exhibits told a good story of mutual learning between the civilizations of China and Japan.

After Jianzhen traveled eastward in the Tang Dynasty, Zen master Yinyuan Longqi, a Zen master in the late Ming Dynasty, was invited to travel eastward to Japan to spread the Dharma at the age of 63, which had an important impact on the economic and social development of Japan during the Edo period.

Recently, Master Dingming, abbot of Wanfu Temple in Huangbo Mountain, Fuqing, Fujian, accepted an exclusive interview with China News Agency "East and West Questions", and talked about why Zen Master Yinyuan has become a cultural symbol for exchanges and mutual learning between China and Japan.

  [Explanation] Wanfu Temple in Huangbo Mountain, located in Fuqing, Fujian, has a history of more than 1,200 years.

There are many eminent monks here, and Zen master Yinyuan also became a monk here and served as the abbot twice.

As Zen Master Yinyuan became more and more famous in the Buddhist world, his writings, collections of poems and fame also spread to Japan.

  [Same period] Master Dingming, abbot of Wanfu Temple in Huangbo Mountain, Fuqing, Fujian

  According to the records in the literature, with the approval of the Nagasaki shogunate in Japan, (Nagasaki Monks and Ladies Union) wrote a letter to send someone to Mount Huangbo, Fujian, China to invite Zen Master Yinyuan (Dongdu Hongfa), but he did not agree three times before. By the fourth (invitation) 1654, he finally agreed to the Japanese invitation.

There were 30 disciples in his entourage. At that time, Zheng Chenggong and the others sent ships to escort them to Japan.

  [Explanation] After Zen Master Yinyuan arrived in Japan, he established a new temple in Kyoto, and still named it "Huangboshan Wanfu Temple" to show that he did not forget the Chinese homeland.

The Huangbo Sect he founded had a great influence on Japanese Buddhism.

  [Same period] Master Dingming, abbot of Wanfu Temple in Huangbo Mountain, Fuqing, Fujian

  In terms of Buddhism, the entire Zen system and practice methods of the Ming Dynasty were also relocated to Japan.

There are also many monasteries of Huangbo sect in Kyoto and Osaka. You will see very strong Chinese cultural elements in these monasteries.

First of all, its buildings are Ming Dynasty buildings, and all the plaques in the second temple are written in Chinese.

Therefore, a Japanese poet said at that time, "When you enter Huangbo Mountain in Kyoto, Japan, it seems that you have arrived in China, and you only return to Japan after leaving the Huangbo Mountain in Kyoto."

  [Explanation] In addition, Zen Master Yinyuan also spread sculpture, painting and calligraphy, medicine, food, etc. in Chinese culture to Japan.

According to the record in "Huangbo Dongdu Monks and Treasures", there are 77 eminent monks teaching the Dharma in Huangbo Dongdu.

The large number of people in Dongdu, the long duration of time, and the variety of dissemination of culture are rare in the world. It can be regarded as a model of cultural exchanges and mutual learning between China and Japan.

  [Same period] Master Dingming, abbot of Wanfu Temple in Huangbo Mountain, Fuqing, Fujian

  For example, many technologies such as Confucian classics and construction techniques, including medical and pharmaceutical aspects, have been brought over.

For example, the common tea dishes, Yinyuan tofu, etc. that we ate in Japan were all brought by him.

His calligraphy art level is very high. Zen master Yinyuan and Zen master Muan (Muan Xingyuan), namely non-chan masters (that is, non-ruyi), are known as "three strokes of Huangbo" in the Japanese cultural circle, and they widely influenced the Edo period at that time. The ethos of the literati calligraphy and art fields.

Therefore, the Huangbo culture we understand is three levels, advanced culture, science and technology and Buddhist scriptures.

It has played a great role in promoting the quality of Japanese people and cultural dissemination, and in promoting social civilization.

  [Explanation] Huangbo culture is rooted in Japanese daily life and plays an important carrier role in promoting Sino-Japanese exchanges.

The year 2022 coincides with the 50th anniversary of the normalization of diplomatic relations between China and Japan. To commemorate the 350th anniversary of Yinyuan's passing away, China and Japan will hold a number of exchange activities.

In the future, Master Dingming hopes to better study, interpret and inherit the "Huangbo Culture" from the perspective of discipline construction.

Further promote international cultural exchanges and explore the exchange model and development path of world civilizations.

  [Same period] Master Dingming, abbot of Wanfu Temple in Huangbo Mountain, Fuqing, Fujian

  Huangbo Learning is a cultural phenomenon centered on the (thousand-year-old) Huangbo culture and spread eastward to Japan for 400 years. It symbolizes the exchange between Fujian learning and the Maritime Silk Road.

We have established a research association for Huangbo studies, and the purpose of the research association is to promote Huangbo culture as a subject research direction.

The two Huangbo Mountains of China and Japan, the Buddhist circles of China and Japan, including the people of China and Japan, how to communicate and learn from each other in multiple dimensions and through multiple channels, and make more explorations and exchanges for the future people-to-people exchanges between China and Japan. effort.

  Reporter Cheng Yu, Du Yan, and Li Shuoxing report in Beijing

Responsible editor: [Wang Kai]