The British newspaper "The Times" said that Israel has told its allies that it is preparing to send assassination teams to kill leaders of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) abroad, in retaliation for the deadly attacks on Israeli civilians in the past two months.
The newspaper added, in a report, that it was believed that intelligence services in the Middle East and Europe had warned Hamas of the impending strikes.
The Islamic Resistance Movement - known by the acronym "Hamas" - was founded in December 1986 by Sheikh Ahmed Yassin and some members of the Muslim Brotherhood working in the Palestinian arena, such as Dr. Abdel Aziz Rantisi, Dr. Mahmoud al-Zahar and others.
And "Hamas" is one of the most prominent resistance movements in the Palestinian arena.
It experimented with political participation in 2006 and won the elections, then took control of the Gaza Strip in 2007 after armed clashes with the Palestinian National Authority.
It views Israel as part of a "Western Zionist colonialist" project.
In 2017, it issued a document of general principles and policies.
A series of assassination attempts by Israel against the political and military leaders of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas), some of them succeeded and others failed, but Tel Aviv never stopped these attempts, and these are the most prominent…
- September 25, 1997: The attempt to assassinate the head of the Hamas political bureau, Khaled Meshaal, in Amman, Jordan, was one of the most famous and unsuccessful assassination attempts carried out by the Israeli foreign intelligence service (Mossad).
His bodyguards were able to chase after the two Mossad agents, arrest them, and then hand them over to the police. As a result, the Israeli intelligence man, Isaac Halevi, traveled to Amman to meet the late Jordanian King Hussein bin Talal and negotiate with him to hand over the two agents.
The deal was concluded with the release of the two Israeli agents, in exchange for the release of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin from Israeli prisons and the provision of treatment to Khaled Meshaal.
Jamal Mansour was arrested several times, whether in the prisons of the Israeli occupation or the prisons of the Palestinian Authority.
Mansour was head of the Islamic bloc in the early eighties at An-Najah University, from which he graduated.
- July 31, 2001: He was martyred after receiving a phone call in his office in Nablus in the West Bank during which the speaker impersonated a BBC presenter to make sure of his presence and stay there. Immediately an Apache plane bombed his office with missiles that killed him and Sheikh Jamal Salim and some of their companions.
- Sheikh Jamal Salim was the target of physical liquidation by the Israeli intelligence services, who were a guest in their prisons for many years.
- July 31, 2001: He was martyred in an Israeli bombing of his office in which he was sitting with Sheikh Jamal Mansour. They were martyred immediately, along with two journalists and two children.
Mahmoud Abu Hanoud
Mahmoud Abu Hanoud is famous for his expertise in setting up laboratories capable of manufacturing local explosives.
One of his most famous operations, along with five of his villagers, Asira al-Shamaliah, was the famous 1997 bombing in West Jerusalem, during which 19 Israelis were killed.
August 2000: He was subjected to an assassination attempt in his prison in Nablus, but he escaped.
Then an Israeli warplane bombed his car and he also survived this attempt, while 11 Palestinians were martyred.
December 23, 2001: Israel succeeded in assassinating him after bombing his car with missiles fired by Apache helicopters.
Salah Shehadeh was a constant target of the Israeli security services for his great activity in the 1987 intifada and his leadership of the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades after that.
He is one of the founders of the first military apparatus of Hamas, known as the "Palestinian Mujahideen."
- July 23, 2002: Israel managed to assassinate him by bombing the building in which he was in the densely populated Al-Daraj neighborhood in Gaza, which resulted in the death of him, his wife and a number of civilians, most of whom were children.
Ismail Abu Shanab
Engineer Ismail Abu Shanab, one of the most prominent founders and leaders of Hamas, spent 10 years in the occupation prisons on charges of leading the organization during the first intifada, and was considered one of the most prominent leaders of the movement in Gaza.
August 21, 2003: Israel succeeded in assassinating him by firing missiles at his car. He and two of his companions were martyred.
Member of the political leadership of Hamas, and one of the founders of the special military apparatus of the Muslim Brotherhood in Gaza, known as "Majd".
1984: Imprisoned for 8 years, then the Palestinian Authority imprisoned him in 1996 for another 3 years.
March 8, 2003: He was assassinated by Israel after his car was hit by missiles fired by the Israeli air force.
- Dr. Mahmoud al-Zahar was known in the media during Israel's deportation of some Hamas leaders in Marj al-Zohour in Lebanon in 1992.
September 10, 2003: Al-Zahar was subjected to an assassination attempt, when an Israeli plane targeted his house in Al-Rimal neighborhood in Gaza City.
His son Husam was also martyred in an Israeli bombing of the Gaza Strip on January 16, 2008.
March 22, 2004: Israel assassinated the founder of the Islamic Resistance Movement (Hamas) and its leader Sheikh Ahmed Yassin, marking the height of the assassinations that targeted Hamas and its leaders.
An Israeli helicopter fired missiles at his wheelchair, hitting him and some of his companions who were taking him to the dawn prayer in a mosque near his house.
Abdul Aziz Al-Rantissi
- April 17, 2004: Israel assassinated Dr. Abdel Aziz Rantisi, one of the prominent leaders of the movement, less than a month after the assassination of Sheikh Ahmed Yassin.
- The martyr Al-Rantissi had survived a previous assassination attempt when an Apache helicopter spotted him and fired a missile at his car, killing 3 Palestinians, including a woman and a child, and wounding him with shrapnel in his left leg.
- Said Siam's name began to appear in the Israeli assassination lists after the assassination of Abdel Aziz Al-Rantissi and Ahmed Yassin in 2004, and the Hebrew press published his name among 16 names nominated for assassination prior to the war on Gaza at the end of 2008.
Seyam took over the Ministry of the Interior after Hamas (the Change and Reform Bloc) won the most seats in the Legislative Council in the 2006 elections, and after he found it difficult to deal with the leaders of the security services loyal to the Palestinian National Liberation Movement (Fatah) and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas, he formed the executive force supporting the agencies security in May 2006.
- During his tenure at the Ministry of the Interior, Siam found himself in a confrontation with the security services, a confrontation that led Hamas to seize the headquarters of the security services in the Gaza Strip on June 14, 2007, in what was known as the "Day of Decisiveness".
January 15, 2009: Saeed Siam was martyred in a raid carried out by the Israeli warplanes during its war on the Gaza Strip. The raid led to the death of his brother and 6 others.
A prominent political and military leader in Hamas, who was arrested several times by Israel and the Palestinian Authority before the movement took control of the Gaza Strip in June 2007.
His son Ibrahim was martyred during the storming of the "Aley Sinai" settlement in October 2001 along with another Palestinian.
January 1, 2009: Israeli warplanes assassinated - on the sixth day of Operation "Cast Lead" - Nizar Rayan and a number of his family members in an air strike on his home in Jabalia camp. He, his four women and 11 of his sons were martyred, and the Deputy Prime Minister did not hide The Israeli at the time, Haim Ramon, was pleased with the assassination of Dr. Nizar.
- He is one of the leaders of the Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades, and Israel considered him responsible for the kidnapping and killing of two Israeli soldiers during the first Palestinian intifada. It also considered him responsible for smuggling weapons from Iran to the Gaza Strip.
January 19, 2010: Al-Mabhouh was assassinated, while Dubai police announced later that 11 people with British, Irish, German and French passports had carried out the assassination of Al-Mabhouh, and the suspects' photos were shown, based on high-tech camera recordings.
- According to the leader of the political wing, Khaled Meshaal, Hamas accused Israel of being responsible for his assassination.
Ahmed Al Jabari
- The deputy commander-in-chief of the Al-Qassam Brigades and the de facto leader of the brigades on the ground until his assassination. He was called the Chief of Staff of Hamas and has been holding the file of the soldier Shalit since his capture on June 25, 2006.
Al-Jabari was appointed commander of the Al-Qassam Brigades in Gaza, and he was one of the most wanted men by Israel. Israel accuses him of being responsible for a large number of operations against it. He has survived several assassination attempts.
November 14, 2012: Israel assassinated him with a missile targeting his car.
Raed Al Attar
- A Palestinian resistance fighter, he led the Rafah Brigade in the Al-Qassam Brigades, and he was the architect of the kidnapping of the Israeli soldier Gilad Shalit.
- The occupation forces considered him the de facto heir of the Chief of Staff of the Al-Qassam Brigades, Ahmed Al-Jabari, and the Palestinian Authority tried him.
For many years, he was one of the most wanted liquidators by the Zionist occupation army, which tried to assassinate him more than once, so the occupation forces destroyed his house in the Yabna camp with a missile from an F-16 plane during the aggression on Gaza in 2012.
August 21, 2014: Raed Subhi Al-Attar (Abu Ayman) was martyred in an Israeli raid on a house in Rafah, during the Israeli aggression on Gaza, along with two companions he trained: Muhammad Abu Shamala and Muhammad Barhoum.
Mohammed Abu Shamala
He began his career with the resistance by belonging to the Al-Qassam Brigades in the early nineties with Muhammad Al-Deif and Raed Al-Attar. He became deputy commander of the Rafah Brigade in the southern Gaza Strip, and a member of the Al-Qassam Brigades’ Supreme Military Council.
- He became one of the most wanted men by the Israeli intelligence services since 1991, and spent 9 months in the prisons of the occupation, and 3 and a half years in the prisons of the Palestinian National Authority.
- He survived two assassination attempts, the first in 2003 when his car was hit by an air strike, and he was wounded after he jumped from it near the European Hospital between the cities of Rafah and Khan Yunis.
The second was in 2004, when the occupation forces invaded the Yabna refugee camp, surrounded and destroyed his house after failing to destroy it.
August 21, 2014: He was killed in an Israeli raid that targeted a residential building in the Tel al-Sultan neighborhood, west of Rafah, along with his colleagues, Muhammad Hamdan Barhoum and Raed al-Attar.
Mohamed Hamdan Barhoum
A Palestinian resistance fighter, born in Gaza, lived there and was martyred there, joined the Al-Qassam Brigades and was a qualitative addition. He harnessed all his energies to develop the capabilities of the mujahideen. He had the opportunity to live away from the enemy’s bombs and machine guns, but he chose jihad and asked for martyrdom.
The Israeli occupation accused him of being responsible for providing the weapons used by the Al-Qassam Brigades to confront the occupation forces, and began chasing him since 1992, but he escaped from him more than once and remained a thorn in the throat of the Israeli Internal Security Service.
August 21, 2014: Muhammad Hamdan Barhoum (Abu Osama) was martyred in an Israeli raid on Rafah along with two leaders of the Al-Qassam Brigades, Raed Subhi Ahmed Al-Attar (Abu Ayman) and Muhammad Ibrahim Salah Abu Shamala (Abu Khalil).
December 15, 2016: Zouari was shot dead in front of his house in the city of Sfax (southern Tunisia), with a pistol with a silencer.
After his assassination, Hamas called him, confirming his affiliation with the "Izz al-Din al-Qassam Brigades," and said that he was the engineer supervising the project to develop the unmanned aircraft industry and autonomous submarines.
- The Tunisian authorities said that the main Bosnian assassins, Alvir Sarak and Alan Kancic, along with the Austrian Christopher, entered Tunisian territory by sea through the port of La Goulette on December 8, 2016.
Al-Zawari’s star rose in the last Israeli aggression on the Gaza Strip (May 2021), after the Palestinian resistance revealed the great role he played in developing the military system of the Al-Qassam Brigades, by air and sea, through a drone and an autonomous submarine, which the resistance used for the first time. In the aggression, she turned the equation in her favour.
The Israeli occupation army, in its last war, acknowledged the qualitative development witnessed by the resistance, by owning self-driving submarines capable of carrying explosives weighing 50 kilograms, which tried to target an Israeli marine gas platform off the port of Ashdod.
- An Israeli documentary, broadcast in November 2019, previously revealed the reasons and motives that gave the Mossad the green light to assassinate Al-Zawari, mainly related to its development of drones and models of submarines.
- The film also revealed that Mossad elements had secretly entered the laboratory in which Martyr Zouari worked at the School of Engineers in Sfax, and also worked in it to develop his academic projects, especially the submarine, which gave permission for his assassination.
Despite his success in staying alive in the past years, the guest, nicknamed "Abu Khaled", was close to death in 5 assassination attempts he was subjected to in 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006 and 2014.
September 2002: The most famous attempt was to assassinate Deif, as Israel admitted that he had miraculously survived when its helicopters bombed cars in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood of Gaza, reversing previous assertions that Deif was killed in the aforementioned attack.
Summer of 2014: In the last attempt to assassinate Deif, the commander of the Qassam Brigades lost his wife and her baby, as a result of successive missile strikes on a house in the Sheikh Radwan neighborhood in Gaza.
Although he sustained a direct injury that made him paralyzed and sitting in a wheelchair, according to media reports, Israel did not calm down, and until now it considers him one of its most wanted men.
- The Israeli intelligence tried to liquidate Muhammad Al-Deif again, and justified its failure as a target with extraordinary survival ability, surrounded by mystery, and keen to keep out of sight.Keywords: