China News Service, Chengdu, March 31 (Reporter He Xi) The reporter learned from the Sichuan Provincial Department of Water Resources on the 31st that the "Sichuan Province Water Resources Regulations" (hereinafter referred to as the "Regulations") were approved by the Standing Committee of the 13th Sichuan Provincial People's Congress The 34th meeting deliberated for the third time and approved it by unanimous vote, and it will be officially implemented on July 1.
The "Regulations" are the first local regulations on water resources management in Sichuan, providing legal protection for strengthening water resources protection and promoting rigid constraints on water resources, marking a new level of water resources management in Sichuan.
Sichuan is a province with large water resources and a province of thousands of rivers. Water resources have three characteristics: First, the total amount is abundant.
The annual average total water resources ranks second in the country; the per capita occupancy is 2,900 cubic meters, slightly higher than the national average.
The second is the uneven distribution of time and space.
In terms of time, May-October accounts for about 70% of the annual precipitation; spatially, the total amount of water resources in the central area of the basin only accounts for 20%, and the per capita amount is less than 1,000 cubic meters.
The third is that it is located in the upper reaches of the Yangtze River and the Yellow River, and undertakes the important task of building an ecological barrier in the upper reaches.
It is very important to strengthen the allocation, intensive and economical utilization and protection of water resources.
In recent years, Sichuan has continuously strengthened the management of water resources, the rigid constraint index system of water resources has been continuously improved, positive progress has been made in strict water use supervision, the outstanding problems of water resources protection and water ecology have been effectively improved, the reform and innovation of water resources management has accelerated to solve problems, and water resources have been intensively The ability to save and utilize continued to improve.
At the same time, with the rapid economic and social development, the contradiction between supply and demand of water resources and the outstanding problems of water ecology have become more and more prominent. It is necessary and urgent to speed up the legislation of water resources.
The "Regulations" reviewed and approved this time include general provisions, reserve and conservation, control and dispatch, water intake and water use, legal responsibility, and 6 chapters, with a total of 58 articles.
The Regulations clarify and reiterate important systems for water resources work.
It is required to coordinate the needs of water for living, production and operation, and the ecological environment, and to implement the system of water abstraction licensing, use control and paid use of water resources in accordance with the law.
The important systems for water resources management such as the connection of water resources planning, planning system, unified management, coordination mechanism, regular reporting work, water resources assessment system, water resources inspection system, and joint water resources law enforcement have been clarified.
The "Regulations" make clear provisions on strengthening the reserve and conservation of water resources.
It is required to comprehensively promote the demonstration of planned water resources, strengthen the development and utilization of water resources, and promote the construction and management of major water projects.
At the same time, it has made clear provisions on strengthening groundwater management, coordinating the allocation of unconventional water sources, strengthening water resources protection, and promoting river basin ecological protection compensation.
The Regulations put forward clear requirements for water resource management, control and dispatch.
It further clarified the management and control requirements for total water use, water use efficiency, water pollution discharge, etc., put forward the principles of water resources allocation and use control requirements, required the implementation of water resources zoning management and control, clarified the situation of restricted approval, and implemented the implementation of the protection of ecological flow of rivers and lakes. The unified dispatching of the river basin and the joint dispatching of water diversion projects put forward requirements.
The Regulations make detailed provisions on strengthening the management of water withdrawal.
From the two links of water intake and water management, it has been clarified according to the requirements of strictness and detail, which fully reflects the requirements of intensive and economical use of water resources.
It is required to strengthen the management of water drawing licenses, promote regional water resources demonstration, and strengthen water conservation.
At the same time, principle requirements have been made on the reform of water rights and water prices.
The promulgation and implementation of the "Regulations" will allocate, intensively and economically utilize and protect water resources in Sichuan Province, give full play to the comprehensive economic, social and ecological benefits of water resources, promote high-quality economic and social development, and build an important ecological barrier in the upper reaches of the Yangtze and Yellow Rivers. Play an important role.