How to "break" the shortage of electric vehicle charging piles in the

  community? It is not easy to select the location of the community, and it is not easy for the operator to lower the "threshold". CPPCC members suggested that the construction plan for electric vehicle charging facilities should be accelerated.

  With the continuous increase in the number of electric bicycles (hereinafter referred to as electric vehicles) in Guangzhou, the demand for electric vehicle charging piles has also skyrocketed.

Nowadays, various communities in Guangzhou clearly prohibit electric vehicles from going upstairs, and do not encourage citizens to take electric vehicle batteries home for charging, so public charging piles have become a rigid need.

  It is not easy for electric vehicle charging piles to land in the community.

During the investigation, the reporter found that, on the one hand, it is the problem of site selection, and on the other hand, the property management of the community and residents also have doubts about the safety of the centralized charging facilities.

However, Guangzhou has accumulated a lot of experience in the construction of charging piles.

Some members of the CPPCC proposed that the preparation of electric vehicle parking places and charging facilities should be accelerated.

The Guangdong Electric Vehicle Industry Chamber of Commerce also stated that charging piles are a livelihood project, and it is hoped that relevant parties such as streets, communities, and property management can become boosters.

  Text and photos / All-media reporter Xiao Huanhuan of Guangzhou Daily (except signature)


  Residents call for "build more" charging piles in short supply

  Wu Xibin previously served as Secretary of the Party Branch of Lijiang Community in Panyu District.

He introduced that there are more than 12,000 households in the community, but there are now 6 electric vehicle charging stations in the entire community, with more than 200 charging piles, which are far from meeting the charging needs of residents.

  In the past two years, the Lijiang community has been promoting the prohibition of electric vehicles from going upstairs. Nowadays, it has become the consensus of many residents to go upstairs without electric vehicles and reduce charging at home, but with it comes the problem of charging.

Taking Lijiang community as an example, 12,000 households need at least 1,000 charging points to meet the charging needs of electric vehicles.

"It may be enough during the day, but in the peak period after get off work, the charging space is not enough, and residents have to queue up to charge." Wu Xibin said that according to the remaining power of electric vehicles, the time required for full charging also varies from 2~8 hours, so the waiting time is relatively long.

  "Many residents have asked us to build more electric vehicle charging stations in the community before, but after our investigation, we found that it is very difficult to build electric vehicle charging stations in the community." Wu Xibin introduced that the first is the difficulty of location selection.

Guangzhou will start the registration of electric vehicles in November 2021. Before that, many communities did not plan to build electric vehicle parking spaces and charging facilities, nor did they reserve the location of electric vehicle charging piles.

Taking Lijiang Garden as an example, underground garages are scarce in this community, and electric vehicles on the ground are also parked indiscriminately, making it even more difficult to find open spaces for charging piles.

  Secondly, there are currently no local standards for the construction of charging piles in Guangdong Province and Guangzhou City.

Therefore, community construction of charging piles is basically "crossing the river by feeling the stones".

At present, the 6 charging piles that have been built in the community are all imported from outside professional companies, and they are built by them, and the community is responsible for daily management.

"Even so, the management of these charging piles requires a lot of energy from the property management. For the property management of the community, this is also extra work. For example, it is necessary to carry out daily inspections to eliminate fire hazards or safety hazards."

  In addition, the construction and site selection of the charging station must be negotiated with the community residents. If the surrounding residents do not agree, the construction will not be completed.

"We must build a charging station at a certain distance from residential buildings. If it is too close, residents will have objections, because they are worried that it will cause safety hazards. Once residents object, it will not be built." From past experience, it is necessary to To build a charging station, it will take one year from initiating a motion, soliciting opinions and finally completing it.

  Since January this year, Wu Xibin has served as the secretary of the party branch in the Country Garden Community in Guangzhou.

The community now has more than 7,000 households, and has 7 electric vehicle charging stations with a total of about 200 charging piles, which is also in short supply.

  Residential property:

  Site selection + security + cost Large-scale implementation is difficult

  The reporter then visited many communities in the city and found that the problem of insufficient electric vehicle charging piles is relatively common.

Guangzhou Textile Trading Park, located on Xingang West Road, is one of the areas where electric vehicles are concentrated. There is a centralized charging device with 36 charging piles installed at the entrance of the Meijing Center.

"There will be a queue after about 6 pm, and basically every charging pile has a car." Mr. Xia, a citizen, told reporters.

  Liu Dongming, the property manager of a community on Xingang West Road, told reporters that the owner of the community has more than 1,000 electric vehicles.

Previously, the community had not reserved so many parking spaces for electric vehicles in the planning. Now that there are so many electric vehicles all at once, it has become particularly urgent to build centralized charging facilities.

"We just recently removed the original waste sorting and recycling point and built a new charging area of ​​about 20 square meters, which can charge more than 20 electric vehicles." But he said that the supply is still in short supply.

  Manager Liu told reporters that the biggest problem in adding charging facilities in the community is the location selection and safety.

He explained that the charging area usually needs to build a canopy, and every day a special person is required to check whether there is any leakage or other fire hazards, and to supervise the residents' electric vehicles not to park indiscriminately; in addition, there is currently no national standard for electric vehicle charging piles. Therefore, the property owner and some residents still have doubts about this.

"These are all new workloads. Every time we add a security guard, the cost will increase by about 100,000 yuan a year. Therefore, the new charging pile is completely to meet the needs of residents, and it is definitely not cost-effective to calculate the economic account alone. ." Manager Liu expressed his difficulties regarding the difficulty of building electric vehicle charging facilities in many communities.

  Charging pile operator:

  Looking forward to lowering the "threshold" to allow residents to charge at low prices

  The reporter visited many communities in the city and learned that at present, the construction of electric vehicle charging piles in the community mainly adopts two methods. The first is to be operated by a third-party operator.

The operator builds charging piles in the community and pays the electricity fee to the community.

The inconvenience is that the operator needs to sign an electricity contract with the construction entity to ensure the balance of payments and the time limit for the installation of equipment; the second is that the construction entity operates independently, and the construction entity chooses charging and billing equipment (coin-operated or Scan code payment), the advantage of this method is that the construction main body builds charging piles in its own area and is open to the majority of community users, which is relatively stable and will not be withdrawn after a period of operation due to unbalanced revenue and expenditure.

The disadvantage is that the daily operation and maintenance and charging management of the equipment are the responsibility of the construction entity, and there are risks such as unprofessional maintenance and unstable operation.

  The reporter contacted a manufacturer from Shenzhen specializing in the production of centralized charging equipment through an advertisement posted in the charging area.

Mr. Liao, the person in charge of the manufacturer, told reporters that the current demand for centralized charging equipment is indeed very strong, but there are also barriers for centralized charging equipment to enter the community.

On the one hand, it is necessary to pay an "entry fee" to the community, which is usually more than 100,000 yuan depending on the size of the community and the number of charging piles to be built.

On the other hand, you have to pay for electricity.

The charging price also varies according to the time period and location.

Especially in some urban villages, due to the large number of electric vehicles, centralized charging equipment has become a rigid demand, and some equipment manufacturers also want to enter, but the price of electricity charged in the village is even higher than the price charged by charging piles to users.

In addition, the equipment manufacturer also needs to have the right to use the site for a long time, and these need to sign a contract with the village.

The cost of site and electricity price pushes up the end-use fee of charging piles, which will reduce the willingness of car owners to use centralized charging piles.

  "If the charging price is high, the use efficiency will decrease. If possible, we would rather set the price lower." Mr. Liao said that he expects the community and village residents to set less or lower the "threshold" for charging piles to enter the community, and try to provide them as much as possible. Convenience, they are willing to charge at a low price to benefit community residents.

  Regarding the construction of electric vehicle charging piles, Lan Shiyou, executive chairman of the Guangdong Electric Vehicle Chamber of Commerce, said that the construction of charging piles is a livelihood project, and it is hoped that relevant parties such as streets, communities, and property management will become the promoters of this facility construction. Economic subsidies can be provided for construction and use, or convenience can be provided as much as possible.


  Has accumulated a lot of experience in charging pile construction

  The good news is that with the launch of electric vehicles in Guangzhou, many newly built communities have incorporated the construction of electric bicycle charging piles into the planning, and many old communities have also included the construction of electric bicycle charging piles as key renovation projects.

After several years of intensive construction, the gap of charging piles will gradually narrow.

  The reporter visited and learned that at present, many communities in Guangzhou are stepping up the introduction of charging pile operators and supporting the construction of a number of centralized charging facilities.

It is expected that after another year of construction, it will be much more convenient for citizens to charge nearby the community.

  Through continuous exploration, Guangzhou has also accumulated a lot of experience in the construction of electric vehicle charging piles.

For example, Huangpu District vigorously supports the livelihood projects of charging piles. The government invests in the purchase of intelligent charging piles and canopy construction, and lays and installs multiple charging piles in the community and community bicycle sheds, and assigns them to professional intelligent charging pile operators for installation. and running work.

It is understood that in order to prevent residents from falling into the situation of "pulling carts upstairs illegally" and "downstairs with nowhere to charge", Luogang Street in Huangpu District is promoting the construction of electric bicycle charging piles, taking Shiqiao Village in this street as a demonstration site to build electric bicycles The "Shiqiao Experience" of safety management solves the problem of difficult charging of electric vehicles by adding electric vehicle parking sheds and charging piles, and checking the illegal parking of electric vehicles.

  The Haizhu District Government has included "electric bicycle charging safety issues" as one of the ten livelihood issues in the district in 2021, and distributed a total of 1.27 million yuan of free electronic consumption coupons for charging piles, guiding enterprises to implement the construction of more than 12,000 electric bicycles in the district. charging port.

  Members recommend:

  It is necessary to speed up the preparation of electric vehicle charging facilities construction planning

  During the two sessions of Guangdong Province and Guangzhou City this year, the construction of electric vehicle charging facilities has once again become a focus of attention of representatives and committee members.

Zhao Guangjun, a representative of the Guangdong Provincial People's Congress, Lin Shujing, a representative of the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress, and Tan Guojian, a member of the Guangzhou Political Consultative Conference, all suggested accelerating the construction of electric vehicle charging facilities.

  Zhao Guangjun said that since Guangzhou launched the registration of electric vehicles in November last year, electric vehicles have a clear "identity", and the construction of parking spaces and centralized charging facilities has become urgent.

Zhao Guangjun suggested that communities and villages with more than 10,000 households should be the first to start the construction of centralized charging facilities for electric vehicles.

  According to Tan Guojian, a member of the Guangzhou Political Consultative Conference, Guangzhou has more than 3 million electric vehicles.

There are more than 3,000 residential communities in Guangzhou. As of September 2021, more than 600 communities in the city have installed electric vehicle centralized charging facilities, accounting for only about 20%.

In order to solve the problem of electric vehicle charging, Tan Guojian suggested that the construction of electric vehicle parking places and charging facilities should be accelerated, and the construction of electric vehicles should be reasonably planned in public places such as new or expanded industrial parks, commercial plazas, office buildings, residential communities, hospitals, and parks. Centralized parking spaces and charging facilities for vehicles.

  Lin Shujing, a representative of the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress, suggested that electric vehicle parking areas should be divided in communities, closed parking lots, and underground parking lots, and safe charging piles should be vigorously built.

"In the closed parking lot and underground parking lot, consider dividing the electric vehicle parking area, try to make the distance between the car and the car can accommodate one person, to prevent the whole piece from detonating; in addition, there should be enough professional firefighters near the charging pile. equipment."