How to improve the quality of " 3:30
How to improve the quality of " 3:30
after class" under the "double reduction"
A reporter from China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily noticed that the after-school service quality after the "double reduction" has continued from the local two sessions to the national two sessions.
As early as during the local two sessions, representatives and members of the provincial two sessions in Beijing, Shanghai, Zhejiang, Jiangsu, Anhui and other places were also discussing this topic.
For example, Bao Xiaojian, a member of the Jiangsu Provincial Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and secretary of the Party Committee of Suzhou People's Mall Co., Ltd., found that since September 2021, the phenomenon of after-school service teachers in Suzhou has been increasing.
In addition, under the demand of "improving students' comprehensive quality in after-school services", school art and physical education teachers are operating at full capacity, and the shortage of art and physical education teachers is prominent, making it difficult to meet the urgent needs of students.
Bao Xiaojian believes that insufficient funds for activities and difficulty in guaranteeing the quality of after-school services are also problems.
"Currently, the after-school service for each student in Suzhou is 300 yuan per semester. If you are in school for 20 weeks per semester and 5 days per week, the average person is only 3 yuan per day. Calculated based on 40 students per class, one day of after-school service per class is calculated. The service fee is only 120 yuan. With such data, teachers are not very motivated, and it is difficult to find high-quality off-campus resources to enrich the school’s after-school courses.” He suggested that measures should be formulated to ensure the school’s after-school service funds and increase financial investment. It is a two-pronged approach with parents to take appropriate responsibility.
At this year's National Two Sessions, many CPPCC members focused their attention on after-school services after the "double reduction".
Dai Liyi, member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and vice president of East China Normal University, brought the "Proposal on Actively Responding to the Significant Increase in Teachers' Burden after the "Double Reduction"" to the National Two Sessions.
He listed 3 research reports on teachers' burden. One was the survey led by Li Zhenxi, the dean of the New Education Research Institute and a national outstanding teacher. The total number of valid sample data collected was 6,653, covering 31 provinces across the country ( The second is a survey conducted by an educational media on 9,443 teachers; the third is a questionnaire survey conducted by an educational institution on more than 3,000 English teachers.
The aforementioned surveys all point to an important issue: after the "double reduction", the burden on teachers has increased significantly.
In this proposal, Dai Liyi pointed out that 90.86% of the interviewed teachers chose "no change in teacher evaluation and evaluation"; 95.22% of the interviewed teachers chose "no change in teacher promotion standards".
Evaluation systems across the country have not been adjusted in time with the introduction of the "double reduction" policy.
He suggested that the "double reduction" should become the "No. 1 project" for all localities and schools.
First, it is recommended to improve teachers' salary or increase the number of teachers; second, to widely introduce social forces to participate in after-school services to reduce the additional burden of teachers; third, to improve teachers' evaluation standards and evaluation methods.
"After-school services are mainly to arrange students to complete homework, independent reading, sports, art, popular science activities, labor practice, as well as entertainment games, outreach training, activities in clubs and interest groups, watching videos suitable for children, etc. These arrangements can be related to the society. Resource cooperation includes universities, training institutions, libraries, children's palaces, art galleries, etc., and can also include some training companies." Dai Liyi said that doing so is also conducive to the healthy transformation and development of training companies, and builds a school-led, all-round development. A new pattern of strength and collaborative education.
Zhang Yihe, a member of the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference and a professor of the History Department of East China Normal University, also paid attention to related issues.
In the past six months, he has frequently surveyed various primary and secondary schools in Shanghai and found that some schools are striving to strengthen the construction of extra-curricular resources and provide students with meaningful after-school services, reducing the burden without reducing the "quality"; but more schools' extra-curricular services exist in the form of A single problem with monotonous content is difficult to promote the high-quality development of students.
"The reason is that, for a long time, extracurricular services in schools have not been paid attention to. Most schools set extracurricular services as exercises or self-study courses. The implementation of 'double reduction' is not long, and accumulated learning is difficult to change. Second, school-based resources are insufficient. The utilization channels of high-quality social resources are narrow; third, the introduction of services from non-disciplinary off-campus training institutions lacks organizational guidance, and the service quality is difficult to guarantee; fourth, excessive reliance on the school’s subject teacher resources not only increases the burden on teachers, but also reduces the professionalization of after-school services level." Zhang Yihe said.
To this end, he also suggested organizing the selection of non-disciplinary off-campus training institutions to participate in the construction of on-campus and extra-curricular services, and formulating qualification standards.
Zhang Yihe believes that from the perspective of pilot cities such as Beijing and Shanghai, it is an important option to introduce non-disciplinary off-campus training institutions to participate in after-school services.
He said, "Currently, the proportion and speed of education bureaus and schools introducing social services into schools far exceed expectations, and the socialization of after-school services is about to become a new model. To prevent the risks brought by the new model, education administrative departments should Formulate the qualification standards for after-school service institutions entering the school as soon as possible, organize public declarations, and select and publicize the white list of after-school service institutions entering the school."
Zhang Yihe said that provincial and municipal education administrative departments should also introduce third-party evaluation agencies to evaluate the quality and satisfaction of after-school services provided by social institutions. Resolutely be cleared.
In addition, some democratic parties also focus on the quality of after-school services after the "double reduction".
The proposal of the Central Committee for Democratic Progress suggested that on the basis of arranging students to complete homework, read independently, learn and exchange, and participate in sports, art, science popularization, labor education and other activities, meet the individual needs of students, cultivate students' specialties, and treat talented students. Carry out meritocracy.
The Central Committee of the Democratic League proposed to formulate after-school service catalogs and service access standards, dynamically select service items, and continuously expand the after-school service resource library.
Establish a national compulsory education online education resource public service platform to provide online course resources; they also suggested building a "part-time teacher library" to recruit volunteers, social welfare groups, and high-quality non-disciplinary "whitelist" education and training institutions; The Central Committee of Construction proposed to establish a school after-school service supply deployment platform to form a unified high-quality and systematic after-school service supply in the region.
China Youth Daily, China Youth Daily reporter Wang Yejie Source: China Youth DailyKeywords: