Vaccination of children aged 5 to 11 with the new coronavirus is expected to begin later this month in early regions.



"I want my child to get the vaccine as soon as possible."


"I can't let my child get a strong side reaction."


Various voices were heard online.



We have compiled information you need to know about side reactions that you are concerned about, how to proceed with inoculation, and how to consider the advantages and disadvantages of inoculation.

Inoculation of 5 to 11 years old to start by the end of this month

Vaccination of the new coronavirus for children aged 5 to 11 will be officially officially vaccinated on the 21st, and the vaccine will be delivered to medical institutions and local governments from this week.

Inoculation is expected to begin later this month in early areas.

The amount of active ingredient is one-third of those over 12 years old

Compared to the vaccine for children over 12 years old, the amount of active ingredient inoculated at one time is one-third, and children are inoculated twice at intervals of 3 weeks.

We do not recommend group vaccinations at schools, but the policy is to use group vaccinations by local governments or individual vaccinations at pediatric clinics.

“Not an obligation to make efforts”

Due to insufficient data on the efficacy of Omicron strains, vaccination is not currently an "effort obligation" that requires efforts to be vaccinated like those over 12 years old.



Parental consent is required for vaccination, and the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare encourages children and parents to fully discuss and consult with their doctors to make decisions based on efficacy and safety data.

Children with underlying respiratory illnesses are at high risk of becoming more severe and are encouraged to receive vaccinations.

On the net ...

Regarding inoculation of children, various voices of people who seem to be raising children were heard online.



● People who want to get vaccinated


"I work in a place where I can get the coronavirus at any time, so I want my child to get the vaccine sooner."


"Illness rather than the risk of getting the vaccine. "

The risk after getting the disease is overwhelmingly higher. "



● Voice that you do not want to be vaccinated


" I am against vaccination for children. If you think about the high risk of side reactions, you should protect it. I think that only parents can get the

vaccine . "


" The strong side reaction is that I'm experiencing it with my own body, so I can't let my child hit it.

" I think it's more likely that it's lighter. I'd like to see the vaccination of my child for a few years.

" Then I'm worried. "





Pfizer clinical trial "effect of preventing onset 90.7%"

In clinical trials of Pfizer's vaccine conducted in the United States and Spain on more than 2,200 people aged 5 to 11 years, the effect of preventing the onset was 90.7%, and the symptoms that appeared after inoculation were generally mild to moderate and safe. It is reported that.



In clinical trials, the efficacy and safety were confirmed in more than 1,500 people who receive 10 micrograms, which is one-third the amount of an adult vaccine, twice at 3 weeks, and 750 people who receive a vaccine-like substance, placebo. After

that,


the level of neutralizing antibody rose to the same level as when the vaccine was given between the ages of 16 and 25


. It is said that the effect of preventing the onset was 90.7%

in 3 people who received the vaccine and 16 people who received the placebo


.



● Post-inoculation pain and malaise are also “mostly mild to moderate”


Safety It has been reported that after inoculation, symptoms such as pain and malaise at the inoculated site appeared, but most of them are from 1 to 2 days. It was said that it was settled in about a day and was mild to moderate.

Specific symptoms are:


▽ Pain in the inoculated area is 74% after the first inoculation, 71% after the second inoculation


▽ Malaise is 34% in the first inoculation, 39% in the second inoculation


▽ Headache in the first inoculation

22%, 28% at the second


inoculation ▽ Redness at the inoculation site is 15% at the first time, 19% at the second time


▽ Swelling at the inoculation site is 10% at the first time, 15% at the second time


▽ Myalgia is 9 at the first time %, 12% for the second time


▽ Chills 5% for the first time, 10% for the second time


▽ Fever of 38 degrees or higher was 3% for the first time, 7% for the second time, etc.



14% of people took antipyretics the first time and 20% the second time.

USA 5-11 years old Report of adverse reactions

In the United States, vaccinations for 5 to 11 years old began last November, and the CDC was reported as a post-vaccination adverse event as of December 19, last year, when approximately 8.7 million vaccinations were given. We have published the analysis results for 4249 cases.



In the United States, anyone can report symptoms after vaccination even if they do not know whether it is due to the vaccine, and 4149 cases, which is 97.6% of the reported cases, are not serious.

Specifically, it is as follows.


▽ Vomiting was 316 cases and 7.6%


▽ Fever was 291 cases and 7%


▽ Headache was 255 cases and 6.2%


▽ Fainting was 255 cases and 6.2%


▽ Dizziness was 244 cases and 5.9%


▽ Malaise was 201 cases On the

other



hand, of the 100 cases reported as severe symptoms,


▽ fever was 29 cases and 29%


▽ vomiting was 21 cases and 21%


▽ chest pain was 12 cases and 12%


.



In addition


, ▽ There were 11 people diagnosed with myocarditis, and all of them recovered, so the frequency of myocarditis is significantly lower than that of people over 12 years old.



In addition, two people died after vaccination, but both had a complicated medical history and were in poor health before vaccination, so there is no data showing a causal relationship between death and vaccination. increase.

US CDC “Safe, effective and profitable”

Vaccination is recommended when the benefits of the vaccination outweigh the risks of adverse reactions, and the US CDC = Centers for Disease Control and Prevention is safe, effective and profitable for vaccination of children aged 5 to 11 years. In addition to recommending that it exceeds, it is also recommended in Canada and France.



On the other hand, in the United Kingdom and Germany, it is possible to inoculate children who are at high risk of becoming severely ill or who live with people with weakened immune system.



● Benefits and Risks


The CDC Vaccine Commission said in November last year that the benefits of vaccination of children were that the vaccine would


be effective in preventing infection and aggravation of the new coronavirus and that

it would


not spread to the surrounding area .

▽ While it has been shown that you can spend your time at school with peace of mind,

risks include

▽ short-term side reactions and

▽ whether or not very rare side reactions such as vaccination-induced myocarditis occur

.







"We have to consider the advantages and disadvantages"

Tetsuo Nakayama, a pediatrician and professor at Kitasato University who is familiar with vaccines, says, "We have to consider the advantages of vaccination by children, the disadvantages of side reactions, and the disadvantages of infection."



As a basis for deciding whether or not a child should be vaccinated, "If a child is infected, even if the child is mildly ill, he / she will continue to receive medical treatment at home. Although it is not, there is a high possibility that it will be possible to get rid of it at least mildly. In addition, vaccination may have advantages such as making it difficult for children to bring it into the home such as parents and grandparents living together. Infections are more likely to occur in situations where people are often in close contact with other people and may need to be vaccinated to some extent. "



On top of that, "Children with underlying illnesses that tend to become more severe need to be proactively promoted. However, there is controversy among experts as to whether it is necessary to inoculate all of them. Children's infections are increasing. However, if there are few people who become seriously ill, there may be an idea that it is not necessary to inoculate, but it is not known in advance who will become severely ill. "



"It is important to understand and decide the vaccine by yourself, not by compulsion, and I want you to acquire the scientific view that you should get the correct information and make your own judgment."

Parents' thoughts ...

What do parents with children aged 5 to 11 who are eligible for vaccination think about vaccination?

Do you want to get vaccinated?

<Koto-ku, Tokyo>

Koto-ku, Tokyo is a guardian of children aged 5 to 11 years old who live in the ward and are registered on the official LINE of the ward. We conducted a questionnaire and received responses from more than 2000 people.

When asked if they would like to get


vaccinated, 31.3%


said they would like to get vaccinated as soon as possible


. have become.

Are you worried about inoculation?

<Koto-ku, Tokyo>

Regarding the question of whether or not the inoculation is anxious,


▽ 39.6% answered that they were "very anxious"


and ▽ 49.7% answered that they were "a little anxious", indicating that


many people are considering inoculation while feeling anxious. I did.

In the 23rd ward of Tokyo ...

We asked the 23 wards of Tokyo how to proceed with inoculation to children.



[Reservation acceptance]


▽ 15 wards will start this month, 8 wards will start by the beginning of next month



[Actual inoculation start]


▽ From this month 26 in Adachi ▽ From


this month 28 in Sumida


▽ Other 21 Scheduled from next month in the ward



[How to combine mass inoculation and individual inoculation at medical institutions]


▽ Only two mass inoculation venues in Chiyoda Ward


▽ Chuo Ward, Nakano Ward, Kita Ward, Itabashi Ward, Katsushika Ward, Edogawa In the 6 wards of the ward, only individual inoculation such as clinics is available.


▽ In the other 16 wards, group inoculation and individual inoculation are combined.

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