本报记者 郑莉 郝赫 朱欣
On the eve of the "May 1st" International Labor Day in 2021, 1,594 National May 1st Labor Certificates and Medals and 1,297 National Worker Pioneers were awarded.
They are doctors, nurses, and community volunteers who have stepped forward in the fight against the epidemic. They are corporate employees who have stepped forward in the resumption of work and production.
They lead the glory of labor, noble knowledge, precious talents, and create great social customs, and compose a new chapter of "Chinese Dream, Beauty of Labor".
In 2021, two activities that were quietly launched have caused a loud noise among employees—the "Trade Unions Enter Ten Thousand Homes" survey and condolence activities and the activities of cadres from the national trade union system to go to the grassroots level.
From a set of data, we can see the chain reaction of the activities: the provincial federations of trade unions visited 110,000 model workers and craftsmen, and paid out nearly 100 million yuan of condolences; the working groups formed by the three-level trade unions at the provincial, city and county levels across the country have carried out inclusive benefits. The services benefited 3,281,300 employees, helped 88,100 employees in difficulty, resolved labor relations disputes involving 15,000 employees, and provided legal aid to employees involving 143,100.
In order to solve the problems of employees' distress and longing, and to realize the employees' yearning for a better life, the majority of trade union cadres have the courage to explore and overcome difficulties.
In the vast land of China, in countless factory workshops and community streets, activities such as sending warmth, golden autumn education, sunshine employment, employee mutual aid, legal aid and other activities from trade union organizations, as well as union outdoor labor services integrated into the streets and alleys The site, with every step forward and every measure, strives to improve the quality of life of employees.
The forging ahead China, the struggling us, ushered in a new page - in 2022, the Communist Party of China will hold the 20th National Congress.
Based on the "two overall situation" and with the "bigger of the country" in mind, the trade unions at all levels will forge ahead with unremitting struggle, unite and guide the majority of workers to contribute wisdom and strength to the prosperity of the country, the rejuvenation of the nation, and the happiness of the people, and meet the party's second goal with practical actions. Ten victories held.
"In-depth study and implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions on the work of the working class and trade unions" published
[Event 1] Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary Xi Jinping has delivered important speeches and made important instructions on the work of the working class and trade unions. Innovative development provides theoretical guidance and action guidelines.
On July 29, 2021, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions held a forum on the publication of "In-depth study and implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions on the working class and trade union work" in Beijing, to discuss how to solidly promote the study and implementation of work to further deepen and implement the work.
Studying and implementing General Secretary Xi Jinping's important expositions on the work of the working class and trade unions is an important long-term political task.
The "In-depth Study and Implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping's Important Expositions on the Work of the Working Class and Trade Unions", which took more than three years to compile and complete by the special forces of the ACFTU, was published after being reviewed and approved by the State Press and Publication Administration as a major topic.
This book systematically interprets and interprets important discourses, and is an important phased achievement of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions and trade unions at all levels to study and implement important discourses in recent years.
The ACFTU adheres to taking theoretical arming as its primary political task, guarantees political firmness with theoretical sobriety, takes a clear-cut stand on politics, considers the overall situation and abides by the rules, undertakes political responsibilities with due diligence, strengthens the trust and support of the majority of workers in the Party Central Committee, and inspires unity, struggle, The spirit of an entrepreneur.
In 2021, more breakthroughs will be made in strengthening the theoretical armed forces of trade unions. On September 29, the think tank of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions was officially established. Provide intellectual support for the innovation and development of trade union work.
Think tanks will also become an important way to explore a new way out of trade union theory research.
After the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the ACFTU promptly held the chairman's meeting, the party group meeting, the party group theory study center group study meeting, held special counseling reports, special training courses, etc., combined with the study and implementation of General Secretary Xi Jinping's celebration of the founding of the Communist Party of China. The spirit of the important speech at the 100th anniversary conference, earnestly study and understand the spirit of the Sixth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the Party, set off a learning climax, and continuously deepen understanding.
In-depth development of party history learning and education
[Event 2] On March 2, 2021, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions held a party history study and education mobilization conference. Since then, a huge party history study and education in the trade union system has run throughout the year.
Go to the History Exhibition Hall of the Communist Party of China to relive the oath of joining the party; walk into the old site of the red labor movement and feel the magnificent movement of the party-led labor movement from Shikumen to Tiananmen; on the stage of the theme reading activity, the employees vividly interpret the heroic model "Dedicate everything to The lofty spirit and touching deeds of the "Party"; from the homes of difficult workers to the factory floor, trade union cadres threw themselves down and integrated into the grassroots to check the facts and solve problems.
The practical measures full of the characteristics of the word "work" allow people to draw wisdom and strength from reviewing the party's century-old struggle, and set a strong footnote for the trade union system to carry out party history learning and education.
Through various activities, trade unions at all levels educate and guide workers to fully understand why the Communist Party of China "can", why Marxism "works", and why socialism with Chinese characteristics "Good", he continued the red bloodline in learning and education, and fortified his original mission, which inspired the enthusiasm for promoting the innovation and development of the party's labor movement and trade union work.
Trade unions at all levels have carried out in-depth practical activities of "I do practical things for the masses", transforming the knowledge learned and the laws mastered into visible and tangible results for the workers and the masses.
It is understood that in the investigation and condolence activities of “Trade Unions Entering Ten Thousand Homes”, only the leaders of the ACFTU visited 14 provinces and paid out 3.778 million yuan of condolences.
The ACFTU and trade unions at all levels focus on strengthening the research, interpretation, publicity and utilization of the cultural resources of the red labor movement, and promote the protection, management and utilization of the cultural resources of the red labor movement.
The ACFTU launched a series of red literary and artistic works such as "Song of the Striver", a large-scale scene song and dance epic, and a large-scale symphony group song "Hundreds of Millions of Workers' Hearts to the Party".
At the same time, the ACFTU and the Shanghai Municipal Committee of the Communist Party of China jointly held a symposium to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the establishment of the Secretariat of the Chinese Labor Combination, summarizing and reviewing the experience and enlightenment of the party's early leadership of the labor movement.
The second batch of pilot projects for the construction and reform of the industrial workforce
[Event 3] On April 21, 2021, the National Working Experience Exchange Meeting on Promoting Industrial Workforce Construction and Reform was held in Wuxi City, Jiangsu Province, to exchange and summarize the experience of the first batch of reform pilots, and make arrangements for the next pilot work.
The second batch of pilot projects for the construction and reform of the industrial workforce will be carried out in 12 pilot units and will be carried out in a project-based manner. New progress was made in the overall promotion of reform.
2021 has been identified as the "Year of Reform and Improvement of Industrial Workforce Construction".
This year, focusing on the mechanism, the pilot program, and the overall planning, the ACFTU has improved and implemented the coordination group and office working mechanism, training exchange mechanism, classified guidance mechanism, industrial trade union role play mechanism, and promoted enterprises to pay attention to and actively promote the reform mechanism. , evaluation and assessment mechanism, etc., hold special training courses on deepening the construction and reform of industrial workers, and carry out effectiveness evaluation.
All localities promoted the incorporation of the reform of the construction of the industrial workforce into the overall deployment of local and enterprise reforms.
At present, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, the State Council and relevant departments have issued more than 90 supporting documents for reform, the ACFTU has issued more than 20 relevant documents, and 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have issued reform implementation plans and supporting policy documents.
Over the past four years, the construction and reform of the industrial workforce has achieved remarkable results: 97.5% of non-public enterprises with party members have established party organizations; the national leading labor and skills competitions have been carried out around key projects, with more than 60,000 participating enterprises and 15 million employees participating in the competition ; "Skilled Country - National Industrial Worker Skills Learning Platform" has trained more than 100 million employees; 30 provincial-level trade unions are equipped with 44 part-time vice-chairmen for industrial workers; there are more than 200 million skilled laborers nationwide, and more than 50 million high-skilled talents people.
In particular, focusing on the work of innovative industrial trade unions, the ACFTU has carried out activities of "big study", "big research", "big visit", "big exchange", "big practice" and "big support" to promote the work of industrial trade unions in the overall situation of the party and the country and the trade unions. role in the overall work environment.
The "14th Five-Year Plan" of the trade union was formulated and issued
[Event 4] On July 21, 2021, a message swept the circle of friends of trade union officials: the All-China Federation of Trade Unions formulated and released the "14th Five-Year Plan for China's Labour Movement and Trade Union Work", which aims to strengthen the ideological and political guidance of employees, Deepen the construction and reform of the industrial workforce, hold high the banner of safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of employees, establish and improve a high-standard employee service system, build harmonious labor relations, speed up the construction of smart trade unions, deepen exchanges and cooperation between trade unions and employees, deepen trade union reform and innovation, and strengthen the party system of the trade union system. The planning and deployment of the key work of the trade union in 9 aspects, including the construction of the labor union, is an important guide for the labor movement and the work of the trade union in the next five years and a longer period of time.
The 24,000-word "Plan" clarifies the task book, timetable, and roadmap for future trade union work, and responds to the call of the times and the expectations of the workers and trade unions at all levels.
On the basis of seeking truth from facts and scientific analysis, the "Planning" researches and proposes 18 data indicators from four aspects: quality improvement, precise service, legal rights protection, and organizational construction, and puts forward clear quantitative requirements for trade union work.
For example, during the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, trade unions at all levels raised more than 3 billion yuan in warm-up funds each year, visited and condoled more than 5 million workers of various types; the national trade unions organized model workers and workers to recuperate each year to reach 5 million person-times; 10,000 employees, especially migrant workers, have improved their educational levels, and an average of 200,000 domestic service workers have been trained annually.
It is foreseeable that tens of millions of workers will benefit from it.
It is worth noting that the drafting of the "Plan" took more than 6 months. The ACFTU insisted on brainstorming and promoting democracy. Through soliciting opinions, holding seminars, holding expert discussion meetings, and carrying out suggestions and suggestions, trade unions and model workers at all levels. We solicited opinions from front-line workers, experts and scholars, relevant ministries and commissions of the central and national governments, and groups and organizations, and gathered the wisdom of all parties. process.
Trade Union Law Amendments
[Event 5] On December 24, 2021, a heavy news came: the thirty-second meeting of the Standing Committee of the Thirteenth National People's Congress completed the revision of the "Trade Union Law of the People's Republic of China", starting from January 1, 2022 effective from today.
This is the first substantive revision in 20 years, involving 23 articles, adding 1 article, covering adherence to the party's leadership, improving the guiding ideology, expanding basic responsibilities, improving membership rights, clarifying the legal status of the reform of industrial workforce construction, enriching All aspects of trade union work, including the means and content of trade union rights protection services.
The current Trade Union Law, promulgated and implemented in 1992, is an important law that clarifies the legal status and work responsibilities of trade unions.
This revision adapts to the requirements of the times and responds to the expectations of employees.
The newly revised Trade Union Law incorporates Xi Jinping Thought on Socialism with Chinese Characteristics for a New Era into the general principles, further highlights adherence to the Party's leadership, and maintains and enhances its political, advanced, and mass character.
It is worth noting that this revision reflects the new requirements for the reform of the construction of the industrial workforce, and clarifies the rights of workers in new employment forms and social organizations to participate in and organize trade unions.
At the same time, the newly revised Trade Union Law improves the basic responsibilities of trade unions, and further expands them to "protect the legitimate rights and interests of employees and serve the masses of employees wholeheartedly"; make a good connection with relevant laws, and clarify that federations of trade unions at and above the county level can legally Provide legal services such as legal aid to affiliated trade unions and employees.
The vitality of the law lies in its implementation.
In order to promote the effective implementation of the various systems established by the Trade Union Law, the ACFTU convened a national meeting on the study, publicity and implementation of the Trade Union Law of the People's Republic of China, and issued a notice on the study, publicity and implementation of the Trade Union Law, requiring trade unions at all levels to Consciously accepting the leadership of the party is closely integrated with the independent work in accordance with the trade union law and trade union regulations; effectively strengthen the ideological and political guidance of employees; promote the construction and reform of the industrial workforce; The trade union came; fully perform the basic duties of trade union rights protection services.
Cadres at the grassroots level of trade union organs
[Event 6] On May 11, 2021, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions held a mobilization meeting for cadres to go to the grassroots to stay at the grassroots level.
Focusing on effectively solving the difficulties at the grassroots level, the troubles of the workers and the masses, and dealing with new problems and challenges faced by the trade union work, this large-scale action for cadres covering the national trade union system to go to the grassroots level will kick off at the turn of the spring and summer of 2021. .
Different from traditional research visits, this squatting activity strives to achieve "one pole in the end".
The ACFTU clearly regards township (street), development zone (industrial park) trade unions as well as regional and industrial trade unions below the county level as resident units, focusing on the areas where labor relations are contradictory, trade union work is weak, and enterprises without trade unions are located.
Different from the past condolences and warmth, this squatting activity has a more arduous task.
The National Headquarters put forward three difficult problems and "four batches" goals for the first batch of cadres who must focus on breakthroughs, namely: focus on expanding the coverage of the organization, focus on maintaining political security in the labor field, and focus on maintaining the new employment form. It is the rights and interests of truck drivers, online car-hailing drivers, couriers, takeaway delivery staff, etc. It is necessary to promote the solution of a number of problems, accomplish a number of practical things, form a number of achievements, and train a group of cadres.
With arduous tasks and simple luggage, the first batch of cadres of the ACFTU left the ACFTU building on West Chang'an Avenue, Beijing, and went to 15 provinces and cities, trying to find difficulties and blockages at the grass-roots level and solve the problems and worries of the workers and the masses. Problems, to find pragmatic and effective flashing wisdom for solving difficult problems.
Driven by the general organs, trade union cadres at all levels have devoted themselves to the fiery practice at the grass-roots level.
By the end of November 2021, a total of 4,488 labor unions at the provincial, city and county levels across the country had formed 4,488 working groups, and nearly 13,000 cadres of labor union organs had gone to the grassroots to stay in the field, including leading cadres at or above the vice-chairman level of the local trade unions who led the teams to stay in the field and contact and provide guidance. reached 4230 people.
Start the pilot work to improve the quality of life of employees
[Event 7] On May 31, 2021, the summary and commendation meeting for the relief work of urban employees in difficulty was held in Beijing.
The meeting proposed to continuously consolidate and expand the achievements of urban employees in difficulty and continue to improve the quality of life of employees.
Seven months later, the All-China Federation of Trade Unions issued a notice, identifying 20 units including the Beijing Haidian District Employee Service (Assistance) Center and 50 enterprises (industrial parks) including Shougang Group as pilot units of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions to improve the quality of life of employees.
According to statistics, all 31 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) in the country have issued specific implementation opinions to incorporate the construction of harmonious labor relations into local economic and social development plans and the government's target responsibility assessment system; 30 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) have issued collective contracts or collective wages Negotiation regulations, 29 provinces (autonomous regions and municipalities) promulgated democratic management regulations, and 11 provinces promulgated labor union labor laws supervision regulations.
In response to the expectations of employees, trade unions at all levels have continuously improved the quality of rights protection services.
For example, a total of 7.32 million person-times of employment services and 1.53 million person-times of employment skills training were provided; collective consultations were carried out in the food delivery and food delivery industries; "Joining Hands to Build Dreams" to serve migrant workers' public welfare legal service actions, etc., and improve the employees' sense of happiness, happiness, and security in the effective performance of their basic duties.
Concentrated action for new employment form workers to join the union
[Event 10] On October 28, 2021, an online membership ceremony for employees of non-public express delivery companies was held in Tonglu County, Hangzhou City, Zhejiang Province. At more than 100 venues in Beijing, Hebei, and Inner Mongolia, 50,000 couriers were online. Concentrate on swearing to join the union at the same time.
This is a vivid practice of the All-China Federation of Trade Unions in 2021 to carry out the "concentrated action for new employment forms of laborers to join the union".
Promoting the membership of workers in the new employment form is an inevitable requirement for promoting the long-term and healthy development of the platform economy and performing the basic duties of trade union rights protection services.
In 2021, the ACFTU will set up a leading group to promote labor unions in new forms of employment, launch the "concentrated action for new forms of employment to join labor unions", and formulate the "Opinions on Effectively Safeguarding Labor Security Rights and Interests of Workers in New Forms of Employment" and "On Strengthening Social Security". Documents such as Opinions on Organizing Trade Union Construction (Trial), and Several Opinions on Promoting the Work of Laborers in New Employment Forms (Trial), provide guidelines for the promotion of labor unions in new forms of employment and rights protection services.
The national trade unions give full play to the leading role of the leading enterprises on the platform, explore the model of "key construction, industry construction, and bottom-line construction", implement online membership, hold centralized membership ceremonies, etc., and improve the long-term mechanism for new employment forms of workers to join the union. .
At the same time, implement the new employment form labor membership project system, and create a group of regional and industry trade union federations.
At present, 12 leading companies in 4 key industries including SF Express and JD.com have all established unions, and a number of platform companies such as Pinduoduo, Kuaigou Taxi, and Pupu have also established labor unions.
From January to October 2021, there will be more than 3.5 million workers with new development and new employment forms nationwide.