本报记者 牛春梅

  发髻上簪着花,身上穿着绣花的传统服装,各种传统纹样极其精美,眉眼间是开心的笑,脚下踩的却是雪橇、雪板,15个冬奥项目被一一展现……龙在天皮影艺术剧院近日推出冬奥系列作品,冬奥主题皮影戏、冰雪主题皮影艺术作品,晶莹剔透的皮影与冰雪似乎有一种天然的亲切,让皮影与体育的这次互动显得格外和谐。

  “皮影是一种传统文化艺术,也是一种载体,它可以为社会服务,所以我们会根据不同时间段、不同社会热点推出不同的创作。”龙在天皮影艺术剧院负责人、京西皮影戏非遗传承人王熙说,皮影艺术的独特性让它在诠释社会热点的时候更容易吸引观众,让人眼前一亮,达到更好的宣传效果,所以“龙在天”在探索皮影艺术发展的同时,也一直追着热点进行创作。从2020年到现在,光是抗疫主题的皮影短视频就做了十几个,网上播放量过亿次,加上垃圾分类、光盘行动、大运河、中轴线等主题的皮影戏短视频共有三四十个。

  王熙说,北京成为“双奥”之城是让每个人都自豪的事情,皮影人也想表达出自己一份心意。2008年,他们曾制作了福娃形象的皮影,这次冬奥主题的作品是从2020年开始研发的。“皮影的晶莹剔透与冰雪的气质契合,非常适合演绎冬奥题材。”他们根据冬奥会跳台滑雪、俯式冰橇、花样滑冰、冰球、冰壶等15个运动项目,研发了15件“冰雪”皮影精雕作品,打造成系列冰雪主题皮影壁灯。

  The designers of "Dragon in the Sky" spent nearly three months in research and development, and after three rounds of screening, they determined the traditional and modern design.

Although the filmmakers are showing modern ice and snow sports, their images are very traditional, with traditional colors such as plum dyeing, crow green, and grass as the background color, incorporating auspicious elements such as phoenix, peony, flame, etc. With delicate buttons and cuffs.

In addition to ice and snow sports shadow figures, they also designed snowflake-shaped shadow puppet earrings and car accessories.

In 2020, this set of works was awarded the "Best Winter Olympics Praise Award" by the Beijing Disabled Persons' Federation, affirming that they have skillfully integrated the millennium intangible cultural heritage with the ice and snow sports, and used the form of folk art to express the spirit of the Winter Olympics from a folk perspective.

Wang Xi said that these works are very popular, and the Beijing Women's Federation ordered 200 of them, which will be placed in the athletes' rooms in the Winter Olympic Village and given to them as gifts from Beijing.

  "One swallow-wing step, turning around, spinning, throwing and jumping, and landing smoothly..." The two shadow puppet players are performing figure skating. Sometimes they hug each other, sometimes they spin, and they can even perform the difficult movements of throwing and jumping. Become a sports commentator.

During the performance of ice hockey, the ice hockey moved with the fierce competition between the two shadow puppet players.

  In addition to static filmmakers, "Dragon Zaitian" also produced shadow puppets "Snow Games" and "Looking for Snow Maiden", which are performed in theaters every weekend, and sometimes go to campus to teach children to make and perform.

Wang Xi said that the production of shadow puppet images for ice and snow sports is not difficult, but the performance is much more difficult than traditional performances. "The shadow puppet image is flat, and some sports can be performed, but it is difficult to perform sports such as figure skating. It’s hard to perform slalom, lift and throw.” In order to perform more vividly, lifts, throws, and rotations were all run-in for two or three hundred times before finding the most suitable method. After 3 months of rehearsal , the play was finished.

  In a traditional shadow puppet show, the role is mainly controlled by three poles, and one actor can operate all of them. However, to show the image of an athlete, at least five poles are required, and three actors can cooperate to complete it.

As a result, the backstage is always very crowded.

However, it was very satisfying to hear the cheerful laughter of the children in the background.

Keywords: