On the 20th, in Futaba Town, Fukushima Prefecture, which is the only municipality around the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station where evacuation of all residents continues, "preparatory accommodation" has begun to sleep at home etc. in preparation for returning. ..
Futaba Town, where the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant is located, has been instructed to evacuate for the most part due to the accident 11 years ago, and is the only municipality around the nuclear power plant that continues to evacuate all residents.
The town is aiming to start the return of residents from June, and before this, on the 20th, "preparatory accommodation" to sleep at home etc. to prepare for the reconstruction of life started.
At the liaison office of the town hall adjacent to JR Futaba Station, reception started at 9 am, and residents who visited from the evacuation site had to go through the procedure.
It is the first time that residents can sleep in Futaba Town since they evacuated due to the nuclear accident.
Along with the start of preparatory accommodation, crime prevention patrols and restoration work of the water supply of the building where the residents sleep are being carried out from the morning of the 20th.
The target of the preparatory accommodation is the northeastern part of the town where the evacuation order was lifted, and the area around JR Futaba Station where decontamination and infrastructure development are being promoted to lift the evacuation order in the difficult-to-return area. It is equivalent to 15% of.
As of the end of last month, 3613 people from 1455 households, or about 65% of the total population of the town, are registered in the area.
However, many people gave up returning due to the dismantling of more than 900 buildings due to decontamination, etc., and by the 19th, only 15 people from 11 households applied for preparatory accommodation.
Living infrastructure is not fully prepared
Preparation accommodation in Futaba Town will start on the 20th, but the living infrastructure is not fully equipped.
There are still some places where water is not available at the homes of residents who want to stay in preparation, and there are not enough places to buy groceries and daily necessities.
In addition, there are no prospects for reopening the five medical institutions in the town before the earthquake, and the town plans to build a new clinic near JR Futaba Station, but for a while it is a medical institution outside the town. You need to take advantage of.
20 cases to the location of companies as a measure to promote return
Futaba Town is developing an industrial complex in the northeastern Nakano area to receive employment in order to promote the return of residents.
So far, 20 companies have been located, including 13 new companies from outside the town such as the construction industry and manufacturing industry.
By securing a place to work, the town wants to create an environment where evacuated residents can easily return, and then welcome new residents working in the industrial complex to increase the population of the town.
On the other hand, the ratio of job offers to applicants in the Soso area around the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant was 1.85 times as of November last year, which is much higher than the average of 1.38 times for the entire prefecture, and a serious labor shortage continues.
Although there are many job offers in reconstruction projects, many people do not return to their hometown even after the evacuation order is lifted, so the challenge is how to match the companies in the industrial zone with those who want to work.
The evacuation order will be lifted around the station in June, but the time remains undecided.
Futaba Town, Fukushima Prefecture, was instructed to evacuate the entire area due to the nuclear accident, and in April 2011, the function of the government office was moved to Kazo City, Saitama Prefecture. I moved to Iwaki City, Fukushima Prefecture, where I live.
While the return of residents from the surrounding municipalities began, the evacuation order for areas such as the northeastern part of the town, which accounts for 5% of the area, was lifted in March, but the environment for residents to return to live is in place, such as infrastructure development. did not.
In June, we plan to lift the evacuation order around JR Futaba Station, which is proceeding with decontamination and infrastructure development in the difficult-to-return areas, and will start returning residents together with the northeastern area. I am aiming for that.
On the other hand, in the remaining areas, the time to lift the evacuation order has not been decided, but in August last year, the government decontaminated the necessary parts after confirming the residents' intentions so that those who wish to return in the 2020s. , We will proceed with the cancellation efforts. "
Evacuation order cancellation The slower the return, the more severe
In Fukushima Prefecture, evacuation orders were issued to all or part of 11 municipalities after the nuclear accident, and since April 2014, evacuation orders have been gradually lifted, and residents are being returned to 10 municipalities except Futaba Town. rice field.
However, the status of return varies greatly depending on the time of cancellation.
As of January 1, the percentage of people who are actually living in the area where the evacuation order was lifted
is 62% in Naraha Town, which was lifted in September 2015,
▼ 2016 Minamisoma City, where the evacuation order was lifted in July, was 58%,
which is higher in the area where the evacuation order was lifted relatively early.
On the other hand,
▼ Namie Town, which was canceled in March 2017, accounted for 11%, and
▼ Tomioka Town, which was canceled in April 2017, accounted for 21%
Last year, when the Reconstruction Agency asked the residents of Futaba Town about their intention to return,
▼ "I want to return" was 11.3%, while
▼ "I have decided not to return" was 60.5%. ,
▼ "I can't make a decision yet" was 24.8%, and it has been
almost 11 years since the nuclear accident, and as the life at the evacuation site has become established, it is becoming more and more difficult to promote the return of residents.Keywords: