Vocational education can still cultivate engineering talents

  For the students of Beijing Changping Vocational School (hereinafter referred to as "Chang Vocation"), secondary vocational education is not the end of vocational education, but the starting point.

In the study of theory combined with practice, vocational education lights up their career paths ahead of time.

  "My classmates in general school may not have thought about what to do now, but I already had a clear career direction when I was 18 years old." Liu Yan, a 2021 junior college student majoring in pre-school education, has a firm tone.

After graduating from junior high school, she chose to study in this school. The high-level vocational education mode now allows her to successfully enter the junior college. In the future, she decides to continue her studies and obtain a bachelor's degree.

  "Vocational education can still train engineering talents such as undergraduates and even masters and doctors. As the country pays more and more attention to vocational education, the entire education system is changing." Zheng Yanqiu, vice president of Changzhou Vocational College, said that the school is based on the industrial structure of Beijing and Changping District. , In-depth integration with the enterprise, providing a platform for practice, so that students have more possibilities in the future.

 Combining theory with practice, students are learning by doing

  On October 29, when a large digital screen the size of a movie screen was placed in the center of the hall of the teaching building and looking at the colorful school epidemic prevention and control chart above, Han Ziyang's face was crossed with a confident smile, "This thing is I did it."

  Han Ziyang is a 2019 student in the Information Technology Department of Changzhou Vocational College. After graduating from junior high school, he chose to receive vocational education.

  Secondary vocational and general high school are two learning modes. In the first year of high school, Han Ziyang had a deep experience: follow the teacher to visit Lenovo and Tencent to get in touch with and understand the corporate culture; participate in the internship of the digital information project in the town government; participate in the past three years After four professional skill competitions, Han Ziyang has learned completely in practice.

  Last year, his internship experience in the construction project of the Shahe Town Government's convenience service hotline platform allowed him to identify his career direction-to be a big data operation and maintenance engineer.

During the two-month internship, he was responsible for the operation and maintenance of the platform. For example, he could use big data to classify and enter the citizens’ hotlines related to heating and epidemics, and then hand them over to the corresponding staff and dispatch them to the government’s various functional departments. Time to solve the problem.

  "This gave me a detailed understanding of the work process of the convenience service hotline, and realized that the team has a clear division of labor before the project can proceed smoothly." Han Ziyang said that these experiences enable me to better apply theoretical knowledge in practice.

For example, this time he and his classmates developed the school's epidemic prevention and control database, using the professional capabilities of data analysis and data visualization.

  The database includes data such as the number of online and offline students learning in the school, the teaching progress of teachers, the number of people in high-risk areas, and the number of vaccinations, etc., which are displayed in real time on the school's big screen in charts such as ring charts, pie charts, and bar statistics.

The daily updated dynamic data allows the school teachers and students to understand the situation of the school’s epidemic prevention and control at a glance.

 The integration of production and education must rely on enterprises to run majors

  Han Ziyang's practical experience is just a microcosm of the many students in the school.

The integration of production and education has always been the key to the school’s vocational education. For many years, Changzhou has insisted on building majors in the industrial structure of Beijing and Changping District. There are 7 major professional groups, including aviation services, automobile application and maintenance, and big data technology applications. , Pre-school education, film and television post-production, e-commerce, ice and snow sports and other 41 majors, the degree of professional and industrial fit is 100%.

  "To run any major, there must be a cooperative enterprise. From course setting to base joint construction, especially the training of teachers, vocational education must have deep cooperation between schools and enterprises." According to Zheng Yanqiu, vice president of Changzhou Vocational College, the school's professional settings are all from the market. The regional industrial structure, economic situation, and market demand set up majors.

"Every time we open a new major, it takes half a year to a year. We will find leading companies in Beijing for in-depth cooperation and research to achieve a very integrated development state."

  Zheng Yanqiu, for example, said that in 2015, the school began to jointly run schools with enterprises in the model of an engineering school. At present, 15 engineering schools have been built, such as Lenovo Engineering College, Jingdong Industry-Education Integration College, Volkswagen, and BMW training base... For corporate "order classes", courses will be updated at any time according to professional settings.

  Zheng Yanqiu introduced that in-depth cooperation with enterprises is also conducive to the rapid renewal and iteration of majors. The current majors of the school have undergone a "exchange" in the past few years.

In the past five years, the emergence of new technologies, new industries, and new business formats, the emergence of artificial intelligence and big data technologies, such as smart agriculture, smart cars, etc. The new majors in schools are also closely related to the digital economy.

Enterprises encourage teachers to enter the enterprise for training and exchange

  On the afternoon of November 11th, Zheng Yanqiu led the team just after demonstrating the opening of a new major, and plans to launch the major of "Nursery for Children from Zero to Three Years Old".

He stated that with the liberalization of second and third births in the country, there is a human burden for families to raise children. Vocational education should assume this social responsibility, cultivate talents for childcare, and send them to the society.

  In the context of continuous renewal and iteration of the profession, there is bound to be a test of the strength of teachers.

Zheng Yanqiu introduced that for every major, it is necessary to prepare the source of teachers in advance.

The first is the introduction of talents. The school will set standards and rely on social recruitment and school recruitment.

Secondly, in-depth cooperation with the company, let the people of the company give lectures, and promote the "apprenticeship" and "order-based" training.

  Third, promote the transformation of school teachers and send their own teachers to relevant institutions and enterprises for systematic learning.

"For example, when the general aircraft maintenance major was opened in 2018, three teachers of CNC technology were sent to Tianjin Civil Aviation University to study for half a year and intern at the General Aviation Airport for half a year to make systematic transformation and improvement." Zheng Yanqiu said.

The school requires teachers to have the "four abilities", that is, stand firm on the platform, drive the lathe, find the market accurately, and complete the project.

In addition to training students, teachers of the school must also receive training and promotion at any time, continuously participate in enterprise and market research, and grasp the latest industry data.

  "We have to adjust the talent training program and courses according to the actual situation of the enterprise every year, so that we can bring the newly developed format into the teaching." Guo Tingting, a teacher of the Aviation Services Department of Changzhou Vocational College, introduced.

  The school also encourages teachers to do projects and teaching research.

After a series of efforts, it is very obvious to the teachers that in the past two years, many very good children have entered vocational schools. "Especially I feel that this year’s student base is improving, many majors are full, and people continue to come to consult. Can I study here? I used to wait passively for students to choose, but now I can actively choose students.” Zheng Yanqiu said with emotion.

  In the future, the school plans to cultivate compound talents with one specialty and multiple abilities.

"Secondary vocational education should not be a passive choice for students to take the path of vocational education. We want students to see that they will have more choices when they come. They can choose majors, they can choose academic qualifications to improve, and they can take cross-professional elective courses. We make students really interested in the fields that he may be engaged in in his life." Zheng Yanqiu said.

  Written by/The Beijing News reporter Liu Yang