On October 14, China successfully launched the first solar exploration satellite "Xihe", marking that China has officially entered the era of "sun exploration".

At 0:23 this morning, the Shenzhou 13 manned spacecraft carried three astronauts into the air, starting the Chinese people's feat of exploring space again.

The Chinese have had the dream of flying to the sky since ancient times.

"Tiangong" space station, "Chang'e" to the moon, "Zhu Rong" to explore the fire, "Xihe" to explore the sun...From ancient mythical dreams to the rapid development of the aerospace industry after the founding of New China, the Chinese are step by step to touch higher Farther space, explore near-Earth space, explore the moon, explore Mars, explore the sun, explore the mystery of mysterious space, and turn ancient mythical dreams into reality.

China's aerospace industry is deeply embedded in the imprint of traditional culture.

For example, the naming of aerospace projects cleverly borrows ancient myths and stories, which is full of Chinese romanticism and fits the characteristics of spacecraft, showing the perfect integration of modern technology and traditional culture, reflecting the scientific spirit and romantic feelings of Chinese astronauts. With the spirit of exploration and cultural self-confidence of the Chinese.

  -Zhu Rong Exploring the Fire

  ◎ Myths and legends

  Zhu Rong is the god of fire in ancient mythology, and it is recorded in dozens of ancient books such as "Zuo Zhuan", "Historical Records", "Shan Hai Jing" and "Book of Rites".

  According to legend, Hengshan Mountain in Nanyue, one of the Five Sacred Mountains of China, in Hunan today, was the place where Zhu Rong administers fire politics and manages southern affairs.

After Zhu Rong's death, people commemorated him with the name of the highest peak of Mount Hengshan.

Today, the "Zhu Rong Peak" of Nanyue Hengshan is soaring above the sky, and there is a "Zhu Rong Hall" on the top of the mountain.

According to Kuang Shunian, a local cultural and historical expert in Nanyue, the original meaning of "blessing" in the ancient saying is the tribal leader and religious leader who presided over major ceremonies in ancient times. "Rong" means bright.

Therefore, "Zhu Rong" means to lead the government to the bright, which can be extended to chase and yearn for the bright.

Zhu Rong

"Zhurong" Mars Rover

  ◎ Space practice

  The first Mars rover was named Zhurong, and Vulcan corresponds to Mars.

  At 7:18 on May 15, 2021, the scientific research team confirmed according to the telemetry signal sent by the "Zhurong" Mars rover that the Tianwen 1 Landing Patrol successfully landed in the pre-selected landing area in the southern Utopia Plain of Mars, May 22, 10 At about 40, the "Zhu Rong" rover had safely left the landing platform and reached the surface of Mars to begin inspections.

  Zhu Rong is revered as the god of fire in traditional Chinese culture, symbolizing that our ancestors used fire to illuminate the earth and bring light.

The first Mars rover was named "Zhu Rong", which means to ignite the fire of our country's interstellar exploration, and guide mankind to continue exploration and self-transcendence in the vast starry sky and the unknown universe.

  ◎ "Heaven Asks" Asks the Sky

  "Tianwen" comes from Qu Yuan's long poem "Tianwen", which is a four-character long poem. Qu Yuan asked more than 170 questions in the poem.

Among them, many questions are related to the universe. Qu Yuan asked questions about the rising and falling of the sun, the moon, and the position of the sun, moon, and stars.

More than two thousand years later, the Mars probe "Tianwen No. 1" took off, taking the Chinese nation's exploration of nature from ancient times to the present. The pursuit of the ancients echoes the exploration of today's people.

  On January 11, 2016, China formally approved the first Mars exploration mission, and the China Mars exploration mission was officially established.

On April 24, 2020, China's planetary exploration mission was named "Tianwen Series", the first Mars exploration was identified as "Nine Stars", the first Mars exploration mission was named "Tianwen No. 1", and subsequent planetary missions were numbered sequentially.

At 12:41 on July 23, 2020, the Long March 5 Yaosi carrier rocket lifted China's first Mars exploration mission "Tianwen-1" probe and ignited at the Wenchang Space Launch Site.

On March 4, 2021, China National Space Administration released three high-definition images of Mars taken by China's first Mars exploration mission, Tianwen-1.


"Yutu" lunar rover

  -Chang'e flying to the moon

  ◎ Myths and legends

  Chang'e Flying to the Moon comes from ancient Chinese myths and legends. It tells the story of Chang'e being forced by Pang Meng, and in desperation, he flew to the moon palace after taking a pill of immortality given to her husband Hou Yi by the Queen Mother of the West.

Existing written records first appeared in ancient books such as "Huainanzi". It is said that Yi's wife was called Heng'e. Because the people of the Han Dynasty avoided the taboo of the then emperor Liu Heng, her name was later changed to Chang'e.

The myth of "Chang'e Flying to the Moon" originated from the ancient people's worship of the stars, and contains the Chinese nation's yearning for the moon.

  ◎ Space practice

  In 2004, China officially launched the lunar exploration project and named it the "Chang'e Project."

The Chang'e project is divided into three phases: "unmanned lunar exploration", "manned landing on the moon" and "establishment of a lunar base".

From 18:05 on October 24, 2007, the "Chang'e-1" was successfully launched into space. After successfully completing various missions, it hit the moon as scheduled in 2009. Until December 17, 2020, Chang'e 5 The returner carried lunar samples back and completed the "circle", "fall" and "return", bringing China's aerospace technology to a new level.

  ◎ Myths and legends

  Yutu, also known as Moon Rabbit, is a divine beast in ancient Chinese myths and legends. It lives on the moon and is responsible for making medicine in the moon palace. Folklore is the incarnation or pet of Chang'e.

The image of Yutu is kind, pure, and agile. It is similar to the structure and mission of the lunar rover, reflecting China's position in the peaceful use of space.

  ◎ Space practice

  The "Yutu" is China's first lunar rover, and it forms the Chang'e-3 probe together with the lander.

  At 1:30 on December 2, 2013, China successfully put the Chang'e-3 probe into orbit at the Xichang Satellite Launch Center.

  At 4:35 on December 15, 2013, the Chang'e-3 lander separated from the rover, and the "Yutu" rover successfully reached the surface of the moon.

  On the evening of July 31, 2016, the "Yutu" lunar rover overfulfilled its mission, stopped working, and the lander was in good condition.

The "Jade Rabbit" has worked on the moon for 972 days. It is China's first footprint on the moon, and it has far-reaching significance.

"Tiangong" space station

  -Tiangong Space Station

  ◎ Myths and legends

  Tiangong, also known as Ziwei Palace, is the palace where the Emperor of Heaven lives in Chinese myths and legends.

Ever since Pangu broke the Harmony, the world has never known the geometry.

West Kunlun is opposite to the Yaochi of the Queen Mother of the West. The Yaochi turns water into clouds, spreading across the world and becoming a heaven.

There are nine layers in the sky, and "heavy" means a large number. "Nine" is the largest yang number and the most noble in number, so it means "extremely noble".

The nine-fold sky refers to the extremely multiplicity of the sky, and also refers to the extremely high point of the sky.

  ◎ Space practice

  China's manned space station was named "Tiangong", and the cargo spacecraft was named "Tianzhou".

China's manned space project was approved by the Chinese government for implementation on September 21, 1992, code-named "Project 921", and is one of the major strategic projects of China's space science experiment.

China's manned space project is implemented in accordance with the "three-step" development strategy.

On September 25, 2010, the manned space station project was officially launched.

  At the beginning of 1994, the name of China's self-made manned spacecraft was determined as "Shenzhou."

As the Shenzhou-1 took off to the sky on November 20, 1999, "Shenzhou", the glorious name that carried the Chinese nation's thousand-year dream of flying to the sky, spread throughout the land of China.

In the early morning of October 16, 2021, the Shenzhou 13 manned spacecraft was launched, which is the second manned mission of the "third step" of China's manned space project.

  ◎ "Shenzhou" flying

  Shenzhou means "the magical boat of Tianhe" and is also a homonym for "Shenzhou". It symbolizes that the development of the spacecraft has won the support of the people of the whole country. The enchanting spirit indicates that the entire Chinese nation will be extremely proud and proud of the birth of the spacecraft.


  -Xi and Kuafu visit the sun

  ◎ Myths and legends

  Xihe is the goddess of the sun in ancient Chinese mythology and the goddess who set the time calendar, and is well known as the image of the mother of the sun.

In the subsequent continuous evolution and development, "Xihe", as a representative of solar mythology and astronomical historian, clearly assumed the functional carrier of culture and was concentrated in ancient poems.

Later, it evolved into a god who patrolled the sky in a Japanese car. It is said that she drove a Japanese car driven by six dragons, running from east to west every day, and finally arrived at the place where the sun entered.

  Kua Fu originated from the "Shan Hai Jing" and is one of the characters in ancient Chinese myths and legends.

The legend of Kuafu chasing the sun and finally turning into Kuafu Mountain is widely known.

During the period of the Yellow Emperor, there was a mountain named Chengdu Zaitian in the Great Northern Wilderness.

The Kuafu people are enthusiastic, good at running, and powerful people.

They rely on these conditions and like to fight injustices for others.


  ◎ Space practice

  China's first solar exploration satellite is named "Xihe", which means "Imitate Xihe and control the horses and aim to herd the stars in the sky", which symbolizes the origin and expansion of China's exploration of the sun.

  The satellite of the China Solar Observation Observatory is named "Kuafu", which is intended to chase the sun at all times, have dreams in mind, pursue dreams unremittingly, and persevere in realizing dreams.

  At 18:51 on October 14, China used the Long March 2D carrier rocket at the Taiyuan Satellite Launch Center to successfully launch the first solar detection science and technology test satellite "Xihe" (a solar detection science and technology test satellite that operates In a sun-synchronous orbit of 517 kilometers from the ground, it can observe the sun continuously for 24 hours), which has achieved a zero breakthrough in solar exploration in China, marking China’s formal entry into the era of space "sun exploration" and achieving China’s space solar exploration Icebreaking journey.

The Kuafu, which is scheduled to be launched next year, is an advanced solar observatory satellite that will conduct scientific observations of the sun.

China's follow-up solar exploration development plan is also being demonstrated.

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  -Wukong knows dark matter

  ◎ Myths and legends

  Wukong is a famous Chinese mythological character, from the four masterpieces "Journey to the West".

The ancestral home of Dongsheng Shenzhou, was conceived from the immortal stone since the beginning of the world, and he became the king of monkeys by leading the group of monkeys into the water curtain cave and revered as the "King of Monkeys."

After passing through thousands of mountains and rivers, he worshipped Subudi Patriarch to learn art as his teacher, and he was named Monkey King.

After the Guanyin was enlightened and rescued by the Tang monk, the Buddhist monk protects the Tang monk from the west and learns the scriptures. He descends all the way to the demon and eliminates demons. He is not afraid of hardships. Buddha.

Monkey King is by nature intelligent, lively, loyal, and jealous, representing wit and bravery in folk culture.

  ◎ Space practice

  On December 16, 2015, the dark matter particle detection satellite was named "Wukong".

The satellite is named after "Wukong", which means "to comprehend and explore space." On the other hand, Monkey King's golden eyes are like the detector of a dark matter particle detection satellite, which can identify traces of dark matter in the vast space.

  Text/Zhen Zhi Zhou Ju stretch

  Hand-painted/Drawing by Zhao Jian/Ma Chao

  What other mythological figures can continue to write about the romance of China's spaceflight

  Each and every name is full of poetry, constantly refreshing the history of China's aerospace, and also powerfully interpreting the hard-core romance of the Chinese.

We believe that with the continuous development of China's aerospace industry, there will be more Chinese names to illuminate the splendid galaxy!

Let's make a bold conjecture-


  Pangu is the creator of Chinese myths and legends. It is said in Tongbai that he was born in a dragon egg and was raised by Yinglong.

Before the sun and the earth were separated, the universe was a dark and chaotic mass, and Pangu was born in it.

After 18,000 years of this, Pangu woke up one day and found only a dark sticky piece, so he grabbed a big axe and waved it towards the chaos. With a loud noise, the chaos broke apart.

The light and clear things rose slowly and turned into the sky.

The heavy and turbid things fell heavily and turned into the ground.

After the sky and the earth were separated, Pangu was afraid that they would close together, so he stomped on the ground.

  Finally, the world took shape, and Pangu fell too tired.

Pangu sacrificed his own body to complete the great achievements of the world, in exchange for everything in the world.


  Nüwa, the goddess of creation in ancient Chinese mythology, also known as Wahuang, is the beginning of the humanities of the Chinese nation and the righteous god of blessings.

According to legend, Nuwa created human beings and transformed into 70s in one day. He used yellow mud to imitate his own to make human beings, creating a human society and establishing a marriage system. Later, because the world collapsed, the colored stones were melted to make up for the sky, and the turtles were enough to stand. The four poles left behind the myth of Nu Wa repairing the sky.

She was the first creation of the world, so she was called the Wa emperor among the three emperors. She was the god of creation and the mother god who was widely and long worshipped by the people.

  -Hou Yi

  During Emperor Yao's time, ten suns appeared in the sky at the same time, causing severe drought.

People are too hot to breathe, and there is almost no food available on the earth.

Because of the extremely hot weather, some monsters and birds also ran out of the dry rivers and lakes and flame-like forests, killing people everywhere.

  Emperor Yao prayed to the Emperor of Heaven, and the Emperor of Heaven ordered Houyi, who was good at archery, to go down to the world to help Yao solve the suffering of the people.

Hou Yi took a red bow and a bag of white arrows given to him by the emperor, and shot one by one toward the sun. In an instant, nine of the ten suns were shot away.

  Yao thinks that leaving a sun is useful for the people, and ordered people to secretly draw an arrow from Houyi's quiver, which prevented Houyi from continuing to shoot.

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