It has been two years since the embankment of the Chikuma River in Nagano Prefecture broke due to heavy rain caused by typhoon No. 19.

In the Naganuma district of Nagano City, which was severely damaged, the construction of disaster public housing that the residents had requested was postponed, and some victims had to leave their hometown.

In Nagano Prefecture, the typhoon No. 19 broke the embankments in six rivers, including the Chikuma River in Nagano City, killing 23 people, including disaster-related deaths.



As of the 1st of this month, 394 households have been forced to live in so-called "deemed temporary housing" utilizing temporary housing and private rental housing due to damage to more than 6,900 houses. , 918 people.



In the Naganuma district of Nagano City, near the bank of the collapsed Chikuma River, residents have asked for the construction of disaster public housing in the district, but the city announced on the 6th of this month that it would not build it.



Regarding the reason for seeing off, it is explained that it is difficult to ensure sufficient safety in the area where the area is expected to be flooded, and if embankment is carried out, the housing will be high and it may be inconvenient for the elderly etc. increase.



In addition, there is a disaster public housing under construction in the adjacent area, and those who wish to move into the Naganuma area can move in there.



Residents responded by saying, "We have set evacuation actions that residents should take before evacuation information is issued, and we are taking measures to prevent people from being late in the event of a disaster. It is possible to build disaster public housing." doing.



Due to the postponement of construction, some victims have been forced to leave their hometown.

Disaster public housing

"Disaster public housing" is a government subsidy for people who have difficulty rebuilding their homes or moving into private rent due to financial reasons due to damage to their homes due to a disaster. It is a house maintained by prefectures and municipalities.



It is a rental housing that can be rented to disaster victims at a relatively low rent and is also called a reconstruction housing.



It is possible to build even one disaster public housing, and in the prefecture, two disaster public housing related to Typhoon No. 19 have been built in the area next to the Naganuma area, for a total of 73 units, and it has been completed. Is scheduled for next month.



Regarding the fact that Nagano City has forgotten the construction of disaster public housing in the Naganuma area, the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism accepts that it is the decision of the local government to decide where and how many houses should be constructed based on the local situation. There is no obligation to report to the ministry, but it is possible to forgo one of the various options that was once considered for construction. "

Victims regret

One of the victims said that it took more than a year for Nagano City to decide not to build disaster public housing in the Naganuma area. I am bleeding regret.



Regarding the construction of disaster public housing in the Naganuma area, residents have been discussing the construction of disaster public housing with the city in September last year, but the city announced on the 6th of this month that it will finally postpone the construction. Did.



Hiroko Kotaki (61), who lived in the district for more than 30 years, had her home flooded about 2 meters.



After dismantling his severely damaged home, he is now forced to live in a so-called "deemed temporary" evacuation life using rental housing.



Relying on the survivor's pension for her deceased husband for most of her income, it was difficult to rebuild her home on her own and she wanted to build disaster public housing in the district.



However, hopes have not been met, and we have no choice but to apply for a disaster public housing under construction in the neighboring area and move away from the area we are attached to.



Mr. Kotaki said, "It is a heavy burden to build relationships from scratch in a new place. I had relatives in the Naganuma area and had connections with the community, so I wanted to return to Naganuma," he said with disappointment.



He said that it took more than a year for the city to decide, "I was hoping that it would be built, I was depressed and I was swayed by the city. I didn't. I wanted you to come to a conclusion sooner if you didn't build it. "

Experts familiar with disaster recovery

Professor Yoshiteru Murosaki of the University of Hyogo, who is familiar with disaster recovery, points out that "it is difficult to maintain even if it is built, so it is a trend not to build it as much as possible."



On the other hand, regarding the reason for the postponement of construction in the Naganuma area, such as areas where there is a risk of inundation, "There are also places where disaster public housing is being constructed in the inundation risk area of ​​the Nankai Trough, and the area affected by the Great East Japan Earthquake. Then there is a place on the mountain. Even elderly people can live if they have an elevator. "



On top of that, the most important thing in deciding to build disaster public housing is, "It depends on the victims being fully convinced. The location and number of disaster public housing will be constructed only by the government without consensus building. If you decide, you will have various problems. It is too early to conclude that you will not build it even if you are not convinced. "

Keywords: housing, area, naganuma, embankment, rain, victims, hometown, nagano city, trend, district, nagano prefecture, construction, chikuma river, typhoon, residents