By carpooling, by bike, by renting a scooter, by buying a bus ticket ... To boost these alternatives to the private car, the sustainable mobility package offers employers the possibility of covering part of the costs incurred by their employees on the home-work trips.
The system replaces in particular the bicycle kilometer allowance (IKV), by broadening the range of mobilities concerned, the number of employees to be able to benefit from it, but also the ceiling of payments.
Up to 600 euros per year in the private sector.
But this package remains optional in companies.
And since its entry into force, few have visibly established it.
Blame it on Covid-19?
Or of corporate ill will?
Thirteen thousand kilometers of cycling infrastructure added to the 40,000 already in existence.
Two million bicycles refurbished as part of the Coup de Pouce Vélo operation.
Financial aid for the purchase of bicycles *.
The “generation bicycle” program and its 21 million euros to teach 800,000 children to ride a bicycle by 2024 ...
This Tuesday morning, Barbara Pompili, Minister of Ecological Transition, and Jean-Baptiste Djebarri, Minister Delegate in charge of Transport, presented their assessment of the actions undertaken, under this five-year term, to develop cycling in France.
In particular through the “Cycling and active mobility” plan, presented in September 2018 and which aims to triple the modal share of cycling by 2024. From 3 to 9%.
"We still have some way to go, but I believe that we all realize that this five-year period will have been that of the birth of a Nation of the bicycle", launches Barbara Pompili, estimating in particular that "the adoption of the bicycle plan was a turning point ”.
To replace the bicycle kilometer allowance
There is, however, one tool that has not had the desired rise in power. That of the sustainable mobility package, included in the mobility orientation law promulgated in December 2019. The system replaces the bicycle kilometer allowance (IKV), launched in 2016, which allowed a private company to pay compensation to its employees using cycling for their commute to work. "It was calculated according to the number of kilometers traveled by the employee," explains Aymeric Cotard, network coordinator at Better travel by bicycle (MDB), an association for the defense of cyclists. As its name suggests, the sustainable mobility package is a package that can currently go up to 500 euros per year. "
Amounts exempt from tax and social contributions for the employer. "The ceiling is even 600 euros since the promulgation of the Climate law this summer, since it is cumulated with the assumption of 50% of public transport subscription by the employer", adds Guillaume Gouffier -Cha, LRM deputy for Val-de-Marne. In Ile-de-France, for example, the obligatory coverage of the employer on the annual Navigo subscription is a little over 400 euros, so that an employee can benefit from nearly 200 euros additional s '' it uses another sustainable mobility in parallel.
And not just the bike for that matter.
This sustainable mobility package can also benefit employees who carpool (as driver or passenger), use public transport outside of subscription fees or other shared mobility services, typically scooters or scooters for hire. or self-service.
The condition is to certify by honor to have recourse to one or the other of these mobilities at least 100 days per year.
Finally, unlike the IKV, the flat rate is applicable throughout the public service (national, territorial, hospital).
"Simply, the amounts are capped at 200 euros per year," says Guillaume Gouffier-Cha, who would welcome an alignment with the private sector on this point.
Companies that don't play the game?
This is not the only improvement to be made, according to Matthieu Orphelin. The environmentalist deputy for Maine-et-Loire also and above all asks for the generalization of the sustainable mobility package. “At a minimum in large companies,” he explains. Because the device remains optional to this day and conditional on a company agreement determining the terms of the package (amounts and award criteria).
How many structures, private or public, have there been so far? “There are no precise statistical data”, replies Matthieu Orphelin, without being deluded: “Very few employers offer this package to their employees. Including within large companies, which would have hastened to let it know otherwise. "A lot of people ask us to tell us that their employer does not want to introduce it", also notes Olivier Schneider, president of the Federation of bicycle users (FUB).
It was a foregone conclusion, believes Matthieu Orphelin.
“The question of whether it was necessary to generalize the device from the outset had already arisen during the debates around the LOM law,” he recalls.
The Medef militated against, assuring that the companies would seize it and that it would make sure to promote it.
In the end, it had been agreed not to make it compulsory, while retaining the possibility of doing so if companies did not play along, and to take stock within eighteen months.
Do not forget the Covid-19?
This assessment should have been done last June and, from May 2020, LRM deputies suspected the Medef of wanting to bury this sustainable mobility package, told
in May 2020. Guillaume Gouffier-Cha invites a little indulgence. “The LOM law was promulgated in December 2019, and it has not escaped anyone's notice that a lot has happened since,” he says, referring to the Covid-19 pandemic. "The idea with this package, which represents a cost for companies, is not to further weaken companies already in difficulty", he continues. The deputy for Val-de-Marne still wishes to speed up discussions with the various bodies concerned. "Not only the Medef, but also the unions, so that they put the subject on the agenda of the mandatory annual negotiations," he said.
But the time is not for generalization, he believes.
"Not before 2024".
We can go faster and smarter, pleads Olivier Schneider.
“There is the Objectif Employer Pro-Vélo program, which aims to support businesses, including financially, in offering“ cycling ”solutions and services, he explains.
For example to set up bicycle parking spaces in their enclosure.
One of the conditions for joining this program is precisely to set up the sustainable mobility package.
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* "Up to 1,000 euros for the purchase of a cargo bike, electric or not, and up to 1,500 for the acquisition of an electric bike in exchange for the scrapping of a polluting vehicle", specifies Barbara Pompili.