[Explanation] Microscopes, ultrasounds, endoscopes and even scalpels and tweezers are all available. If it weren't for the terracotta warriors standing around, it would be difficult for people to connect these medical tools with world-renowned archeological miracles.

In a corner of Pit No. 1 of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum, the "Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Specialized Hospital" showed visitors from all directions the whole process of the "recovery" of the terracotta warriors and horses.

  The 53-year-old Rand Province has been engaged in restoration work at the "Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Specialized Hospital" for 25 years. Speaking of the restoration process of the terracotta warriors and horses, he is precious to him.

According to Rand Province, after the terracotta warriors and horses fragments are extracted from the archaeological team, the restoration engineer will first "inquire about the diagnosis"-take pictures and keep them, and then clean up the cultural relics and reinforce the paintings are necessary "treatment" steps, and finally " The initial "seeing" of a piece of terracotta warriors and horses can only be considered as the end.

  [Concurrent] Rand Province, expert in restoration of cultural relics from the Mausoleum Museum of Emperor Qin Shihuang

  Of course, there are also many difficulties in the repair process.

For example, there are some colored paintings. We colored painting, mainly colored painting. We must take emergency protection at the scene.

Emergency protection, because everyone knows the environment of Pit No. 1. It is hotter in summer and colder in winter, so we must create a small environment in time. After creating this small environment, let us slowly paint , And then adapt to our repair environment, which is a difficulty.

Another difficulty is our painted back stickers. How can we pass this painted painting through the painted on the leftover soil block, and use the hands of our cultural relic doctor to restore them to the original part.

  [Explanation] In the eyes of Rand Province, every detail of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses has undergone subtle changes at every moment.

In the process of tracking these changes, the province of Rand said that the last thing he wants to see is the "changes" of the terracotta warriors and horses, especially the "painting" that is difficult to keep.

Nowadays, the use of anti-shrinking agent and strengthening agent combined treatment method, so that the color of a thousand years ago can continue to be preserved, and the "expression" of the terracotta warriors and horses will never fade.

  With the support of technical conditions, the third excavation of Pit No. 1 of the Terracotta Warriors and Horses of Emperor Qin Shihuang's Mausoleum began in 2009.

The restoration team of the "Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Specialized Hospital" has successfully restored more than 130 terracotta warriors and horses in this excavation.

The reporter saw at the scene that the restored terracotta warriors and horses stood tall beside the restoration area.

At the same time, the public can also watch the terracotta warriors and horses restoration area up close. The entire restoration process can be presented on the live TV screen, allowing the public to understand the story behind the terracotta warriors and horses restoration.

  [Concurrent] Rand Province, expert in restoration of cultural relics from the Mausoleum Museum of Emperor Qin Shihuang

  Then the restoration of the Qin warriors is actually restoring history, inheriting culture, and guarding the spiritual identity of our Chinese civilization.

Then we must continue to pass on our craftsmanship and preserve and restore our ancestors and our precious cultural heritage.

  [Explanation] In March 1974, the Qin Terracotta Warriors and Horses Pit was discovered.

In 1987, the Mausoleum of the First Emperor Qin and the Terracotta Warriors and Horses pits were approved by UNESCO to be included in the "World Heritage List" and were hailed as "the eighth wonder of the world."

As "one of the great discoveries in the history of archaeology in the 20th century", the terracotta warriors and horses have been unearthed so far, with their huge scale, superb artistic level and unprecedented cultural value, attracting tourists from home and abroad to come to see the true face.

  Mei Yi Taki Zhang Chenhui reports from Xi'an

Editor in charge: [Ji Xiang]

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