Chinese Literature and Art in 2020: Strengthen Confidence, Warm People's Heart, Gather People's Heart

  2020 is an extraordinary year in the history of New China, and it is also an extraordinary year in the history of Chinese art development.

  The "2020 China Art Development Report" (hereinafter referred to as the "Report") compiled by the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles was released recently.

The "Report" believes that in 2020, the majority of literary and art workers will actively participate in the great practice of literature and art to fight the epidemic and help literature and art help alleviate poverty, which demonstrates the role of literature and art in boosting morale, strengthening confidence, warming people's hearts, and gathering people's hearts; the Fifth Middle School of the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China The plenary session clearly put forward the long-term goal of building a cultural power by 2035, sounding the clarion call for the cultural and artistic circles to build a socialist cultural power.

Anti-epidemic art has become an annual feature

  "Articles are written together with time, and songs and poems are written together with things." The "Report" pointed out that the anti-epidemic theme creation has become a popular literary activity with the participation of the whole people, and non-fiction literary creation has achieved important development.

  In the initial stage of the epidemic, artists and enthusiasts recorded the touching stories of medical workers and volunteers and the strong and optimistic lives of ordinary people in epidemic prevention through the fastest methods such as text and images.

TV and movie documentaries produced by professional creators, such as "Life and Death Golden and Silver Lake", "Wuhan Day and Night", "Chinese Doctors Fighting Epidemic Edition", "Human World·Anti-epidemic Special Program", etc., record real events with plain shots.

The TV series "Together" uses many real anti-epidemic incidents this year as the material, and arouses strong emotional resonance from the audience.

  As the most rapid and popular artistic method, photography has performed prominently in the artistic fight against epidemics.

The large-scale portrait photography work organized by the China Photographic Association, "Images for Angels," took portraits of 42,000 medical team members who were rushing to Hubei across the country in just 66 days, leaving precious image files for the Chinese war epidemic.

  The China Literary and Art Volunteers Association, in cooperation with various national literary and art associations, provincial-level literary and art federations, and industrial literary and art associations, innovated to carry out online literary and artistic voluntary services such as "Arts enters thousands of homes to be healthy, you, me and others", and to carry out online public welfare classroom online live broadcast and other literary and artistic volunteer services, which have a wide impact .

In particular, the joint Fangcang shelter hospital held an event "Live Broadcasting Time for Fangcang Cabin" to show condolences to medical workers, creating a new form of literary and artistic volunteer service activities.

  A large number of anti-epidemic themed works have appeared in the field of stage art.

The national opera "Angel Diary" launched by the Propaganda Department of the Hubei Provincial Party Committee and the Chinese Music Association, the drama "Retrograde" by the Wuhan People's Art Theatre, and the drama "The People First" produced by the National Theatre of China, etc., describe the epidemic prevention and control from different perspectives The touching story of, has shaped many representative images of anti-epidemic heroes.

Jiangsu Performing Arts Group has successively released Sanqu, Kunqu, and Peking Opera versions of "Jianjiang City", which has been well received.

Beijing Jingxi shadow puppet successor Wang Xi organized a short video of shadow puppet animation "Monkey Wukong vs. Virus", which received good social response.

  The majority of musicians have overcome the difficulties of tight creation time and limited recording conditions, and created a large number of original public welfare songs with clear themes and sincere feelings, such as "Confirm that Love Will Win", "Love the Common People", "The Transmission of Love" and "Wuhan You". It has the effect of inspiring and cohesive force.

In a special period, many magicians filmed their first video works, and many calligraphers and artists appeared on the short video platform for the first time.

  "Cloud Variety" breaks the time and space limitations of program recording. The iQIYI "Zhaijia" series, Youku "Haohao" series, Tencent video "Goose House Good Time", etc. have provided spiritual food for viewers at home to prevent epidemics with the help of live broadcasts and face-to-face videos.

  Compared with the theme creation during the "SARS" and Wenchuan earthquake, this time the art and art fight against the epidemic has shown a trend of literary and artistic popularization.

With the help of new media, everyone can become a "artist", which has inspired the subjectivity and consciousness of literary and artistic creation of the whole people.

Poverty alleviation drives art and literature to take root in the country

  Literature and art have played an important role in the fight against poverty.

The "Report" believes that literary and art workers have created a large number of art works on the theme of poverty alleviation, and in writing about the great changes in the countryside and the process of reform and opening up, they have deepened the principles of realistic creation and improved the level of artistic expression.

  In 2020, China will be the first to recover in the global film market, and domestic films will become the absolute main force in the Chinese film box office market.

Several poverty alleviation-themed films express the great changes in the mountains and villages of the motherland and people's happy lives in a comedy style, opening up new image styles.

The film "My Hometown and Me" continues the collection-like paragraph structure of "My Homeland and Me", showing my country's achievements in poverty alleviation in a light comedy style.

"Get Home at One Point", "Beautiful Life", "A Thousand Hectares and Clear Blue Times" show the responsibility of young people in the new era through the stories of young entrepreneurs and grassroots officials.

  The TV series "Zhuangtai" depicts the simple, persevering, affectionate and righteous character of ordinary people in the contemporary era. It not only shows the typical times of the times, but also has distinct regional characteristics.

"Dajiang Dahe 2", "Mountain and Sea Love" and so on all have quite high artistic quality, reflecting the high level of creation of realistic TV dramas.

  In the field of drama, Yue Opera "Songs and Seas" combines Yue opera with ethnic minority singing and dancing, telling the story of a Shanghai designer who helped develop the bamboo weaving business in Miao Village, Guizhou.

Huangmei Opera "Duck Er's Sister" is a story about rural women who have worked hard to get rich under the national industrial poverty alleviation policy and brought the whole village out of poverty.

The opera "On the Road to Poverty Alleviation", the musical "Ode to the Earth", the musical "In the Distance", and the dance "The Source of the River" and other songs and dance musicals on the theme of poverty alleviation are also of high quality and each has its own characteristics.

  The large-scale theme concert "Song of the Well-off Society", in collaboration with the music associations of many provinces, regions and municipalities across the country, and the old, middle-aged and young musicians, demonstrated the great achievements of an all-round well-off.

The majority of musicians have brought music skills and music works to the front line of poverty alleviation through education and assistance, performances to the countryside and other methods.

Many art exhibitions on the theme of poverty alleviation were held in various poverty alleviation areas, such as "Aid for the Wisdom with Beauty-Art Exhibition of Poverty Alleviation of the National Art Museum of China".

"China Power-National Calligraphy Exhibition for Poverty Alleviation" takes poverty alleviation as the theme and explores the possibility of calligraphy art to express contemporary society and current life.

  The "Report" believes that from "My Hometown and My Hometown" to "Mountain and Sea Love", the poverty alleviation theme works provide a geo-aesthetic code for the main melody art creation, and the strong local characteristic culture brings the audience a deep empathy foundation.

For example, the anti-epidemic song "Wuhan Yu" uses symbols of Wuhan's regional life such as "Yellow Crane Tower", "Regan Noodles" and "Jianghan Road" to express the perseverance and optimism of the Wuhan people.

"Shanhaiqing" depicts the new geographical roots of the interdependence of mountains and seas produced by the mutual assistance of Minning and Ningxia.

  In addition, outstanding progress has been made in the “Publication Project of the Large-scale Chinese Folk Literature” and the “Integration, Inheritance and Dissemination Project of Chinese Folk Crafts”.

Folk literary and art workers continue to publicize and promote the excellent Chinese traditional culture with a series of activities such as "Our Festival", and use traditional festivals to condense national sentiments.

"Online" + "Offline" has become the normal state of art presentation

  With the epidemic temporarily blocking face-to-face interpersonal communication, the new Internet media releases unprecedented energy.

  In the field of film and television, the "Internet +" trend in screening, distribution and production is becoming more and more obvious.

In the screenings, the phenomenon of "transition from hospital to network" and "network first to backstage" is becoming more and more popular.

In terms of distribution and production, the "short video + live broadcast" approach prevails.

  In the field of stage art, online has become an important position for performing arts groups.

Various performing arts groups put a wealth of performance resources in the cloud for the audience to watch for free.

For example, Poly Cinemas launched its theaters to push copyrighted programs online, including drama, opera, music and other content.

The "Online Theatre" column of the National Centre for the Performing Arts has successively broadcast more than 1,000 live performances of "stock".

Performing arts groups and artists have also moved their performance positions to the cloud.

  Large museums such as the Palace Museum, the National Museum of China, and the National Art Museum of China have launched online digital exhibition halls and online exhibitions.

Private institutions and platforms have also launched various online art exhibitions.

  Online and offline integration has become the new normal of exhibitions. To commemorate the 600th anniversary of the completion of the Forbidden City, the Palace Museum launched three boutique exhibitions including "Dan Chen Yonggu: 600 Years of the Forbidden City", which received a total of 1.261 million on-site visitors. 650 million person-times.

Among them, "Eternal Romance Characters-Special Exhibition of Su Shi's Calligraphy and Calligraphy in the Palace Museum Collection" is the most influential exhibition in the field of ancient calligraphy and calligraphy in 2020, and many famous calligraphy works of Su Shi have appeared for the first time.

  Online content consumption represented by online dramas, short videos, and online movies has ushered in a "highlight moment".

Web dramas have become the "largest increment" to boost the development of TV dramas.

Short videos and live broadcasts have played an important role in the fight against the epidemic in literature and art, providing a typical form of non-fiction literature and art based on personal perspective and real experience.

"Short video +" and "Live +" have become the new scenery in 2020.

The art and creative industry is developing in a difficult situation

  The "Report" believes that China's cultural industry and art market are the first to "restart", providing a solid foundation for building a socialist cultural power.

  Facing the impact of the epidemic, governments at all levels of the country have introduced relevant support policies, which have played a positive role in easing the crisis and boosting the consumption of art and art enterprises.

According to relevant data, the annual operating income of cultural and related industrial enterprises above designated size across the country increased by 2.2% over the previous year.

  In the art trading market, online trading has attracted more young people's attention to art.

Art auctions such as China Guardian and Beijing Poly have tried "cloud auctions" and introduced "live broadcast" methods to enrich the art trading format.

  The art market is sinking more fully.

Rural cultural projects have appeared widely in various places. Based on rural historical and cultural resources and creative production elements, they stimulate the endogenous driving force of the rural art market, promote the development of rural cultural tourism, and promote the integration of primary, secondary and tertiary industries.

Popularization of social aesthetic education on the agenda

  In 2020, the school's aesthetic education will be included in the supervision, evaluation and assessment system.

Art institutions, such as art galleries, exhibition halls, and museums, actively play the role of social aesthetic education.

The "Future-oriented Aesthetic Education" academic forum sponsored by the Art Education Committee of the Chinese Artists Association discussed how to promote the spirit of Chinese aesthetic education, strengthen and improve aesthetic education, and grasp the requirements and direction of aesthetic education in the new era.

  In addition, the celebration of the centenary of the founding of the party, the hot production of themed literary works, related activities continued to heat up.

The "Song in the Heart" organized by the China Music Association-a national outstanding lyrics collection to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, received more than 3400 online submissions, setting a record for the largest number of participants in related activities, and finally 100 songs were selected as outstanding lyrics It will be displayed online in the form of "Recited by the whole people · Hundred Poems by Hundred People".

  The dance drama "The Electric Wave That Never Elapses" will continue to exert social and market influence in the second half of 2020.

The opera "Red Ship" telling the story of the birth of the Communist Party of China, the opera "Morning Bell" based on Li Dazhao's life story, the opera "Yanling Team" telling the story of the Yanling Team on Baiyangdian, and the acrobatics "Battle Shanghai", dance drama "Cavalry", dramas "Night of Fragrant Mountain", "Shangganling", Shanghai Opera "Early Spring", etc., together show the glorious course that the party has led the people over the past century.

  In 2020, all walks of life will continue to criticize the "ugly books" and "popular books", and the "Jianghu fonts" and "vulgar fonts" will be criticized, which will trigger discussions on the standards of the calligraphy industry.

In this regard, the calligraphy circle has carried out the work of correcting the source, calling for the formulation of industry standards, and at the same time improving the calligraphy aesthetic education level of the whole society.

  A breakthrough has been made in the legal protection of portrait rights and copyrights in the field of photography.

The "Copyright Law" is revised to include "original photographic works" and "original art works" into legal provisions to further protect the legitimate rights and interests of photographers.

  As a major publishing project and an important brand project of the China Federation of Literary and Art Circles, the 9-year "China Art Development Report" has become a comprehensive development report that "shows the achievements of the industry, observes the development trend of art, highlights the value of art and culture, and promotes the prosperity and development of the industry" .

(Our reporter Guo Chao)