The fact that Zou Mi, a female teacher in Chongqing, was unable to pass the medical examination for teacher qualifications due to her leg disability has recently aroused public opinion (see the China Youth Daily client’s report on April 30, "Can’t you be a teacher with legs disability").

Her experience has also attracted the attention of relevant departments.

  The Chongqing Municipal Education Commission responded to the media on this matter, stating that in response to the problems faced by the physical examination of teachers with physical disabilities, Chongqing will start the revision of the medical examination standards for teacher qualifications as soon as possible, and provide the greatest amount for people with physical disabilities to obtain teacher qualifications in accordance with laws and regulations. Help and convenience.

  Zhou Jian, director of the rights protection department of the China Disabled Persons’ Federation, also said in response to Zou Mi’s experience that the China Disabled Persons’ Federation is currently communicating with Chongqing, actively following up, and trying to satisfy the client’s desire to become a teacher.

  Numerous cases have confirmed that when teachers with disabilities are teachers, they still face problems such as inconsistent certification standards for teacher qualification certificates and restricted participation in public institution examinations.

A reporter from China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily learned in an interview that the Ministry of Education has currently carried out pilot work in many provinces for disabled persons to take teacher qualification examinations and apply for the recognition of teacher qualifications.

  Hearing impaired people traveled to three places to get a teacher qualification certificate

  Knowing what happened to Zou Mi, Wang Jing, a media editor, gave her an idea: move her household registration to a province where it can be done.

  Wang Jing has been concerned about the topic of employment for the disabled for a long time.

He noticed that some provinces have actually cancelled physical examination restrictions.

He believes that for individuals who have similar encounters with Zou Mi, it takes a lot of time and energy to solve problems through legal means, but they can go to a province with loose policies to obtain a teacher qualification certificate through settlement and other methods.

  Hearing impaired Qi Hang (pseudonym) used this method to obtain the teacher qualification certificate.

After graduating from university in 2014, Qi Hang worked in logistics at a school in his hometown of Shandong, earning a monthly salary of 1,500 yuan until 2020.

  His wish is to work in a special education school in his hometown, but the principal told him that he can only take the preparation test if he obtains a teacher qualification certificate.

  In 2018, he signed up for the local elementary and middle school teacher qualification exam.

After passing the written test, Qi Hang wrote to the local education bureau, applying sign language instead of spoken language to complete the interview.

However, this application ended without results.

  In the same year, Qi Hang learned that Sichuan Province was launching a pilot project for the qualification of hearing impaired teachers. During interviews, hearing impaired persons were assigned sign language teachers as examiners, and the examination time was appropriately extended. Hearing test items could be exempted during physical examinations.

  However, according to the relevant regulations of Sichuan Province, the objects of identification are only those with household registration in Sichuan Province and those who have graduated from Sichuan or the province with their work units.

  In order to get exam opportunities, Qi Hang moved his permanent residence to Chengdu. After completing the interview in Chengdu, he obtained the second-level B certificate of Mandarin (sign language) at the Nanjing China Braille Sign Language Promotion Service Center. Only then did he obtain the primary school fine arts subject in Sichuan. Teacher qualification certificate.

  After going around three places to get a teacher qualification certificate, it brought Qi Hang a lot of money.

In order to register for residence, participate in interviews, and verify qualifications, he made a total of 8 trips to Chengdu, and spent a lot of money on transportation, food, and lodging.

  When he got the teacher qualification certificate after all the hard work, Qi Hang thought to himself, if his province can also open the pilot program, it would be great.

  The latest news that Wang Jing has learned shows that Qi Hang's wishes can also be realized in his hometown.

In January of this year, Wang Jing applied to the Ministry of Education for information disclosure. The application for disclosure of the name of the province (autonomous region, municipality directly under the Central Government) has been authorized to carry out the certification of teachers for the visually impaired and hearing impaired.

  "As of January 2021, the Ministry of Education has authorized Shanghai, Tianjin, Zhejiang, Hunan and other 9 provinces to carry out pilot work for visually impaired persons to participate in the qualification examination for primary and secondary school teachers and accreditation; 7 provinces including Sichuan, Henan, Shandong and Shanxi have been authorized to carry out hearing impaired Personnel participate in the qualification examination of primary and secondary school teachers and the pilot work of accreditation.” The Ministry of Education replied.

Scholars: It is not appropriate for localities to formulate standards for teacher qualification certification by themselves

  China Youth Daily and China Youth Daily reporters found that from written examinations, interviews, Mandarin to physical examinations, there are still many inconsistencies in the standards for obtaining teacher qualifications for people with disabilities.

  After graduating from undergraduate in 2019, Zhang Li (pseudonym), a visually impaired university student, successfully obtained a teacher qualification certificate in a certain city by applying for "reasonable convenience".

When she applied for a teacher post in a special education school in another province, she failed to pass the medical examination due to substandard vision.

  According to the relevant regulations of the Provincial Department of Education, "the sum of corrected visual acuity in both eyes is less than 5.0 or blindness in one eye" is regarded as "unqualified medical examination."

It was this provision that prevented Zhang Li from passing the medical examination.

  Although Zhang Li was hired because of the promotion of various parties, she believes that society should adopt a fair attitude to accept the disabled.

  Similar to Zhang Li’s experience, Zheng Rongquan, the first visually impaired college student in Zhejiang Province who used braille test papers to take the college entrance examination, had the highest score in the exam when he applied for the post of teacher in the Nanjing School for the Blind. Failed medical examination.

  Public information shows that the medical examination standards for teachers applying for teacher qualifications set by most provinces include “immobility of the upper or lower limbs, unequal length of the lower limbs, scoliosis”, “hearing of both ears less than 2 meters,” and “corrected vision in both eyes”. Circumstances such as those below 5.0" are regarded as unqualified.

In some provinces, height and weight are still limiting factors.

  Wu Di has been committed to promoting equal rights for people with disabilities.

She believes that the unreasonable part of the physical examination is that the body is absolutely related to the ability.

Some medical examination standards add unnecessary obstacles to candidates who are capable but do not meet the medical examination standards.

"Most of the skills required for work can be decoupled from physical conditions and assessed separately."

  According to Xu Jimin, a professor at the Law School of Sichuan University, it is not appropriate for each region to formulate standards for teacher qualification certification, and the country should set the standards uniformly.

"Because we are a unitary country, the development of uniform standards is beneficial to the mutual mobility of teachers."

  Xu Jimin believes that the current problem that needs to be faced in unifying standards across the country is regional differences.

"For example, different regions have different requirements for teachers' academic qualifications." He mentioned that unified standards need to discuss which standards need to be unified, and which standards need to reflect local characteristics, but the discrimination that may be involved in physical examination standards should be unified.

  Jiao Hongchang, Dean of the School of Law of China University of Political Science and Law, believes that because teachers assume the functions of teaching and educating, cultural dissemination, and civilization inheritance, they must be given a lofty status and have certain qualification restrictions.

But in which areas are required to be restricted, there should be a correlation between the means and the purpose.

  He mentioned that in the restrictions on the acquisition of teacher qualifications, it is necessary to distinguish between competency requirements and mandatory requirements.

"In terms of ability, such as academic requirements, it is possible to authorize local governments to formulate according to actual conditions; while mandatory requirements, such as restrictions on innate physical conditions, should be uniformly stipulated by the upper law." In Jiao Hongchang's view, if all standards are determined by local governments Established, the employment rights actually enjoyed by citizens in various places will be treated unequally due to geographical factors.

  Jiao Hongchang also believes that with economic and social development, we have put more emphasis on the all-round development of people, and policy formulations must be adjusted in keeping with the times.

  It is understood that Sichuan Province is one of the provinces that initiated the qualification certification of hearing impaired teachers earlier.

On December 5, 2017, the Sichuan Provincial Department of Education issued the "Notice on Launching the Pilot Work for the Certification of Hearing Impaired Teachers", stipulating that when hearing impaired people participate in teacher qualification interviews, sign language teachers should be the examiners and the examination time should be extended appropriately, and the physical examination will be exempted. Hearing check, a special Putonghua proficiency test for the hearing impaired was launched.

  On April 30, Zhou Jian, director of the rights protection department of the China Disabled Persons’ Federation, said in an interview with the media that the relevant departments of the China Disabled Persons’ Federation are currently communicating and coordinating with the Ministry of Education and will further modify the relevant aspects of the teacher’s qualification certificate for disabled persons from the top-level design. The regulations also hope that the education department can take into account the special needs of the disabled.

  China Youth Daily·China Youth Daily reporter Wang Xinxin and intern Ma Xiaoqing Source: China Youth Daily