Chinanews.com, Lanzhou, April 27th (Gao Kangdi Gao Ying Gao Zhan) A textile that has gone through thousands of years has been dim and fragmented, and it is difficult to see its original appearance.
In order to protect them, textile restorers must repair these "unrecognizable" textiles.
Collecting information, testing, disinfecting, cleaning, leveling, backing dyeing, needlework reinforcement... The reporter recently walked into the Gansu Provincial Museum Cultural Relics Restoration Center to visit the stories behind the restoration of textile cultural relics.
It is understood that before restoration, each cultural relic textile must undergo a series of restoration preparations, and a restoration plan shall be made and reported to relevant departments. After the plan is approved for approval, the restoration can be started.
At present, the restoration center has a total of 4 textile restorers. Since the establishment of the textile protection and restoration workstation, the protection and restoration of 4 textile protection and restoration projects and dozens of textile cultural relics have been completed. The shape and decoration of the textile cultural relics through the protection and restoration are clearer. , The color is brighter and the ornamental value is improved, and it provides clues for the research of ancient textile crafts and decorative arts.
"When I first got this cultural relic, it was completely deformed, wrinkled, and stained all over it."
Zhao Ximei, a textile restoration engineer for cultural relics at the Gansu Provincial Museum, is sitting next to the workbench, wearing a white coat, a magnifying glass, holding tweezers and needlework in her hand, and is restoring a sword arm with an animal pattern embroidered with beads from the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The stitching of the textile sword arm has been completely cracked, leaving only the eye of the needle, but the clear eye of the needle is the basis for repairing the suture."
According to Zhao Ximei, the crepe yarn used to restore cultural relics textiles is thinner than hair.
Zhao Ximei flattened the cultural relics with a magnetic block and said: “The embroidery of this sword arm is as fine as 10 stitches per centimeter in length. The pattern is a tufted and beaded pattern. This pattern is a typical Persian Sassanian cultural style, which prevailed in the Northern Dynasty. In the mid-Tang Dynasty, the wild boar pattern and winged horses in the tuanwei and bead pattern further reflected the exchange and influence of ancient Eastern and Western cultures."
According to reports, there are many ways to restore textile cultural relics, but the needle and thread reinforcement method is widely used at home and abroad. It uses the needle and thread technology of sewing clothing to repair textile cultural relics. This method usually adds a modern layer on the back or surface of textile cultural relics. For the fabric, two or more layers of fabric are stitched together with needles and threads to strengthen the damaged part or whole of the cultural relics.
The reporter learned that the needle and thread restoration method is a reprocessable method, that is, the material of the repaired part can be removed when necessary in the future, so as to restore the original state of the cultural relics.
"Most textile cultural relics are relatively fragile. For the more decayed textile cultural relics, because of their poor fastness, they are covered with crepe silk yarn, and the crepe silk yarn and backing are fixed along the damaged or cracked edges of the cultural relics. Wrapped in two layers of fabric, it plays a role of protection and reinforcement." Zhao Ximei said.
"When a textile cultural relic that is not formed, contaminated, or seriously damaged shows a new look after protection and restoration, it is very fulfilling." Zhao Ximei said that the process of protection and restoration can not only study the decoration of the cultural relics, but also explore the back of the cultural relics. The story, and sometimes some new information may be discovered for research.
"Only when the eyes are sore will I stop and rest." Wang Ju, also a textile restorer, has repaired more than ten textile relics. In her opinion, her work is more like a doctor, except that the patients are ancient pieces. Textile artifacts.
In the restoration process, in order to make the shape of the cultural relics accurate, it is necessary not only to think carefully, but also to look through a large amount of information to find a basis.
In addition, in order to avoid secondary damage to the cultural relics, "If you can't rest your mind, you can't stick to one step."
Therefore, the protection and restoration of textile cultural relics takes a long time and requires extra care to complete the restoration of each cultural relic with high quality.
Repairing the "missing" on the millennium silk with one stitch and one thread, the textile cultural relics restorer is also in close contact with the cultural relics again and again, visiting every story behind the textile cultural relics.