From the "quanxue hegemony" to the high-quality private school with uneven student resources, can it still be "smiling in the rivers and lakes"?

  Planning/Huang Lina Jiang Junwen/Yangcheng Evening News reporter Jiang Jun and intern Xie Xiaolei Liang Kaijing

  The Yangcheng Evening News "Citizens Recruiting One Year Anniversary" series of reports today launched the second "Civil School Changes"——

  The reporter's investigation found that under the "Citizens Recruitment", the source structure of Guangzhou's private junior high schools has changed, and the high-quality private schools "students" have been lost.

How to continue "Swordsman"?

Many private schools have increased their prices or are on the way to increase the treatment of teachers and maintain their competitiveness; high-quality private schools have embarked on the road of fighting their own characteristics and strengthening internal skills, creating special education in foreign languages, science and technology; some private schools have chosen to switch to Public...

  Student story

  The middle school students who entered the high-quality private school jumped from the C level to the A level

  Last year, the new policy was implemented at the beginning of Xiaosheng. Student Wang Zhimeng of Dongyi Elementary School "won" in the "Luck Competition" with more than 2,000 people and was promoted to Panyu School of Huashi Affiliated Middle School in Guangzhou (referred to as "Panyu Huafu").

But when she first entered the school, Xiaomeng only scored more than 40 points in several math exams, and was assigned to the C level, and her parents were anxious.

  Panyu Huafu's language, English, and mathematics are divided into three levels, ABC, according to student performance, and they are divided into classes.

Xiaomeng’s father is worried that the child will be labeled with poor grades when he is assigned to the C level, so he is “qualitatively”.

The direction of things surprised and gratified him.

  There are two Mathematics C-level classes in the first grade of the Panyu Huafu Junior High School. The head teachers are respectively the vice principal Gu Minfeng and the young female teacher Zhou Yiwen. The arrangement of teachers is carefully considered: one is a senior teacher with qualifications and experience; the other is a fledgling young teacher. , But enthusiastic and patient.

  There are 41 students in Zhou Yiwen's class where Xiao Meng is.

Ms. Zhou started by changing students’ learning methods and habits, giving each student a face-to-face review of homework once a week, talking and giving suggestions based on the learning situation, "Listen to students’ voices, such as why they did not perform well in mathematics, why are they not interested? "At the same time, adjust the class rhythm according to the students' status and feedback, "not to slow down blindly, but to improve the students' ability." Teacher Zhou said.

Under this method, Xiaomeng gradually likes to communicate with teachers about math problems.

  In one homework assignment, Xiaomeng made seven errors out of the ten questions. A 70% error rate made my father "heart-cool".

"Unexpectedly, the teacher not only explained privately to his son one by one, but also praised him for his'love to ask questions' in class." Xiaomeng's father said.

  After mastering the correct learning method, Xiaomeng will be able to do more and more questions, supplemented by praise for "assist", his self-confidence greatly increased, and he gradually realized the joy of solving problems.

"Solving the answers will make you feel very good and have a sense of accomplishment." At the end of the first semester of junior high school, Xiaomeng scored more than 100 points in the math test and improved by more than 60 points, from the C level class to the A level class.

  Private school changes

  Changes in student resources are no longer a neat and excellent "handful of green onions"

  How big is the impact of "citizens with the same recruitment" on high-quality private schools?

  "The biggest change is that the source of students has changed from flat to three-dimensional." said Zhou Weiqu, head of Juxian Middle School, No. 4 Middle School, Liwan District, Guangzhou.

  "Some students score 100 points in each subject in mathematics, mathematics, and English, and some students score less than 100 points in three subjects." The principal of a high-quality private school told reporters that in the past, 80% of the students in the school were of similar level and had better scores. High students, after the "citizens recruited the same" last year, the first grade of this year's junior high school showed a good 3:5:2 stratification.

  Gu Minfeng, vice principal of Panyu Huafu, said: “Last year, the school recruited 528 people, and more than 2,000 people signed up for lottery. The average score of freshmen on the first day of the year was generally higher than the average score of Panyu District by more than 70 points. Only over 30 points."

  After "citizens with the same recruitment", private schools cannot "pinch the top", and the number of applicants exceeds the number of private schools in the enrollment plan for computer lottery allocation.

In principle, private schools enroll students in the district. Only with boarding conditions can they enroll students across districts (no more than 50%).

  According to statistics, of the 198 private schools enrolling students in 2020, 85 of them need lottery.

Among them, the most popular Baiyun District Peiying Experimental School, with more than 2,700 students winning 99 degrees, the competition ratio is about 27:1; the admission ratio of Zhongda High School is more than 20:1; the admission ratio of Yingyuan School of the Second Middle School is 16:1; Mingde Experiments, Peidao Experiments, and Panyu Huafu are all about five students competing for a degree.

  This means that the structure of the source of students in non-governmental schools has changed, especially in high-quality non-governmental schools, from a "full school hegemon" to a good middle and poor one, and the students are no longer neat and excellent "hands of green onions".

  A life-long case of teaching reform, hierarchical teaching, classroom reform

  Facing the untidy source of students, what should the private school do?

Both management and teaching need to be adjusted.

  "The change in the source of students is not only reflected in the scores, but also in the daily behavior of the students." said Yan Qinxi, the principal of the High School Affiliated to Zhongda University, said that after the change in the source of students, he has a weak perception of school discipline and school rules, speech in class, arrears in homework, language abuse, etc. The phenomenon is increasing. Schools should do a good job with students in terms of basic etiquette, behavior, and study habits.

  In terms of management, the High School Affiliated to the University of China conducted special education on words, behaviors and study habits for the first-year students of junior high school.

In terms of teaching, teachers are required to go through the contents of the fifth and sixth grades of elementary school concisely and clearly, and slow down the teaching speed according to the actual situation; for students with weak learning ability and learning foundation, make a life-long counseling plan.

  According to the principal of Panyu Huafu Gong Dechang, in response to "citizens' recruitment", the school began to explore stratified classes within the school in 2019.

"The 12 administrative classes are divided into classes in parallel, but the three subjects of language, mathematics, English and English are divided into classes. Each subject is divided into three layers of ABC, and two new classrooms are built for the C layer. The most advanced teaching equipment and the best teaching environment are in Class C. All the teachers who teach in different classes will receive an additional 1,000 yuan teaching and research allowance per month. The other teachers teach two classes each, while the teacher in charge of the C class only teaches one class."

  Yang Xianliang, the principal of Baiyun Province, told reporters that the corrections should carry out classroom reforms and explore deep learning classrooms.

For example, in the class of "Four Ancient Poems" in the first year of the Chinese language, the teacher no longer introduces the author, time background, and cultural knowledge one by one according to the PPT, and the students passively learn; instead, the teacher provides all the materials to the students before the class, so that the students can read by themselves , To find out the emotional connection of the content of the poem, find the problem and make an analysis, and finally gain an understanding of the emotional content of the poem.

  Innovative path to create unique educational advantages such as foreign languages ​​and technology

  "How do you say Okonomiyaki in Japanese?" The children in the Japanese Specialty Class of Junior One of the CUHK High School kept asking questions about a table of ingredients.

At the beginning of the class, Lao Cuiyue, a full-time Japanese teacher in the foreign language group, talked about the source, production steps, culture and history of Okonomiyaki, and finally entered the do-it-yourself cooking session that children are most looking forward to.

  It is reported that in the first year of the first year of the junior high school, students will learn to make okonomiyaki, miso soup, sewing bags, and compare Chinese tea art with Japanese tea ceremony in Japanese housekeeping class... While learning the skills of independent living, they should care about life and society and learn. Critically identify and solve problems.

  On the other side of the German special class, foreign language and chemistry "meet".

After learning some German chemical terms "test tube", "solution", etc., under the experimental guidance of the German version, the students tried the silver mirror reaction, explored the mystery of the pH value, observed the chemical reaction of potatoes and iodine, and finally completed German version of the experiment report.

  German teacher Ji Kexin introduced that this is called CLIL teaching, which is the integrated teaching method of content and language, which connects subject learning and language learning. The two are of equal importance and promote each other and improve together.

  This is the epitome of the innovative path and characteristic running of high-quality private schools.

  Wu Yingmin, vice president of the Chinese Education Association and honorary principal of Guangzhou Middle School, said that traditional high-quality private schools face the challenge of strengthening internal strength and creating characteristics. In the future, quality and characteristics must be used to attract some families to give up free public education.

  Stabilize the teaching staff in the past year, at least 14 private schools in the city have increased prices

  After the "citizen recruits" boots were launched last year, private schools set off a wave of price increases, and this year's price increase trend continues unabated.

It is understood that in the past year, at least 14 private schools in Guangzhou have increased their prices, and some of them have increased their tuition fees to 890,000 yuan per year.

  On March 16, the official website of the Panyu District Development and Reform Bureau announced the approval of the fees for six private schools. The largest increases were Hengrun Experimental School and Dashi Huijiang Experimental School. The annual tuition increased by 30,000 yuan and about 10,000 yuan respectively.

In addition, Tianhe Province’s actual high school fees at the beginning of 2020 is 87,000 yuan/year, an increase of nearly 40,000 yuan from 49,000 yuan in 2019; the 2020 tuition fee of Baiyun Guangfu Experiment is 61,120 yuan/year, which is 26,000 yuan/year in 2019. The year’s soaring 135%; the second middle school Yingyuan’s 2020 tuition fee will increase by 17.4%; the Panyu Zhixin will increase by 9.5%, reaching 57,640 yuan per year.

  There is also a wave of civil corrections on the way to increase prices.

The reporter learned that a number of private schools have reported price increases to the Development and Reform Department and are awaiting approval.

Among them, the tuition standard proposed by the High School Affiliated to the University of China is 80,000 yuan per year.

  Why do private schools have increased prices?

"Private primary and secondary schools are inevitable because the cost is high." Wu Yingmin told reporters that after "citizens recruiting the same", in the face of the untidy source of students, private schools must increase the remuneration of teachers to retain good teachers and increase softness. Hardware investment in research and development of more effective teaching methods.

  It is understood that the current teachers' treatment in private schools in Guangzhou is generally lower than that in public schools, and a considerable part of the increased tuition is first invested in improving the treatment of teachers.

  Gong Dechang said: “If you can’t recruit people or retain the backbone, everything else is just empty talk. In the past two years, the school has invested more than 5 million yuan to improve teachers’ salaries. Teachers who have contributed a lot have to work harder, and teachers’ salaries generally rise. It is equivalent to the treatment of teachers in public schools."

  Industry changes, some private schools may be transferred to public offices or exit sadly

  On March 22, the Guangzhou Municipal Education Bureau announced that Guangzhou Guangya Experimental School (Liwan Guangya), which had been running for 19 years, was transformed from private to public and renamed as "Xiguan Guangya Experimental School Dongfeng West Road Campus".

Industry insiders believe that in the future, some private schools in Guangzhou’s compulsory education phase may face the “destiny” of transferring to the public, voluntarily withdrawing, and passively eliminating them.

  The Private Education Promotion Law implemented in 2017 stipulates that for-profit private schools in the compulsory education stage are prohibited.

Against this background, some private schools with mature conditions, meeting policy requirements, and the financial resources of the local government to accept them, will gradually be converted to public schools.

  "In the compulsory education stage, the withdrawal and elimination of some private schools is inevitable." Wu Yingmin said that after removing some private schools that provide high-quality and characteristic education, most private schools serve groups who do not have household registration but cannot enter public schools. of.

With the government's comprehensive protection of the right to education for the children of migrant workers, and policy requirements for the quality of private education, the living space of these ordinary private schools is getting smaller and smaller, and its reduction is inevitable.


  Public and private schools continue to change, how should schools respond?

What kind of government supervision and protection is needed?

How should parents adjust the parenting experience?

  Severely punish illegal enrollment and build a good education ecology

  Wu Yingmin pointed out that in the future, both public and private schools will face the trend of decreasing student source selectivity, increasing diversity, and increasing competition on the same platform.

The school must do two things well, one is to arrange classes in different levels and to teach students in accordance with their aptitude; the other is to create characteristics and forge advantages.

  At the same time, government departments should severely punish violations of enrollment behavior, supplemented by education evaluation reform, build a good education ecology, and achieve high-quality education development.

The reforms of the enrollment system, such as the same enrollment of citizens, quotas for school, and nearest enrollment, are all aimed at making the education ecology healthier.

  Parents have a long-term vision and the training plan is extended to 9 years

  The New Deal last year "scares" many parents, and even children who have not yet attended elementary school are asking about what to do.

  Citizens are recruited at the same time. In the "Buddhist school" era, there is no immediate pressure to enter a higher education, and the child's training plan is stretched to nine years.

Although each family has different educational concepts, most elementary school students may not have to worry about participating in various tutoring classes and tuition classes.

The reporter learned from a number of training institutions that the number of pupils in elementary school subject tutoring under the New Deal has been significantly reduced, with some institutions dropping by about 40%.

  In the face of the Xiaoshengchu New Deal, experts suggest that parents adjust their children's training goals.

At the elementary school level, more emphasis is placed on expanding children’s ability to learn in the future, instead of “how many things are packed in” for a while; let children discover and explore interest freely, and remain curious about the world; focus on physical exercise, develop a strong physique, and have the strength to cope with the future Learn and compete.