The inheritance and development of the excellent Chinese traditional culture has been fruitful——

Highlight cultural charm and enhance cultural self-confidence

  Our reporter Zheng Haiou

  "People's Daily" (Edition 06, April 13, 2021)

  Completed more than 2.7 million ancient books census registration data, identified more than 100,000 representative items of intangible cultural heritage, the 6 seasons of the "Chinese Poetry Conference" received more than 3 billion viewers, the Chinese classic recitation contest attracted hundreds of thousands of people to participate, traditional festival culture Loved by young people...

  The implementation of the Chinese Excellent Traditional Culture Inheritance and Development Project is a major strategic move for the party and the country to continue the Chinese cultural heritage and inherit the excellent traditions.

Since the Central Office and the State Council issued the "Opinions on the Implementation of the Inheritance and Development Project of Chinese Excellent Traditional Culture" in 2017, all localities and departments have conscientiously implemented the important speech and important instructions of General Secretary Jinping on the inheritance and development of Chinese excellent traditional culture. A batch of in-depth research and interpretation of the essence of traditional culture, popularization of cultural classics, created a batch of fine art and creative cultural products that reflect the connotation of traditional culture, produced a batch of TV programs that tell Chinese stories and have extensive influence, and launched A number of cultural activities with regional characteristics and showing the charm of Chinese culture have achieved positive results in the inheritance and development work.

  In order to continuously satisfy the people’s new expectations for culture, the Central Propaganda Department has recently officially issued the "Fourteenth Five-Year Plan for Key Projects of the Inheritance and Development of Chinese Excellent Traditional Culture", which puts forward specific requirements for the succession and development of the next five years. .

  Memory, inheritance, innovation, and dissemination. Through creative transformation and innovative development, Chinese excellent traditional culture is gradually letting people understand and love excellent traditional culture, and cultural self-confidence has been significantly enhanced.

 Find out the cultural heritage and establish a comprehensive database of cultural resources

  There are 23 ancient books on silk and silk during the pre-Qin and Han Dynasties, 29 ancient books from the Sui and Tang Dynasties in the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, 91 ancient books from the Song, Liao, Xia, Jin and Yuan Dynasties, 503 ancient books from the Ming and Qing Dynasties, and 94 ancient books in ethnic minority languages... In the second half of last year, the Ministry of Culture and Tourism announced The sixth batch of national catalogues of precious ancient books, covering different periods, different ethnic groups, different regions, different carrier forms, and different binding forms in China, has received widespread attention from the whole society.

  The national ancient book protection project has been progressing smoothly in recent years. As of 2020, more than 2.7 million census registration data have been completed, six batches of the "National Catalogue of Precious Ancient Books" and the national key protection unit for ancient books have been published, more than 3.6 million ancient books have been restored, and ancient books practitioners have been trained. There are more than 10,000 personnel; a total of 72,000 digital resources of ancient books have been released nationwide; major publishing projects such as "Reconstruction of Chinese Rare Books (Part I and II)" and "Basic Classics Series of Chinese Studies" have been successfully implemented...

  The prerequisite for the inheritance and development of Chinese excellent traditional culture is to understand the cultural heritage, and to in-depth study and explain the historical origin, development context, and basic trend of Chinese culture.

In recent years, the census project of Chinese cultural resources, the national ancient book protection project, the publishing project of Chinese folk literature, and the publishing project of Chinese folk music inheritance have been continuously promoted, and new progress and new results have been continuously achieved.

  Promote the construction of a public database of Chinese cultural resources; complete the national survey of local opera types and release the results, organize the compilation of "The Complete Works of Chinese Opera Types"; promote the census of ancient books, complete 2.7 million 18,000 letters; promote the census of museum collections, and submit 414,000 data More articles, total data is 6.9TB... The Ministry of Culture and Tourism has actively promoted the census and review of cultural relics, intangible cultural heritage, ancient books, local operas, art museum collections, and the Chinese cultural resources census project has achieved a series of results.

  The Central Propaganda Department takes the lead in implementing the Chinese ethnic music inheritance and publishing project, conducts a survey of ethnic music across the country, collects and organizes ethnic music resources scattered in various regions and fields through collection recording, and records about 128 hours of collection samples; preliminary; Completed the database and tone library; completed the digital restoration for about 1328 hours.

The publication project of the Chinese Folk Literature Department started the compilation of a total of 195 volumes, of which 32 sub-volumes entered the editing process of the publishing house. The first, second and third phases of the basic data database completed 14,577 volumes and 3,169,961 pages.

The compilation project of "One Hundred Classics of Chinese Traditional Culture" is continuously advancing. By the end of 2020, 5 batches of books totaling 40 titles have been compiled and published.

The Chinese traditional village protection project led by the Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development has announced 135 national historical and cultural cities, 799 Chinese historical and cultural towns and villages, and 6,819 Chinese traditional villages. 912 historical and cultural blocks have been delineated and 3.85 historical buildings have been identified. Ten thousand places.

  Improve the protection and inheritance level, let the cultural heritage "live"

  Hang up colorful New Year pictures, play with rich cultural creations, and send out interesting expressions... Now every time around the Spring Festival, New Year pictures will be popular online and offline.

In recent years, under the guidance of the Intangible Heritage Department of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism, new works, new applications, and new dissemination of New Year pictures have emerged one after another, and the old New Year pictures have given the breath of the times.

  The "fire up" of the New Year pictures is a microcosm of the continuous effectiveness of the intangible cultural heritage inheritance and development project.

In recent years, the "Implementation Plan for Intangible Cultural Heritage Inheritance and Development Project" and "Special Plan for Intangible Cultural Heritage Protection (2019-2025)" have been issued one after another; more than 100,000 representative intangible cultural heritage projects have been identified, including national-level intangible cultural heritage representative projects 1372 items; 3068 national-level representative inheritors of intangible heritage were identified...non-genetic inheritance development has gradually realized "seeing people and things see life", non-genetic inheritors are becoming more and more confident, and the inheritance effect is getting better and better.

  In recent years, the special performances of "The Biography of Famous Artists—The Project of Recruiting Apprentices of Contemporary Chinese Opera" have always attracted the attention of fans everywhere. Under the guidance of famous opera actors, more and more outstanding young talents have emerged.

  As one of the important contents of the Xiqu Inheritance and Revitalization Project, the "Famous Operas-Contemporary Opera Masters' Apprenticeship Project" supports 100 famous opera artists to teach 200 young performers 200 classic excerpts every year.

The Peking Opera Video and Audiovisual Project recorded more than 350 classic traditional repertoires of Peking Opera; the Peking Opera Video and Audiovisual Project recorded 25 classic traditional repertoires.

Traditional Chinese opera enters the campus and into the countryside in an orderly manner, and more and more young people learn opera, understand opera, and love opera.

  This year’s Spring Festival, China Central Radio and Television Children’s Channel launched a program "Win at the Museum", focusing on revolutionary cultural relics, leading children into the Memorial Hall of the First Congress of the Communist Party of China, the August 1st Nanchang Uprising Memorial Hall, etc., to learn, experience, and touch history.

Innovatively tell the stories behind revolutionary cultural relics such as a pole and a pair of straw sandals, and interspersed with documentaries, information films, and biographical films of various periods, not only allowing children to understand the rich red history, but also to realize the revolutionary spirit.

  With the advancement of the project of protection and utilization of revolutionary cultural relics, revolutionary cultural relics have gradually become the focus of attention of the whole society.

In recent years, the Central Office and the State Council have issued the "Opinions on the Implementation of the Revolutionary Cultural Relics Protection and Utilization Project (2018-2022)"; the revolutionary cultural relics resources are basically clear. There are more than 36,000 immovable revolutionary cultural relics across the country, and the state-owned collections can be moved. There are more than 1 million pieces/sets of revolutionary cultural relics, and the total number of revolutionary museums and memorials exceeds 1,600.

This year marks the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China. Revolutionary museums and memorial halls in various places have carried out various activities, attracting people from all walks of life to carry out party history study and education. Film and television works and new media products surrounding revolutionary cultural relics are more eye-catching.

  Introduce excellent literary and artistic works to better integrate into production and life

  Explore the stories of classics and understand the ideas of classics. CCTV "China in Classics" is currently on the air. The program focuses on "Shangshu", "Heavenly Creations", "History" and other well-known classics at home and abroad, through time and space dialogue The innovative form of "Drama + Film and Television" is used to tell the origin, circulation and stories of classics in the long river of history, showing the Chinese wisdom, Chinese spirit and Chinese value contained in them.

The new technological means such as screen projection, AR, and real-time tracking in the program, and the innovatively designed "historical space" and "realistic space" impress the audience, and are especially popular with young audiences.

  How to express the concepts, wisdom, tolerance and charm of traditional culture artistically and vividly?

The Chinese Culture Broadcasting and Television Communication Project has made a series of explorations-"China Place Names Convention", "National Treasures", "The Reader", "Classic Chant Chuan" and other program columns to deeply explore traditional cultural resources, highlighting poetry, cultural relics, opera, folk songs and other traditions Cultural elements have won praises from a broad audience.

This year, China Central Radio and Television is working on the creation of four documentaries: "Song of the Great Wall", "Song of the Grand Canal", "Song of the Long March" and "Song of the Yellow River", and will launch the "Chinese Archaeology Conference".

  The annual "Chinese Poetry Conference" is the expectation of many viewers. According to statistics, the 6 seasons of "Chinese Poetry Conference" received more than 3 billion viewers.

  In order to guide young people to perceive the charm of Chinese culture and inherit the genes of Chinese culture in a subtle way, the Ministry of Education organized a Chinese classic recitation and lecture contest, and carried out a series of events such as classic recitation, poetry explanation, Chinese character writing, and student seal cutting; various events were carried out at important time nodes. This is a classic recitation activity, and the live broadcast program of "The Power of Fighting Epidemic Reciting the Chinese Spirit" is inspiring.

The State Administration of Radio, Film and Television has guided the development of 40 animation projects that promote the Chinese spirit, tell Chinese stories, and have Chinese styles, including "The Great Yu Governing the Waters", "The Foolish Old Man Moves the Mountains", "The Yang Family", "The Romance of the Grand Canal" and "Chinese Mythological Stories". Traditional cultural theme online cartoons have produced good social benefits.

  Adopting popular methods, contemporary expressions, and focusing on digital applications are the inevitable choices for traditional culture to gain roots in the hearts of the people in the new media era.

In recent years, a series of online themed events planned by the Chinese Cultural New Media Communication Project have attracted the attention of netizens, such as the "School@家国" network communication activities, the "名家@传承" theme activities, and the launch of the "Most Beautiful China Color-Watching China" series of short videos, etc., once became a hot topic among netizens.

  Traditional festivals are an important time node for the inheritance of Chinese excellent traditional culture.

Nowadays, during traditional festivals such as Spring Festival, Tomb-sweeping Festival, Mid-Autumn Festival, a batch of traditional festival animation, micro-video, live video and other online cultural products will be widely forwarded in the circle of friends.

The festival contains rich cultural connotations, values ​​and ethics such as resigning from the old and welcoming the new, blessing the good, chasing after the long-term carefully, remembering the martyrs, feelings of the family and the country, patriotism and other rich cultural connotations, values ​​and ethics.

  During the "14th Five-Year Plan" period, the construction of national cultural parks, the protection and inheritance of the Yellow River culture, the protection and utilization of the Grand Canal culture, and the inheritance and innovation of ancient Chinese characters will play an important role in promoting the inheritance and development of Chinese excellent traditional culture.

As the inheritance and development work continues to deepen, all localities and departments should open up new horizons, open up new paths, try new methods, and focus on the extraction and display of the essence, the integration of value concepts, and the integration of cultural heritage. Work hard on systematic protection, the activation and utilization of cultural resources, and the restoration and conservation of cultural ecology, vigorously highlighting the charm of Chinese culture.