China News Service, March 20th (Chen Jing Jinheng) Today is World Oral Health Day. Professor Zhang Ying, deputy chairman of the Chinese Association of Stomatological Dental Preventive Medicine Committee and chief physician of Shanghai Stomatological Hospital, emphasized "life" in an interview with reporters. "Early 1000 days" is an important window period for the prevention of adult oral diseases.
It is reported that the theme of this year's World Oral Health Day is "Proud of Healthy Oral."
From the beginning of pregnancy in October, the life course of the tooth has begun.
Professor Zhang Ying said that deciduous tooth germs and some permanent tooth germs begin to develop at the fetal stage. At this time, if the pregnant woman receives insufficient calcium, phosphorus and other minerals, it may affect the development of fetal tooth germs.
According to reports, after a child is born, the choice of diet directly affects oral health.
Professor Zhang Ying pointed out that too much sugar leads to an increased risk of tooth decay; sugary drinks, especially carbonated drinks, also increase the risk of tooth decay; a fine diet, chewing ability cannot be exercised, and if the baby teeth cannot fall off in time, it will cause "double Teeth arrangement"; lack of chewing stimulation, prone to underdevelopment of the maxillofacial region and dental arch, which affects appearance and leads to crowded teeth arrangement and other consequences.
The fifth round of the three-year action plan for public health in Shanghai launched the "Oral Health Service Model Optimization of "One Old One"" Oral Huimin Project. According to reports, the Huimin Project will establish oral health management for pregnant women, infants and young children. Promotion and application throughout Shanghai lays a solid foundation for oral health coverage throughout the life cycle.
Since eating sugar can cause tooth decay, shouldn't you eat less staple foods rich in carbohydrates?
In this regard, Professor Zhang Ying introduced that the two have different effects on the oral cavity.
Carbohydrates, also known as sugar compounds, are an energy source that maintains the activities of the brain, heart, and bones.
Insufficient intake will lead to energy loss in the body.
The commonly referred to as sugar is free sugar. After consumption, it will affect the intake and absorption of other low-calorie nutritious foods, disrupt the dietary balance, and cause a series of health problems, including oral health problems.
In this expert's opinion, sugar should not be avoided in the daily diet, but carbohydrates, fruits and vegetables should be eaten in a balanced manner.
Professor Zhang Ying told reporters that cellulose-rich foods such as fruits and vegetables can help clean teeth during the chewing process, reduce the accumulation of plaque on the tooth surface, and reduce the risk of tooth decay.
Foods that are resistant to chewing such as corn can stimulate the maxillofacial development of children during the growth and development period, are conducive to the absorption of the roots of deciduous teeth, the smooth eruption of permanent teeth, and the normal development of the jaws.
Professor Zhang Ying also pointed out that the choice of food should be soft and hard. Food that is too hard can also harm teeth.