Loach Party·Explosive Hook·Tandem Hook Fishing: "New Fancy" Fishing on the Yangtze River is actually fishing

  Our reporter Wang Jintao, Li Song, Wang Xiaotong

  The Yangtze River Protection Law, which came into effect on March 1, stipulates: "During the time limit set by the state, the main stream and important tributaries of the Yangtze River, large lakes, and the designated area of ​​the Yangtze River estuary and other key waters are completely prohibited from the productive fishing of natural fishery resources." Then Fishing enthusiasts along the Yangtze River can breathe a sigh of relief, because they can still enjoy the fun of "Lonely Boats and Lonely Fishing in the Snow" at the specified time and in the specified waters.

  However, during the ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River, fishing has caused some problems and confusion: seemingly fishing but essentially productive fishing has been repeatedly banned, and “sideball” fishing behaviors that damage fishery resources may not be restricted if they cannot be restricted. The trend is getting stronger and stronger.

For example, the "Loach Party", which uses breeding loach as bait and specializes in fishing for ferocious carnivorous fish, can directly destroy the ecological balance of a water area; the string hook fishing method formed by tying seven or eight hooks to a fishing line, sometimes You can catch seven or eight catties of "Huang La Ding", which is expensive in the market in one night; use the "explosive hook" to catch big fish in the deep water area. The more the fish churn, the more hooks you can hang on your body. The fish are either dead or injured... Because some destructive fishing tackle and fishing methods are refurbished, many of them are not within the scope of management of prohibited fishing tackle and fishing law negative lists, and it is very difficult to enforce the law at the grassroots level.

In combination with the implementation of the Yangtze River Protection Law, timely improvement of laws and policies, and scientific management of fishing tackle and fishing methods in the natural waters of the Yangtze River are urgent tasks.

The refurbished Yangtze River fishing

  There is a huge group of fishing enthusiasts along the Yangtze River basin. How to regulate their fishing behavior and protect fish resources is a difficult problem.

The reporter visited along the river and found that because some fishing tackles and fishing methods were not included in the list of prohibited fishing tackles and fishing laws, grassroots law enforcement attacks sometimes faced the embarrassment of “unable to follow”.

  Among them, the visual anchor is a new type of fishing gear popular in my country in recent years, which is composed of fishing rods, video monitors, barbs and other components.

Its fishing method is: through underwater video surveillance, when the fish swims over the barb, it is stabled and caught.

According to Chen Ming, a cadre of the Agricultural Comprehensive Administrative Law Enforcement Detachment in Fuling District, Chongqing, this method of fishing with tackle is very efficient and causes great harm to fish.

The catch is generally larger fish, and the stabbed fish will often die quickly whether it is picked up or escaped.

  According to Yao Weizhi, a professor at the Fisheries College of Southwest University, Chongqing’s list of prohibited and restricted fishing gear was announced 10 years ago, and the visual anchor was not included.

Grassroots fishery law enforcement officers know that such fishing gear and fishing methods are destructive to fish resources, but they are difficult to effectively attack.

Until 2020, after judicial identification, Chongqing identified the visual anchor as a type of fighting rod and included it in the list of prohibited fishing gear, so that there was a clear basis for the attack.

  Negative lists of fishing tackle and fishing methods are implemented in various places, but overall, the update of the list of prohibited fishing tackles often lags behind the update of fishing tackle.

In addition to visual anchors, new fishing methods such as "loach gang" that use breeding loach as bait to catch ferocious fish such as scallops, string hooks with multiple hooks in one line, and "explosive hooks" continue to appear. Such resources have a destructive effect.

  Just the "explosive hooks" that are very harmful to fish, there are different classifications such as the "big bang" with 8 hooks on the first line and the "small bang" with 4 hooks on the first line.

But anglers use "explosive hooks" to catch big fish. The more fierce the fish churn in the water, the greater the probability of being caught by other hooks.

As long as you get the bait, you usually can't escape.

  "New fishing methods such as'explosive hooks' and string hooks are clearly detrimental to fishery resources, but because they are not included in the list of prohibited fishing gear, it is difficult to investigate and deal with them." said Xiang Hong, a cadre of the Wanzhou District Agricultural Comprehensive Administrative Law Enforcement Detachment, Chongqing, and some fishermen I think these are not prohibited fishing gear and fishing laws, and often question law enforcement.

"One person, one rod" is difficult to implement

  The reporter found that the current list of prohibited fishing gear and fishing laws in some places has insufficient coverage, and its expression of prohibited fishing gear and fishing methods is not scientific and standardized enough, which is not conducive to standardizing and guiding fishing behavior.

For example, the list of prohibited fishing gear in some places includes titles such as free hook longline fishing, fighting poles, and sealed formations, but most of these are common folk names without strict classification and scientific naming, and there are irregular expressions and poor definitions. Some people often argue that this type of fishing method does not belong to the prohibited category, which increases the difficulty of law enforcement.

  "With the implementation of the ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River, all fishermen have switched to ashore and productive fishing is prohibited. However, considering the large number of fishing groups along the Yangtze River, if there are no effective regulations on the fishing gear and fishing methods for recreational fishing in the Yangtze River, it is still possible. It has a negative impact on the recovery of fish resources and violates the original intention of a ten-year ban on fishing." Yao Weizhi said.

  In order to meet the requirements of strengthening and standardizing the management of fishing in the Yangtze River waters, the Yangtze River Fishery Administration Office of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs issued a notice last year, stipulating that in principle, only one person, one pole, one line, and one hook are allowed.

However, law enforcement officials at the grass-roots level reported that the notice only provides guidance for regulating fishing behavior, and the legal effect is not enough.

  "Now when we protect fish on patrols, the most troublesome problem is how to regulate fishing behavior." Chen Wenxue, a fish protector from Chongqing Wanzhou District, told reporters that many people fish on the Yangtze River with multiple rods and multiple hooks per line. Many wild fish.

Although government departments require that only one person has one shot, one line, and one hook, this is not a law or regulation after all.

If you encounter irregular fishing behavior, you can only persuade, and there is no basis for punishment.

  At this stage, fishery law enforcement and fishery protection personnel find that one person uses multiple rods, multiple hooks and other fishing behaviors, and often they can only persuade or confiscate them in the name of temporary storage. Whether or how to penalize, there is no relevant legal and regulatory basis.

Plug the management loopholes in Yangtze River fishing

  The Yangtze River Protection Law clearly stipulates that the specific measures for the ban on fishing in the Yangtze River "are formulated by the competent department of agriculture and rural areas under the State Council in conjunction with relevant departments of the State Council"; "the competent department of agriculture and rural areas under the State Council, together with relevant departments of the State Council and the provincial people's government in the Yangtze River Basin, shall strengthen the law enforcement of fishing bans in the Yangtze River Basin. Strictly investigate and punish fishing activities that damage fishery resources and the ecological environment, such as electric fish, poisoned fish, and fried fish.” The relevant departments have not yet issued the latest regulations on how to regulate fishing in the Yangtze River.

  Industry insiders believe that the Yangtze River Protection Law provides for strict fishing management in the key waters of the Yangtze River Basin, which provides legal support for relevant departments and localities to formulate specific fishing normative management measures.

At present, the agricultural and rural departments implement a "negative list" management for fishing in the Yangtze River, that is, it stipulates that fishing methods cannot be used for fishing, but "the road is one foot high, and the magic is one foot high." The tricky fishing method always allows profit-seekers to have opportunities. Can be drilled.

During the interview, some grass-roots law enforcement officers suggested that they should adapt to the requirements of the ten-year ban on fishing in the Yangtze River. Under the premise of full demonstration and careful evaluation, they can explore the change from the "negative list" to the "positive list" of fishing methods in the waters of the Yangtze River. Management has further clarified the fishing requirements of "one person, one rod", "single bait and single hook".

  The current fisheries law stipulates the prohibited fishing gear and fishing law.

Experts such as Yao Weizhi suggested that when the Fishery Law was revised, “the fishing tackle and fishing law allowed for recreational fishing in natural waters shall be stipulated by the provincial fishery administrative department” to lay a legal foundation for the establishment of the “positive list” system.

At the same time, scientific and standardized expressions of various fishing tackle and fishing methods should be carried out.

When exploring the establishment of a "positive list", the provincial fishery administrative department must comprehensively consider the relationship between the protection of the legal rights of anglers and the sustainable recovery of fish resources in the Yangtze River, and carry out professional and detailed document expressions.

  Yao Weizhi said that since it is called recreational fishing, it is necessary to accurately analyze the scientific connotation of recreational fishing and make it clear that the relevant fishing tackle and fishing methods should not excessively damage the fish resources of the Yangtze River.

Some experts suggest that the usable fishing tackle should be divided into "real bait single hook" and "artificial bait single hook"; in terms of fishing methods, only "one person, one rod" is allowed, and the competent departments at all levels should formulate specific ones as soon as possible. Fishing management methods.