Chinanews Client Beijing, March 1st (Reporter Yuan Xiuyue) More than a week after the Spring Festival holiday, the single-day box office of "Hello, Li Huanying" is still in the order of 100 million yuan, and the total box office is also advancing towards the 5 billion mark.

  Some people conclude that this is the power of empathy.

The sincere emotions of Jia Ling and her mother gave many viewers the experience of howling and crying in the theater.

"Hello, Li Huanying" poster

  Mother-daughter love, this is the protagonist in the eyes of most people.

But there is a group of children from factories and mines. When they are watching the movie, they will look at the factory area behind Li Huanying-the "Shengli Chemical Factory" in the movie. In reality, they are shot at the state-owned Weidong Machinery Factory in Xiangyang, 603. Chuangyuan and Hubei Chemical Fiber Factory.

  "The scene of the movie is what I have lived." Someone said so.

  Why is the factory located in Xiangyang, Hubei a microcosm of the hometown of many factory and mine children?

"Hello, Li Huanying" stills

A factory and mine in the mountains

  What are the children of factories and mines?

Literally understood, it is a child who grew up in the factory.

During their growth, they have a common background, three-line construction.

  From the mid-1960s to the early 1970s, my country carried out large-scale heavy industry construction in the southwest and northwest inland areas.

Groups of workers, cadres, intellectuals, and PLA officers and soldiers responded to the call and rushed from all corners of the country to third-tier areas to support construction.

Video screenshot: Tong Zhi was transferred to build the third line in "Golden Wedding"

  According to the three-line construction policy-"large dispersion, small concentration", and "set up large camps by mountains and rivers", many factories are built in sparsely populated mountainous areas or wasteland.

The location of "Hello, Li Huanying", Weidong Machinery Factory (now Hubei Weidong Holding Group Co., Ltd.) is surrounded by mountains, with the winding Han River in the distance.

  This special environment has left many special memories for the children of factories and mines.

Speaking of the years of living in the factory before the age of 7, Chen Jingzhi still remembers vividly.

"Our Shaoguan Iron and Steel Plant is a complex of factories and mines opened by blasting mountains. It is a factory and mine opened in a ravine. So when I was a child, I saw wild bees flying, weasel biting chickens, hedgehogs, snakes, rabbits, and bats. "

  He is the second generation of the factory who is about the same age as Jia Ling. His father is a music teacher at the workers' school, and his mother works in the pharmacy of the workers' hospital.

At that time, his house was on the first floor of the factory and mine dormitory area, and he still remembered that Hornet made a nest on his window sill.

"My dad is very powerful. He got the hornet's nest by just grabbing the broom without protection."

Tourists taking pictures in Hubei Weidong Holding Group Co., Ltd.

Photo by Hu Chuanlin

  Pan Yichao, the leader of the Douban group "Children of Factory and Mine", has a similar experience.

He grew up in a third-line military factory in the mountains of western Liaoning. From his father's entry in 1954 to the bankruptcy of the factory in 2005, his family lived in the factory for fifty years.

  Pan Yichao recalled that in the spring of 1967, their factory moved to the deep mountains of Nurulhu in western Liaoning. Thousands of male workers, including his father, set out first and set up camp in the deep mountains of Laoyu.

In order to keep up with the production schedule, they live in sheds in summer and rammed-earth houses that are “dry bases” in winter.

Because there is no large-scale mechanical engineering equipment, many infrastructure projects can only be carried by manual shoulders.

They laid roads on the ground, erected electric wires, built factories, and repaired dams. They were on the construction site for more than three years.

  On the other hand, production and life in the old factory in Heilongjiang are continuing.

"This kind of life in two places is very common in the third-line construction period. Jiang Wenli in "Golden Wedding" is very hard to pull four children by herself. This plot is very real. My mother is more relaxed than Jiang Wenli. At the time she only cared about my brother and my sister. , I have not been born yet." Pan Yichao said.

Tourists taking pictures in Hubei Weidong Holding Group Co., Ltd.

Photo by Hu Chuanlin

An all-in-one enterprise small society

  In the movie, Jia Xiaoling did not hesitate to pretend to be blind in order to make her mother the first person to own a TV in the factory.

Because she knows that the topic of television will become a conversation between them for many years to come.

  For Zhang Lin, who grew up in a ramie factory, this feeling is not difficult to understand.

When she was very young, she had a 9-inch TV at home.

"At that time, there were only three of the plants in our house. We lived on the third floor. There were a lot of people sitting around each night, and the house couldn't be crowded."

  What made her feel familiar was not only the television, but also the plane tree and the concrete brick wall. Her mother and Li Huanying were dressed in the same way, "simple and generous with big white teeth."

"Hello, Li Huanying" stills

  Back in 1981, the scenes in the movie almost did not leave the factory. The canteen, dormitory, movie theater, and commissary were all in the factory.

  In fact, in the 1980s and 1990s, this was the common trajectory of factory employees.

"Before the restructuring of state-owned enterprises, the factory was equal to a town, with everything." Chen Jingzhi described.

  State-owned factories contracted all social services, that is, "enterprises run society".

Whether it is social interaction or leisure and entertainment, the service facilities in the factory are all available.

Spatial distribution map of a factory in the west

  Pan Yichao believes that in the past, "taking the factory as a home" was a kind of spirit, but now it is also their state of life.

He summed up the characteristics of their communities in one sentence: self-contained homogeneous collective life.

  "Comparing the third-tier factories across the country, you will find that they are basically the same in terms of land layout, architectural style, etc., and the regularity is very obvious." Pan Yichao mentioned that many cities still retain a large number of "Khrushchev buildings." , Their factory also has the older "Su-style building" and the red brick tube building. In the movies "Steel Music" and "Charlotte Trouble", similar old brick building staff dormitories appeared.

"Charlotte Troubles" stills

  "The sparrow is small and has all its internal organs," Pan Yichao introduced. The factory's "logistics collective" consists of a cold drink factory, a staff canteen, a staff store, and a staff bath. Initially, they did not charge money but only collected tickets, which resulted in various tickets.

  There are also TV stations and newspapers in the factory. What he remembers most is the loudspeakers of the radio station.

Since the establishment of the factory, the 20 loudspeakers of the whole factory broadcast three times in the morning, afternoon and evening.

You don’t need to look at your watch when you ride a bicycle to eat, and you can count the time with your ears.

Data map: China's largest three-line construction museum.

Photo by Zhong Xin

  "The prelude "Singing the Motherland" broadcast by the loudspeaker, I have lived in the factory for 18 years, and listened to it 18,000 times. My parents have lived in the factory for 50 years, which is equivalent to listening to 50,000 Every time. So, when "Singing the Motherland" sounded at the opening ceremony of the Beijing Olympic Games, our family couldn't help tears in our eyes." Pan Yichao said.

  The factory also has a kindergarten for employees, primary and secondary schools for children, a technical school for employees and a factory TV university.

Pan Yichao recalled that the teaching level of Zidi Middle School was average, and the only advantage was convenience.

Especially close to home, his home is more than 200 meters away from the school. When there is a thunder or rain, he raises his hand to ask for leave and ran home to pick up the clothes to dry.

When parents go to work during the holidays, they all become "key kids".

Stills from the movie "I 11".

The characteristics of the children of factories and mines

  "This can be regarded as the largest'spatial reengineering' since the founding of China. In this change, not only the'regional space' is changed, but also the reorganization of social relations." Some researchers pointed out that batch by batch Technicians and front-line workers are not only building a factory, but also an emotional community.

  After Pan Yichao graduated to work, he used to travel around the world for ten years. He used to think that his experience was unique and not worthy of outsiders.

But during his business trip, he encountered many customers who were children of factories and mines.

After chatting, I realized that everyone has a common experience.

  The similar environment left some similar marks on the children of factories and mines.

For example, Zhang Lin said that most of their factories are from Shanghai, and they don't really understand what the locals around them say.

However, the whole family still says what they were in the factory.

  This kind of language is collectively referred to as "factory dialect", and some researchers call it a "language island" phenomenon. The language form of the factory area is completely different from that of the surrounding area, and it appears in the language form of the surrounding area like an island.

"Hello, Li Huanying" stills

  After the release of "Hello, Li Huanying", some netizens wondered why the factory in Xiangyang did not speak the Northeastern dialect?

It may be because my country's industrial base was in the Northeast. With the construction of the third line, the Northeast exported many talents to all parts of the country.

  Pan Yichao concluded that in addition to Mandarin with a touch of northeastern flavour, many factories often choose Mandarin as their common language because their staff come from all over the world.

  The relatively closed environment not only differentiates the language of the factory from the surroundings, but also makes a big difference in folk customs.

This makes it impossible for many factory and mine children to define their hometown.

Pan Yichuan once participated in a fellow villager's club in his freshman year, and he seemed out of place among a group of classmates who spoke local accent.

Later, for the second time in the same town, no one came to ask him again.

  "We third-line children have always been confused and don't know where we are from. Our hometown was originally an enclave. Later, the factory was abandoned and the enclave was uprooted. According to director Wang Xiaoshuai, we became a group of people without roots."

  In order to commemorate that homesickness, Pan Yichu created the novel "Children" and created the Douban group of "Children of Factory and Mine" during the writing process.

He revealed that since the release of "Hello, Li Huanying", the group "rushes" into people every day, and the current number of members has reached 2,209.

Data map: Photo of the old site of Sanxian Construction 671 Factory.

Photo by Qu Honglun

Collective life in factories and mines will become a historical term

  In 1997, the layout of the state-owned economy was adjusted strategically, and state-owned enterprises withdrew from competitive industries.

From 1998 to 2003, the number of state-owned and state-holding enterprises decreased from 238,000 to 150,000, a 40% decrease.

  "Probably around 1997, the'big laid-off'" reached its climax. Many employees of our factory squatted in the mountains and had no way out, so they had to go out looking for opportunities.

Those who were digging trenches in the city, those who carried work at cargo stations, those who worked as security guards, and those who worked as babysitters were all laid-off workers from our factory. They no longer had the sense of superiority they had before.

In 2006, our factory also ushered in a historic end.

"Pan Yichao said.

  In 2016, the General Office of the State Council issued the Guiding Opinions on Promoting the Structural Adjustment and Reorganization of Central Enterprises, which mentioned speeding up the separation of corporate social functions and solving historical problems.

Stills from the movie "The Piano of Steel".

  Collective life in factories and mines will become a historical term.

Pan Yichao said that as the last generation of children from the factory, they had witnessed the closure of the factory and the laying off of their parents when they were young, and they had long known that relying on the sky is worse than relying on themselves.

Many people flew to cities and flew to the coast, looking for a sense of physical security, some settled in cities, and some moved overseas.

From collective life to the opposite, independent, atomized life.

  Nowadays, many factory and mine children are in their 30s and 40s. In the movie "Hello, Li Huanying", they have picked up memories of their youth.