Chinanews, February 21st, title: Zunyi Conference: A critical turning point in the history of the Chinese Communist Party

  Author Yang Qian Yuan Chao Qu Honglun

  At No. 96 Ziyin Road, Honghuagang District, Zunyi City, Guizhou Province, there is a small courtyard and a building, blue tiles, pillars, gray bricks and white walls, and a large and leafy locust tree next to the building. They witnessed China together. A turbulent history of the Communist Party-on January 15, 1935, the "Zunyi Conference" held by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China established Mao Zedong's leadership position in the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Red Army, and saved the Party and the Red Army at an extremely critical moment. It saved the Chinese revolution and was a vital turning point in the party’s history.

  History will never be forgotten.

Under the plaque of "Zunyi Conference Site" written by Mao Zedong, an endless stream of tourists took pictures.

In recent years, an average of 4 million visitors have come here every year to explore the footprints of the revolutionary predecessors.

  On the 100th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China and the 86th anniversary of the Zunyi Conference, reporters from China News Service walked into the Zunyi Conference site.

The picture shows tourists visiting Qu Honglun in the Exhibition Hall of the Zunyi Conference Site

 History is turning here, a new journey begins

  Climbing up the stairs along the wooden staircase of the two-story building, passing through the corridor is the venue where the CPC Central Committee held the enlarged Politburo meeting.

  The 27-square-meter rectangular meeting room, the wall clock and the brown rectangular table hanging on the east wall are still there, the charcoal brazier is placed under the table, and the table is surrounded by 20 wooden rattan folding chairs.

Being in it, it seems to have traveled through the fierce debate that year.

  After the failure of the fifth "anti-encirclement and suppression" campaign in the Central Revolutionary Base in October 1934, the central leadership and the main forces of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army were forced to implement a strategic transfer, withdraw from the base area, and carry out the Long March to get rid of the encirclement and pursuit of the Kuomintang army.

In January 1935, after the Red Army forcibly crossed the Wujiang River, they quickly captured the heavily defended town of Zunyi in northern Guizhou.

  From January 15 to 17, 1935, the Political Bureau of the CPC Central Committee held an enlarged meeting in Zunyi.

According to the "History of the Red Army's Long March": The Zunyi Conference was held for three days. The atmosphere was intense and the voices were very loud. Every day, the meeting was closed until midnight.

The picture shows the 27-square-meter rectangular meeting room on the second floor of the Zunyi Conference Site, taken by Qu Honglun

  Among the mimeographed documents in the exhibition hall of the Zunyi Conference, there is a "Resolution of the Central Committee on the Summary of Opposing the Enemy’s Five "Encirclement and Suppression"" made by the meeting. The military commanded the "three-person regiment" and decided to cross the Yangtze River north to establish a new base.

  Wang Zhili, deputy curator of the Zunyi Conference Memorial Hall, introduced that the Zunyi Conference was a series of major decisions made independently by the Communist Party of China when the Communist Party of China broke off ties with the Communist International, marking the Chinese Communist Party’s political maturity.

  After the Zunyi Conference, the Central Red Army crossed Chishui four times, cleverly interspersed among the enemy's heavy forces, and achieved strategic initiative.

Afterwards, at the Goba meeting, the enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee decided to set up a military command group composed of Mao Zedong, Zhou Enlai, and Wang Jiaxiang (that is, the new "three-person regiment") to command the military operations of the entire army.

After the Gouba meeting, Mao Zedong personally commanded the Red Army's three crossings and four crossings of Chishui, freed from encirclement, pursuit and interception by hundreds of thousands of enemy troops, and achieved a decisive victory in the strategic shift.

  Liu Bocheng, a witness to the Zunyi Conference and revolutionary leader, wrote in "Looking Back on the Long March": The spirit of the Zunyi Conference was conveyed to the army, and the whole army was lifted up, as if the heavy fog was lifted, and all the doubts and dissatisfaction were swept away...

The picture is taken by Qu Honglun, the site of the Zunyi Conference

Tossing around looking for the four-year meeting place was finally confirmed

  The book "Entering the Zunyi Conference Site" compiled by the Zunyi Conference Memorial Hall records the process of finding and identifying the Zunyi Conference site after the founding of New China.

  In 1951, to celebrate the 30th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China, the Zunyi Prefectural Committee of the Communist Party of China and the Zunyi District Commissioner’s Office established the Preparatory Committee of the Zunyi Conference Commemoration Committee, and decided to build the Zunyi Conference Memorial Hall, so the organization began to find and confirm the venue.

  The Catholic Church on Yangliu Street in the Old Town of Zunyi, after repeated investigations and demonstrations by the Preparatory Committee, initially identified it as the "Zunyi Conference Address."

  In January 1954, the preparatory organization of the Chinese Revolution Museum in Beijing wrote to the Zunyi Municipal Party Committee of the Communist Party of China that it was found in a document that the 1935 enlarged meeting of the Political Bureau of the Central Committee was held in the mansion of the warlord Bo Huizhang in the old city of Zunyi.

  In August 1954, Yang Shangkun, then director of the General Office of the Central Committee, telegraphed the Guizhou Provincial Party Committee that the Zunyi meeting was held in the house of the Qian warlord Bai Huizhang.

It also pointed out that the Catholic Church was once the resident of the General Political Department of the Red Army.

At this point, the venue of the Zunyi Conference has finally been determined.

  In October 1955, the Zunyi Conference site was opened to the inside after preliminary maintenance and planning; on July 1, 1957, it was officially named "Zunyi Conference Site" and opened to the outside world.

The site of the Zunyi Conference is also one of the first 21 revolutionary memorials established in China.

In November 1964, Mao Zedong inscribed "Zunyi Conference Site" for the site.

Among the many historical sites of China's revolution, the site of the Zunyi Conference is the only one named by Mao Zedong.

The picture is taken by Qu Honglun, the site of the Zunyi Conference

Inherit the spirit of the Zunyi Conference and walk the Long March in the new era

  In the Zunyi Conference Exhibition Hall, a little girl wearing a red scarf and a red and white explainer is introducing the historical story of the Zunyi Conference to tourists.

She is Yang Chengye, a fifth-grade student of Zunyi Changzheng Primary School, and a "little red volunteer preacher" at the Zunyi Conference Memorial Hall.

Yang Chengye said: "I am proud of the history of Zunyi, and I hope that more people can learn about the Zunyi Conference."

  There are hundreds of "Little Red Voluntary Preachers" in Zunyi. In addition to training "Little Red Voluntary Preachers" from the fifth grade of elementary school, Zunyi City is also carrying out a series of cultural activities on campus.

  As the first curator of the Zunyi Conference Memorial Hall and a descendant of the old Red Army Kong Xianquan, 51-year-old Kong Xia has volunteered to preach for 7 years.

"I hope that more children and young people can understand the story of the Long March, so that they can quietly accept the nourishment of this period of history and culture." Kong Xia said that she spent her spare time to spread the spirit of the Zunyi Conference and the Long March. s story.

  "The site of the Zunyi Conference is the source of cultural self-confidence for Zunyi and Guizhou people." Wang Zhili said, "We must pass on the Zunyi Conference spirit of firm belief, seeking truth from facts, independence, and daring to break new paths."

  "Xiongguan Mandao is really like iron, and now we are striding forward from the beginning." The spirit of the Zunyi Conference has become a huge driving force for the people of Guizhou to forge ahead and catch up.

The inland provinces that were once skewed in the southwest have become a transportation hub connecting the southwest with South China, South China, and Northwest China. Guizhou, once the province with the largest poverty population, the largest poverty area, and the deepest poverty in the country, has created the "Guizhou" for China's fight against poverty. "Miracle"; the former "Three Nos" provinces have achieved the number one growth rate of digital economy in China for five consecutive years, and have gone through the "Golden Decade" of leapfrog development.