China News Service, Jinan, February 20 (Zhao Xiao) The Shandong Provincial Department of Education recently drafted and issued the "Fifteen Regulations on the Standardization of School Running in Shandong Province" (hereinafter referred to as the "Fifteen Regulations on Running Schools") for public comments.
Among them, in terms of strengthening homework management, the "Fifteen Rules for Running Schools" proposed that teachers should complete all written assignments and do not assign homework to parents or require parents to review homework, which caused particular concern.
A reporter from Chinanews.com interviewed a number of school teachers and parents of students. They generally expressed support and approval of this regulation.
The reporter combed through media reports and found that the phenomenon of teachers asking parents to correct homework on their behalf has long existed. As a result, news such as parents withdrawing from the class group and complaining about "stressfulness" have become hot topics for many times.
Since 2018, the education departments of Shaanxi, Shanxi, Zhejiang, Guangdong, Liaoning and other provinces have successively issued relevant documents to standardize the "correction of tasks".
Focusing on the key tasks in 2021, the Ministry of Education also put forward clear requirements for the assignments of each section in February this year. The primary school assignments should not leave the school, and the class assignments should be completed on campus. The junior high school assignments should not exceed the guidelines, and the senior high school assignments should not exceed the boundaries. , Let the responsibility of the school return to the school, let the responsibility of the family return to the family.
The teachers took out incentive measures and issued "homework-free cards" to students who were serious in class, actively answered questions, and performed well.
"For students' homework, the school has always required teachers to make full revisions, so as not to increase the burden on parents." Wei Zhenzhen, a teacher at the primary school affiliated to Shandong Normal University, told reporters that the teacher's responsibility for correcting homework is to let parents pay attention to their children's homework. Teachers will also recommend and encourage parents to sign their children’s work on quality and completion level, so that they have a basic understanding and mastery of their children’s learning. However, the inspection and evaluation of the work is done by the teacher and will not be passed on to the parents. The school also prohibits Teachers assign homework to parents through QQ groups and other channels.
Li Shuang, a teacher at Jiefang Road No. 1 Primary School in Jinan City, who has been working on the front line for nearly 20 years, also believes that correcting student homework is the teacher's own work, and teachers can use this to better grasp the students' learning situation and provide targeted guidance.
The role of parents is only to urge their children to complete their homework as required.
"The original intention and goal of both home and school to educate their children are the same. They are all for their healthy growth and all-round development, but the methods and approaches are different. Educational synergy should be formed."
Sun Yanru, who was a teacher in the same elementary school as Li Shuang, has been accustomed to making full revisions to the written assignments completed by students for many years, and the students' workbooks are full of her red notes and comments.
"Most of my time is to complete the correction of students' homework in school. I have become accustomed to teaching since I was a teacher. I don't find it hard or stressful." Sun Yanru said that she very much agrees with Shandong's proposed new "15 rules for running a school". It also emphasized the need to design homework scientifically, without assigning repetitive and punitive homework.
She introduced that the written assignments for the three subjects of language, mathematics and English can be completed in about one hour every day. In order to encourage students to make progress, the teachers also provide incentives to attend class carefully, answer questions actively, and perform well. From the side, students are also reducing the burden on students by issuing "writing-free assignment cards".
"The knowledge the child learns now has changed a lot from when I was in school, so I don't usually teach him homework, let alone correct his homework. If the child encounters problems that he does not understand, he will directly consult the teacher." In an interview with a reporter from Chinanews.com, the parent Liu Yili said that as a parent, she usually supervises her children to develop good study habits and cares about the completion of their daily homework. The quality and content of the homework are checked and evaluated by the teacher.
In her view, parents’ non-participation in homework correction does not mean that they should let go of their children’s education. They should also cooperate with teachers. For example, timely supervision and remind children to complete homework carefully, maintain regular work and rest, and regular study time.
Children’s lifelong education always requires the cooperation of home and school, a good division of labor, their respective responsibilities, mutual understanding and support.
The picture shows the teachers sitting together commenting on the homework completed by the students.
The student’s parent Zhao Zheng said that Shandong requires teachers to review and approve the written work of students, which undoubtedly reduces the burden on parents. He also has to be busy with work. If children can study hard and improve their grades under the guidance of the school and teachers, the parents will also Can worry less.
At the moment, her child is in the transitional stage from elementary school to junior high school. There are more junior high school courses and more academic pressure. She hopes that her child can adjust his work and rest time in advance, develop good living habits, and more calmly deal with changes in entering school. .
"The regulations drafted by the education department pay more attention to the comprehensive development of children's moral, intellectual, physical, and artistic, and care about children's physical and mental health. It emphasizes that schools should ensure students' sleep time and scientific exercise time. In the long run, it is very beneficial to children's healthy growth. ."
The "Fifteen Regulations on Standardization of School Running in Shandong Province" proposes that schools must adhere to moral education, improve intellectual education, strengthen physical exercise, enhance aesthetic education, strengthen labor education, improve work and rest management, and ensure that students daily campus sports during school The activity time is not less than 1 hour to guarantee the students’ daily sleep time. Elementary school students are not less than 10 hours, junior high school students are not less than 9 hours, and high school students are not less than 8 hours.
The deadline for comments is February 24, 2021.