[Well-off China] Farmers in the Hexi Corridor "Farming in the Hand" Say goodbye to "Coolie + Brute Force"

  [Explanation] In the summer morning, in the Sunlight Greenhouse Modern Agriculture Park in Xiashuang Town, Liangzhou District, Wuwei City, Gansu Province, Li Zhongcheng, a villager in Heshui Village, operates a machine, pulls up the curtain, and turns on the phone to check information such as temperature and humidity. Start picking tomatoes.

  Wuwei is located in the central part of Gansu Province, the gateway to the Hexi Corridor. Its Liangzhou District is the largest facility vegetable production base in Northwest China, and its solar greenhouse planting area ranks first in the province.

  Li Zhongcheng, a "farmer" for generations, never imagined that his "hands-on farming" life would be so easy and simple.

  [Concurrent] Li Zhongcheng, a villager in Heshui Village, Xiashuang Town, Liangzhou District, Wuwei City, Gansu Province

  The shed that was set up in 1997, at that time, was our Wuwei generation solar greenhouse. When we got up in the morning, we had to pull the (grass) curtain on time and pull the (grass) curtain on one shed. For one person, it would take more than 40 minutes. In the afternoon, the curtains are also put down, which requires more than 30 minutes of labor.

  [Explanation] The morning sun is sprinkled on the greenhouse of the vegetable base, making the whole park quiet and full of vitality. In the greenhouse, tomatoes are growing vigorously, and the hidden air temperature and humidity sensors, soil temperature and humidity sensors, carbon dioxide concentration sensors, light intensity sensors and other equipment are particularly conspicuous.

  Li Zhongcheng, who has never gone to school, can't understand the meaning of "smart agriculture", but he knows that farming used to be a general mobilization of the whole family, and now that technology and equipment are in the shed, they no longer work hard and brute force.

  [Concurrent] Li Zhongcheng, a villager in Heshui Village, Xiashuang Town, Liangzhou District, Wuwei City, Gansu Province

  The government installed an app in the shed. It can be said that many of them are mechanized equipment. There is an app on the mobile phone. I am at home and I can see the temperature in the shed when I turn on the mobile phone. When you open the air vent, the temperature is still low. When you click on the phone, the air vent is automatically covered. Sometimes, if you don't come (in the field), you can just do some things on the phone.

  [Explanation] In order to adapt to the development of modern agriculture, Liangzhou District officially applied the big data platform to explore the upgrading of traditional solar greenhouse planting to smart agriculture.

  Yang Zhiqiang, deputy director of the Xiashuang Town Office, said that monitoring the growth of crops through multiple series of sensors is conducive to "intelligent" and "refined" planting.

  [Concurrent] Yang Zhiqiang, Deputy Director of Xiashuang Town Office, Liangzhou District, Wuwei City, Gansu

  Install temperature, humidity, light intensity, and carbon dioxide concentration sensors in our solar greenhouse, automatically collect data every 15 minutes, and perform a summary of our big data integrated platform. Big data will comprehensively analyze the physiological indicators of the entire crop. It is to provide scientific basis for our next crop.

  [Explanation] Yang Zhiqiang said that in the past, one farmer had two types of greenhouses at most, but now, through the Internet of Things, farmers can plant 6 greenhouses. At the same time, the local area has also established an agricultural remote consultation platform with the Gansu Provincial Academy of Agricultural Sciences and Gansu Agricultural University. Experts can obtain monitoring data and images at any time for online consultation.

  It is understood that in 2019, the facility vegetable production area in Liangzhou District reached 118,000 mu, with a total output of 800,000 tons, and a total output value of 3.07 billion yuan.

  Ai Qinglong reports from Wuwei, Gansu

Editor in charge: [Li Ji]