During epidemic prevention and control, habits such as wearing masks, "one-meter noodles", meal-sharing system, reservation system, online consumption, and refusing to eat wild animals have gradually become popular.

What habits have the epidemic changed

  Our reporter Peng Xunwen

  What was your biggest change during the prevention and control of the new coronary pneumonia epidemic? A previous survey conducted by China Youth Daily showed that 98% of the respondents indicated that they pay more attention to personal hygiene. Washing hands more frequently, getting used to wearing masks, using a meal-sharing system, not eating "wild game", and making an appointment for play ... Most interviewees said that they will continue to maintain these habits after the epidemic.

  Habits need to be cultivated, and it is not easy to develop good habits. Many experts and interviewees said that good habits will be maintained. The common sense of public health, life and social habits formed during the fight against the epidemic can be transformed into universal norms of behavior, condensed into the wisdom of governance in modern society, and truly become a lifestyle and civilized behavior generally followed by citizens.

  Epidemic prevention requires conscious behavior

  Go out and wear masks, do not gather together, keep a social distance of 1 meter, use public chopsticks and spoons, go home to wash hands frequently, and pay attention to disinfection ... During the epidemic prevention period, these originally rigid requirements for epidemic prevention and control are becoming increasingly popular Conscious behavior and daily habits.

  【Case 1】

  Today, Ms. Zhang, who lives in Shanghai, has developed many good habits: washing hands frequently, wearing masks when going out, bringing a canvas bag, changing clothes immediately after returning home, regularly disinfecting the home, and often ventilating. Every few days, she would go to a nearby supermarket to purchase. After entering the store after measuring body temperature, Ms. Zhang will first go to the shelf with fewer customers. "Try not to get together, you can reduce your risk of infection, and you are also responsible for others."

  【Case 2】

  In a restaurant in Joy City, Chaoyang, Beijing, diners sit next to each other, and the tableware is “public and private”. "When I started using male chopsticks and spoons, I was a little unaccustomed, but now I've got used to it, and it's safer to eat separately," said Mr. Huang who dine in the shop.

  Mr. Huang introduced that during the epidemic prevention period, in addition to reducing the number of friends gathering, public chopsticks and spoons appeared on the dinner table at home. "In the past, public chopsticks and spoons were used at home only when guests came; after this epidemic, family members also practiced one dish, one chopsticks, and one soup spoon when eating. Although it is troublesome, this habit will persist."

  World Health Organization research shows that 60% of the factors that affect health are related to lifestyle and behavior. Good habits and behaviors make people healthier. "Because of the epidemic, people prefer to have a good body and develop good habits so that they can learn to cherish the happiness of the moment." Said Shuman, executive deputy director of the Institute of Psychological Quality Education of East China Jiaotong University, who experienced the happiness brought by good habits. It makes people excited, strengthens self-confidence, and thus strengthens the next behavior. In social psychology, this psychological phenomenon is called the "habit strengthening effect".

  However, the development of good hygiene habits and lifestyles is a long-term project that needs to be persevered.

  "A variety of publicity channels can be used to commend the good habits that people develop during the epidemic prevention period, spread the civilized code of conduct, and show the behavior and consequences of bad behavior, especially to publicize and guide the civilized code of conduct in public spaces." China Lu Yilong, a professor at the School of Social and Population Studies at Renmin University, told reporters.

  These bad habits are turning around

  Indiscriminate eating of "wild meat", crowded queuing or even queuing, spitting in public places, sneezing without covering mouth and nose and nose ... During the epidemic prevention period, these bad habits and even bad habits are gradually being reversed.

  【Case 1】

  Mr. Pan, a citizen of Shenzhen, Guangdong Province, cannot understand the bad habits of some people eating "wild meat". "It's unclear what wild animals eat and grow up. Who knows how many viruses they have? Artificially raised animals are better and food safety is guaranteed."

  "From time to time, there will be guests quietly asking if they can buy or process pheasants, snakes and other 'wild meat'. This has not been the case since the resumption of work this year." Said Zhang Hongjun, the operator of Guiyuan Ecological Farm in Yunpan Road, Suining City, Sichuan During the epidemic prevention period, the government put forward an initiative to refuse to eat "wild meat", and everyone actively took the initiative to comply.

  【Case 2】

  On a weekend in early May, many people either rested in the shade of trees or walked on the fortification square in Guiyang City, Guizhou Province. Citizen Ms. Chen coughed, took out a paper towel, wrapped the sputum in the paper towel and threw it into the trash. "Spitting anywhere is uncivilized behavior, especially during the epidemic prevention period, it is easy to infect the virus, and more attention should be paid to personal hygiene and environmental hygiene."

  Ms. Chen said that there are more public welfare slogans that remind people to pay attention to health in the community and on the street, and some uncivilized behaviors have been greatly reduced. "Now everyone will queue up by bus and leave a certain distance from each other; sneezing will cover your nose and mouth, or cover your sleeves."

  "To achieve the transition from not eating, daring to eating" wild game ", we need to start with the rule of law and morals, and take a multi-pronged approach to change the fasting" wild game "into a new ethics and new folk customs "Yang Chaoxia, director of the Ecological Law Research Center of Beijing Forestry University, told reporters.

  Yang Zhaoxia suggested that the existing laws and regulations should be amended in one step to perfect and perfect the system rules and legislative system of fasting wild animals. Type management of wild animals is possible. Artificial breeding animals based on conservation purposes and restoration of wild populations must be fasted; for artificial breeding animals that have breeding technology but are still unstable, we must strengthen regulation and supervision, especially to increase illegal hunting and hunting in the name of breeding. The punishment and punishment of the "whitewashing" behavior of the actual purchase; the artificial breeding animals with mature and stable breeding technology can be managed as "agricultural animals", and those who can enter the national livestock and poultry genetic resources catalogue shall be adjusted by the animal husbandry law. It is necessary to strengthen ethical construction and incorporate the abuse of “wild food” into the social integrity system.

  In order to prevent the occurrence of repeated bad habits, Lu Yilong proposed to adopt local legislation to increase the intensity and probability of administrative penalties for acts that seriously endanger public order and public safety.

  Good habits need intensive care

  Online consumption is highly sought after, appointments are made in hospitals, scenic spots, and museums. Green travel is more valued ... During the epidemic prevention period, many living habits and consumption habits are more popular, which brings new opportunities for the development of new formats.

  【Case 1】

  Community residents buy pork, handmade ravioli, steamed buns, cold skin, etc. through the "WeChat Group Solitaire", and deliver them to the community free of charge at regular intervals. This is a new exploration of fast food company Western Master. "This business has been expanded to 150 communities in Beijing." Meng Bing, founder of Western Young Master, told reporters that the next step will be the joint venture to launch a group purchase of semi-cooked cheese, crayfish and other products, so that the community business can interact better with residents.

  Crayfish in Qianjiang, Hubei, navel orange in Zigui, Hubei, citrus in Yunnan, pineapple in Hainan, durian in Malaysia, spicy sauce in Rwanda ... Ms. Li, who lives in the North Lane of South Taipingzhuang, Chaoyang District, Beijing, is now accustomed to being online The Fresh App places an order, "It will be delivered to the entrance of the community in as little as half an hour, which is very convenient."

  There are not many consumers like Ms. Li who are accustomed to "cloud orders" in a short time. "The epidemic has accelerated the evolution of the fresh market penetration rate." Hu Qiugen, general manager of Hema Fresh Market Operations, told reporters that Hema will let more consumers love by opening more stores, strengthening base direct mining and the construction of "Hema Village" Online consumption.

  【Case 2】

  Chen Qin, a citizen of Guangzhou, Guangdong Province, made an appointment in advance to go bird watching at Haizhu Lake last weekend. Chen Qin said that Haizhu Lake will limit 1,000 people per day in real time. "There are fewer tourists, not only the play experience is more comfortable, but the birds will not dare to come out because there are too many people."

  "Now when we go to our hospital to see a doctor, most patients will first make an appointment on the WeChat public account, choose a doctor, and pay their own fees. This will help patients to see doctors by time and reduce crowds." President of Pidu District People's Hospital, Chengdu, Sichuan Province Peng Zhiyi said that during the epidemic prevention period, the hospital opened an official WeChat public account, and vigorously promoted non-emergency appointment registration and appointment inspection. Doctors and patients praised it.

  【Case 3】

  "It's very convenient to find a car and save the car. The weather is warm. I'm riding home and blowing a breeze. I'm in a very good mood!" Cao Jia, a Wuhan citizen in Hubei province, rarely travels by bus and prefers to ride a shared bicycle.

  Hello, Yang Long, Regional Director of Wuhan, told reporters: "In the early stage of epidemic prevention and control, shared bicycles were an important means of transportation for many Wuhan people. Now that public transportation has been restored, everyone's habit of green and safe travel continues." Planning, Hello next step will continue to iterate and upgrade the service models and scenarios of the two rounds of travel business throughout the country, sharing the pressure of urban public transportation.

  "The epidemic has accelerated the rise of new economic formats such as" cloud shopping "and live streaming, and has made people's online consumption habits more fixed. This is similar to the rapid development of online shopping during SARS in 2003. Cao Lei, director of the Netease E-commerce Research Center Speak to reporters.

  Cao Lei said that the long-term development of the new economic format requires the joint efforts of many parties. The government regulatory department must provide support and strengthen supervision; the e-commerce platform must establish an effective operating system to strengthen the control of merchants, anchors, quality of goods, and after-sales service.

  "The appointment system reflects the changes in people's behavior habits and consumer behavior, which not only guarantees social benefits but also enhances economic benefits, and should be given great attention and care." Wei Xiang, associate professor of the Institute of Financial Strategy of the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, told reporters.

  Wei Xiang suggested that in order to ensure the continuation of the reservation system, the supply side needs to make corresponding improvements and adjustments to enable consumers and tourists to obtain relevant information and changes in advance through technical means. There should also be effective incentives for those who make reservations. The earlier the reservation, the better the price, the more services, and the better options. Those who have not made a reservation will pay a higher price.