Ten major new archaeological discoveries in the country released in 2019

  China News Service, Beijing, May 5 (Reporter Ying Ni) The first five major national archaeological discoveries in 2019 will be held online for the first time, many of which have international significance and fill related gaps, including the discovery of the Xiaonanshan site of Raohe in Heilongjiang The earliest jade sand cutting technology in the world is more than 6,000 years earlier than similar technologies in Central America.

  The ten major projects are: Paleolithic cave ruins of the scabies cave in Nanzheng, Shaanxi, Xiaonanshan ruins of Raohe, Heilongjiang, Huangchengtai of Shimu ruins in Shenmu, Shaanxi, Pingliangtai of Huaiyang in Henan, Xiwubi ruins of Jiangxian in Shanxi, Gansu Dunhuang Hanxia jade mine site, Hubei Suizhou Zaoshulin Zengguo noble cemetery, Xinjiang Qitai Shichengzi site, Qinghai Ulanquangou Tubo mural tomb, Guangdong Nanhai I shipwreck underwater archaeological excavation project.

During the underwater archaeological project of the Southern Song Dynasty Shipwreck of Nanhai I in Guangdong, the cargo was cleaned up in 2019 and post-processing was carried out to remove the steel beams and steel pipes supporting the caisson and hull. Photo courtesy of the underwater archaeological excavation project of the Southern Song Dynasty Shipwreck of Guangdong Nanhai I

  In 2007, the unprecedented overall salvage method of Guangdong's "Nanhai I" wreck of the Southern Song Dynasty was hoisted out of the water as a whole and moved steadily into the Guangdong Maritime Silk Road Museum specially built for it. As a relatively independent and structurally complete underwater relic, the total amount of information contained in the South China Sea shipwreck of the "Nanhai I" is extremely large. Liu Qingzhu, a researcher at the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that its discovery, salvage and excavation work has gone through nearly 30 years, becoming a microcosm of the protection and development of China's underwater cultural heritage.

  Chen Xingcan, a researcher at the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, pointed out that the Paleolithic cave ruins and the Xiaonanshan ruins in Raohe, Heilongjiang, are both archaeological projects of international significance. The former is a rare cave site in China's Paleolithic era, which preserves human fossils and rich cultural relics from 100,000 to 15,000 years ago, and further enriches the key archaeological data of relevant periods in China; the latter confirms five different periods The new cultural heritage spans more than 15,000 years, and its unique geographical advantages have changed the passive situation in Northeast Asia prehistoric archaeology led by Japanese and Russian scholars.

Zeng Gongqiu chime combination unearthed in the noble cemetery of Zeng Guo in the spring and autumn of Zao Shulin, Suizhou, Hubei. Its inscription is nearly 1,150 words, and the single inscription of the bell is 312 words. This is the largest batch of spring and autumn inscriptions in the new century. Image courtesy of Zengguo noble cemetery project team in Suizhou, Hubei Province

  It is worth mentioning that more than 200 pieces of jade were excavated from the Xiaonanshan site, including jade jade, rings, tubes, beads, flat beads, jade ornaments, pendant pendants and jade axe, which constitute the earliest known to date in China The combination of jade culture, especially the ornaments, jade tubes and jade ornaments, has a huge impact on the subsequent East Asian jade culture. These jade wares often have curved strip marks left by sand rope cutting technology. This is the earliest discovery in the world at present, which is more than 6,000 years earlier than similar technologies in Central America.

  Song Xinchao, deputy director of the State Administration of Cultural Heritage, said that this year's "Top Ten Archaeology" final appraisal meeting was held for the first time in the form of an online meeting and live broadcast, which was of groundbreaking significance. It not only expanded the content and methods of public archaeological activities, but also expanded the influence of public archaeological activities.

In the mural tombs of the Tubo period murals in Wulanquangou, Qinghai, there are sealed and hidden cells. No similar precedent has been found in the history of archaeology in China and the world. Photo courtesy of the Mural Tomb Project of Tulan Period in Wulanquangou, Qinghai

  He pointed out that each new archaeological discovery has deepened the understanding of an academic field, and also provided us with a new clue and research directions that require continuous attention. During the "Thirteenth Five-Year Plan" period, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage has established a major "Archaeology China" research project, and has approved projects such as Xia Culture Research, Hetao District Settlement and Society Research, and the Lower Yangtze River Regional Civilization Model Research. In the future, the State Administration of Cultural Heritage will continue to guide and coordinate various archaeological units to strengthen academic research, and to use archaeology to prove the development of more than 5000 years of civilization in China.

  The final review meeting of the "Top Ten National Archaeological New Discoveries" held online for the first time lasted 5 days. According to incomplete statistics, the total number of interactive topics on the Internet related to the "Top Ten Archaeology" reached 166 million. The total number of live views in the first four days reached 22.78 million. (Finish)