China News Service Guiyang, April 8 Question: Changes due to "leaves": Guizhou farmers live like sesame flowers

Reporter Yuan Chao Yang Qian

"It used to be too poor, and I regretted it when I got married. I didn't dare to say it in my heart. Now the women in our hometown want to marry, live in a big house, and drink good tea." Duyun City, Guinan Buyi and Miao Autonomous Prefecture, Guizhou Province In Maojian Town, Li Yong, who finished his tea work, first changed his work clothes, took out his mobile phone and entered the online store, and quickly "spike" two sets of skirts.

The picture shows local farmers are cooking tea by hand. Yuan Chaoshe

In early April, I walked into the snail shell scenic area in Maojian Town, Duyun City. The mountains of tea were shrouded in mist. The local women sat on small baskets and started picking tea. In the tea factory area under the mountain, rows of cauldrons of fried tea are placed, waiting for the workers who have finished picking tea to fry the tea. The workers usually roll up their sleeves and fry tea at night. Most of the high-quality, evenly-produced tea produced here is handmade.

"If a woman doesn't marry a snail shell, it's difficult for Shangao Lu to go home; he is busy all year round, and he still depends on relief food." Recalling his previous life, Li Yong shook his shoulders first, "Because I'm afraid, I don't dare to sleep because I'm lazy Feeling embarrassed and afraid of the elderly at home scolding. "Before dawn, Li Yongxian and her husband had to get up and rush to the mountains next to the village to collect mushrooms, dig bamboo shoots ... and then sell them when they rushed. The only source of life in the family.

The picture shows local farmers picking tea in Chashan. Photo courtesy of Propaganda Department of Duyun Municipal Committee

In 2010, Li Yongxian discussed with her husband many times and decided to share 30 acres of the family into the tea cooperative in the village. At this point, the couple completely bid farewell to living by nature. After joining the cooperative, a series of techniques such as planting tea, picking tea, and frying tea have been trained, and the sales are handled by the cooperative. Li Yongxian only needs to give the tea green to the collaborators.

Li Yongxian planted 30 acres of tea. Before Qingming, it was the busiest season for tea pickers. Li Yongxian also received help from hiring people. Most of the villagers and people in the nearby villages had tea gardens, so the people hired were usually out of town. High-quality green tea can be sold to cooperatives for around 120 yuan per catty. In order to earn a little more money, Li Yongxian also learned the skill of hand-fried tea with the master in the cooperative. Before and after Qingming, she would fry tea in the cooperative almost every night, and fry a pound of tea for 70 yuan, and fry 8-10 pounds a night, and earn 560-700 yuan. "In the past, after one year, the income was less than 10,000 yuan. Now, my income from growing tea at home alone is more than 40,000 yuan. My husband can still work outside to earn some money. Now, our family lives Like the sesame blossoms are getting higher and higher, the next step, I also want to travel, take more walks and see more. "Li Yongxian said.

In 2013, with the joint efforts of the couple, a 4-story house was built, including the basement and attic. The elderly in the family are not used to living in big houses. Li Yongxian and her husband spent money to renovate the old house. "How many relatives do I live in? There are a lot of rooms." When it comes to life today, Li Yongxian is full of pride. She and her husband have raised two children. The youngest son is studying, and the eldest son is following the recovery team to work in Shenzhen this year. In Li Yongxian's view, letting the child go out will increase his vision. "Regardless of his success or being a mother here, we have confidence and economic strength as a backing for our son's aggressiveness." Li Yongxian laughed.

Li Yongxian lived in the General Yangzhai Village of Pingyang Village, Maojian Town, and opened many shops selling Maojian tea. Relying on the tea industry, the local “Bui Miao Village has no income, hard work and empty sigh”. Bridge flowing water, fitness square, single garden-style small house ... The entire Zongyang Village is already a beautiful village. During the interview, Li Yong first joked to reporters: Now many people in my hometown have asked me to help find unmarried young men. They all want to marry.

Duyun Maojian is one of China's top ten famous teas. It is mined before and after Qingming. The picking standard is one bud and one leaf, and the length is no more than 2 cm. It usually takes about 66,000 buds to cook 500 grams of premium Maojian tea. Maojian Town, as the core production area of ​​Duyun Maojian, implements large-scale tea cultivation through investment and land transfer. There are 13 local tea companies, 33 professional tea cooperatives, more than 2,640 tea growers, and the tea planting area reaches 120,000 mu.

The picture shows local farmers picking tea in Chashan. Photo courtesy of Propaganda Department of Duyun Municipal Committee

In addition to planting tea, the local area also makes full use of tea resources to develop tea travel integration. Before and after Qingming in previous years, tourists from tea picking to hand-fried tea, to tea tasting, buying tea, to achieve a full experience from one leaf tea bud to finished tea, local tea farmers also have additional tourism income.

In the snail shell scenic area of ​​Maojian Town, Duyun, after lunch, Xu Shaolong, the head of the snail shell total sun water moss tea professional cooperative, began to prepare the freshly baked Mingqian tea. Sounded, in just 5 minutes, he had received 3 orders. The tea has just been brewed, and customers who have come from Zunyi's own car have arrived at the store. It is too late to taste a sip of tea. Xu Shaolong started to introduce tea.

"Affected by the epidemic, the cooperative opened a live broadcast room and sold it through live broadcast." Xu Shaolong said that in order to be able to buy tea smoothly, many customers watched the live broadcast and began to "wait" from the early morning tea fry until the fried tea was released pot. "Every day the tea that is fried out is sold out, don't worry about selling it."

"Mr. Xu is the most economically savvy." In Zongyang Village, Xu Shaolong is the pride of the villagers, aiming at the tea mountain where snail shells are formed into pieces. Farm food mainly based on tea. In just one year, under the leadership of Xu Shaolong, village farmhouses and homestays rose. "Visitors stay here and experience the whole process of tea production, knowing that our tea is ready, they will buy it naturally." Villager Xu Mingxing said.

The tea industry is one of the twelve distinctive industries in Guizhou. The tea garden area in Guizhou is 7 million mu, ranking first in the country for seven consecutive years. Guizhou tea has been qualified for 8 consecutive years in the quality and safety inspection of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, ranking first in the country. In 2019, the radiation of Guizhou's tea industry has driven 3.561 million people, including 348,100 poor households, and 174,600 people have been lifted out of poverty, which has become an important industry in Guizhou Province.

At present, the tea industry in Guizhou has fully resumed production, and the growth of tea in various places is good. The new tea garden area in each main tea production area has entered the picking period and the high-yield period. It is expected that the output of Guizhou spring tea in 2020 will increase significantly compared with previous years. (Finish)