The summer of 2019 will be remembered by Spanish meteorologists and around the world for its intense heat waves, which have resulted in historical temperature measurement records in various parts of the planet.

In Spain, in addition, it has been a generally dry summer, despite the torrential rains suffered in the Segura basin. The storm left in the Lower Basin, the most affected area, unprecedented rainfall in the last 100 years, since there are data. Between the morning of September 12 and the day of September 13 the same rain fell on the region, which, on average, would accumulate over a year.

In terms of temperatures, the two summer heat waves have caused record highs. The observatories of the Retiro, in Madrid, and of Igeldo, in San Sebastián, have been two of those who have registered unprecedented peaks in the present season, such as those that have abounded in other European countries and, especially, in France.

On Madrid's Retiro, the first summer heat wave left on June 28 a record of the observatory: 40.7 ° C, one tenth more than its previous mark, August 2012. The same happened during the second wave, specifically on July 23, at the San Sebastián Observatory, where 39ºC were reached, four tenths above its previous record and a particularly surprising fact given the enclave of the institution.

Global records in June and July

In France, the first heat wave left an absolute national record: 45.9º C in Gallargues-le-Montueux. "We can no longer compare a current summer with those of the 70s or 80s, because they are now clearly warmer," summarizes Rubén del Campo, spokesman for the State Meteorological Agency (AEMET).

In global terms, the months of June and July 2019 have been declared the warmest on the planet since 1880, when there began to be records.

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