The United States’ passing of the Security Council resolution for an immediate ceasefire in the Gaza Strip sparked a public dispute between the administration of US President Joe Biden and Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu. It is important to disentangle the nature of these differences, their causes, the extent to which the strategic relationship between the two parties has been affected by them, and the impact of all of this on the course of the war on Gaza.

The reasons for the US administration’s unprecedented position in the UN Security Council vary between an attempt to stimulate the negotiating process between Israel and Hamas regarding the ceasefire and prisoner exchange deal.