Despite numerous available training places: almost one in five young adults does not have a vocational qualification. In Germany, 2.86 million people between the ages of 20 and 34 have no formal qualifications.

Despite numerous vacant training positions, the negative development continues, which worries experts. One explanation for the sharp increase in young people without a vocational. qualification is that among young refugees and other immigrants the rate of those with no formal education is twice as high as among young adults as a whole. The earnings of employees without a professional qualification are often below average, which has a negative impact on their pensions.