The "new three things" of foreign trade refer to: electric manned vehicles, lithium batteries, and solar cells. So what are the old three things of foreign trade? Clothing, furniture, home appliances, these three are our main foreign trade products in the past, often referred to as the "old three". In the first five months of this year, China's export performance of "new three" products was very eye-catching and continued to maintain rapid growth. While the "old three" products of foreign trade are steadily and steadily, the "new three" products have sprung up, becoming a vivid footnote for the quality and upgrading of China's foreign trade.

In the past two days, the production line of a new energy battery company in Jiangsu has been busy, workers are fully engaged in operation, hundreds of automatic robotic arms accurately cooperate, positioning, grasping, smooth operation.

Guo Hao, foreign trade manager of Jiangsu Weilan New Energy Battery Co., Ltd.: Our main product is solid-state lithium battery, which replaces liquid electrolyte and separator with solid electrolyte to improve the safety of the battery, and has the advantages of higher energy density and larger battery capacity.

In recent years, Changzhou, Jiangsu has actively developed the new energy industry, built a manufacturing base for new energy vehicles and parts, power batteries, solar photovoltaic and other fields, and built a complete power battery industry chain, with a cumulative total export of lithium-ion batteries from January to May of nearly 1.5 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of more than 32%. The new energy track is hot, and the speed of customs clearance and production and delivery capacity of goods have become the key for enterprises to seize overseas markets.

Li Hao, Deputy Director of Changzhou Customs: In view of the requirements of new energy product export and dangerous goods transportation packaging, we tailor the "declaration, inspection and release" whole-process export service package to create a safer and more convenient customs clearance environment for new energy exports, and strive to promote the new energy vehicle industry to strive for greater development opportunities in the global market.

According to Nanjing Customs statistics, in the first five months of this year, Jiangsu Province exported 5.879 billion yuan of "new three things" such as solar cells, lithium batteries and electric manned vehicles, an increase of more than <>% year-on-year.

How to view the continuation of the growth trend of the "new three things" exports?

The export situation of the "new three things" products in Jiangsu Province in the first five months is only a microcosm of the entire industry, how to view the continuation of the growth trend of the "new three things" exports? Let's listen to the interpretation of Wu Sa, deputy director of the Economic Research Institute of the China Academy of Macroeconomic Research.

Wu Sa, Deputy Director of the Economic Research Institute of the China Academy of Macroeconomic Research: The outstanding performance of the "new three things" continued the leading trend last year; The growth of the "new three things" reflects the improvement of China's export quality and the reasonable growth of quantity; The "new three things" can be popular all over the world, and behind it is inseparable from the continuous improvement of the comprehensive strength of China's related products.

Imports of energy and resource products have grown steadily

The foreign trade data released on the 7th showed that in terms of imports, energy resources such as mineral sands and crude oil, as well as imports of consumer goods achieved steady growth.

On June 6, in the Qianwan port area of Qingdao Port in Shandong Province, a batch of more than 6,20 tons of imported iron ore that had just arrived was being unloaded, and then loaded directly on the train and transported to the factory in Shandong.

Zhang Mingchao, section chief of the third inspection section of the second inspection department of Huangdao Customs: After there was no abnormality in the supervision of radioactive testing and solid waste risk investigation, we began to unload the ship. Customs superimposed the convenience of "first release and then inspection" and "ship iron direct transfer" modes, compressing the customs clearance time of iron ore by 70%, saving an average of 50,80 to <>,<> yuan in moving costs per ship.

Qingdao port is one of the important import ports of bulk commodities in China, ore, crude oil and other imports rank in the forefront of the country's ports, with dense international routes, fast loading and unloading efficiency and customs clearance logistics convenience, has become the preferred bulk goods import channel for many enterprises.

It is understood that the iron ore imported by enterprises is generally used in the production of building materials, steel plates, steel coils and other steel products, and most of the finished products produced are used in domestic infrastructure and industrial manufacturing to meet the escalating consumer demand. Some of them are processed and produced and then sold to overseas markets as export commodities, becoming an important part of the international industrial chain supply chain.

Song Chunyu, Deputy Director of the Commodity Inspection Department of Qingdao Customs: Judging from the current situation, the bulk resource commodities such as iron ore and crude oil imported at Qingdao Port are mainly used for domestic iron and steel smelting and petroleum refining, ensuring the supply of bulk resource commodity imports at the port, which can provide a strong guarantee for the development of domestic manufacturing and expanding domestic demand.

According to customs statistics, in the first five months of this year, China imported 5 million tons of energy products and metal ores and 4 million tons, respectively, with imports increasing by 59.5% and 91% respectively year-on-year.

Imports of consumer goods related to "food" increased significantly

In addition to energy and resource products used in industrial production, imports of goods related to people's lives, especially those in the field of table culture and catering, have increased rapidly.

On June 6, a batch of ham meat imported from Spain was transported into the designated supervision site of imported meat under Meishan Customs under Ningbo Customs, and customs officers quickly carried out on-site inspections according to procedures, reviewed food labels, and ensured "zero waiting" and "zero detention" of short shelf life products such as ham meat. Under the premise of strictly controlling the safety of imported food, Ningbo Customs tries to compress the customs clearance time to ensure that these high-quality imported foods can enter the vegetable baskets and tables of the domestic people in the freshest state.

Jiang Shanning: Since the beginning of this year, we have clearly felt that the growth momentum of meat and aquatic products imported through Ningbo Port is very significant. Among them, the imported meat is mainly beef, and the imported aquatic products are mainly squid, strip fish, shrimp, etc., and the main import sources are Southeast Asia, Oceania, South America and other regions. After import, these imported products mainly radiate the Yangtze River Delta region and surrounding areas.

In addition to sea imports, since the beginning of this year, with the gradual resumption and opening of air freight routes, the full freighter routes opened by Ningbo Airport have covered Bangkok, Osaka, Manila, Liège, New York and other cities, with 9 regular routes.

Shen Zui: The fresh food imported by us has increased from 4 last year to more than 20 this year, mainly including lobster, durian, mangosteen, green crab, yellow eel, etc. With the opening of the Ningbo to Belgium Liege route in May this year, after the end of the Icelandic fishing ban, it is expected that there will also be Nordic salmon and other chilled fish to Ningbo on this flight.

According to customs statistics, in the first five months of this year, China's imports of consumer goods other than passenger cars were 5.6866 billion yuan, an increase of 9.14%, of which the import value of meat, dried fresh melons and fruits, and edible aquatic products increased by 3.11%, 1.19% and 4.32% respectively.

In the first five months, seafood and fruit consumption recovered, and imports accelerated

In Shanghai, the world's largest trading port, imports of consumer goods continued to grow in the first five months, especially as consumption in the domestic market recovered, and imports of seafood and dried fresh fruits rose sharply.

At Shanghai Pudong International Airport, the largest cargo airport in China, lobster, treasure crab, oysters and other fresh aquatic products from France, New Zealand, India, Pakistan, Thailand and other countries will soon flow to the surrounding areas of the Yangtze River Delta through large-scale supermarkets and aquatic markets. At Shanghai Yangshan Port, Atlantic salmon, white shrimp, Greenland halibut and other aquatic products from all over the world gather here through ocean routes. On the morning of the 7th, 19.74 tons of imported Arctic sweet shrimp were being inspected by Yangshan Customs. Since the effective implementation of RCEP, the newly approved fruit varieties of ASEAN countries into the Chinese market have included 8 kinds of Cambodian longan, Vietnamese durian, etc., driving the import of ASEAN fruits at Shanghai Port to continue to be hot.

Luo Zhen, deputy section chief of the 5th Customs Inspection Section of Shanghai Waigaoqiao Port Area: follow up the arrival time of goods in real time, and coordinate all links of the supervision site in a timely manner. In the first five months of this year, Shanghai Waigaoqiao Port Customs supervised a total of 48,8 tons of imported fruits from ASEAN countries, with a cargo value of 9 million yuan.

What signal does the growth in imports of energy resources and consumer goods send?

What signal does the growth in imports of energy resources and consumer goods send? Let's listen to the interpretation of Wu Sa, deputy director of the Economic Research Institute of the China Academy of Macroeconomic Research.

Wu Sa, deputy director of the Economic Research Institute of the China Academy of Macroeconomic Research: In the first five months, imported products showed the characteristics of "volume increase and price decline", and "volume increase" showed that the demand for energy and resource consumption in China's manufacturing industry was rising; The "price fall" shows that the manufacturing cost of China's manufacturing industry has been effectively controlled. This is conducive to improving the competitiveness of the product market and giving full play to the advantages of the manufacturing industry.