Since the beginning of this year, China's economy has continued to show a positive trend of recovery. The 2022 annual report and 2023 first quarterly report of listed companies have been released one after another. The data shows that the listed companies as a whole have maintained steady growth, and the overall quality, structure and ecology of listed companies have been further improved.
According to data disclosed by the China Association of Listed Companies, in the first quarter, domestic listed companies achieved a total operating income of 17.03 trillion yuan, a year-on-year growth rate of 2.0%, and a net profit of 1.60 trillion yuan, a year-on-year growth rate of 2.0%.
While operating income and net profit increase, listed companies continue to play an important role in ensuring taxation, promoting employment and benefiting people's livelihood. According to data from the China Association of Listed Companies, in 2022, domestic listed companies contributed a total of 4.79 trillion yuan in tax revenue, accounting for 28.7% of the country's total tax revenue. A total of 3413,67 listed companies implemented or announced annual cash dividend plans, accounting for 1%, with a total cash dividend of 89.<> trillion yuan.
Innovation adds new momentum to the development of listed companies
In the annual report data, the overall R&D investment of listed companies continues to increase, which continues to add new momentum to the development of listed companies.
Statistics from the China Association of Listed Companies show that last year, domestic listed companies invested a total of 1.66 trillion yuan in R&D, an increase of 0.27 trillion yuan over the previous year. In terms of R&D intensity, the average R&D intensity of domestic listed companies was 2.32%, an increase of 0.25 percentage points year-on-year; the R&D intensity of high-tech manufacturing companies reached 6.71%, and the average R&D intensity of the Science and Technology Innovation Board reached 10.53%. By the end of last year, the cumulative number of patents disclosed by domestic listed companies exceeded 140.17 million, an increase of more than <>% over the previous year.
Data show that in 2022, domestic listed companies in the semiconductor sector will achieve a total operating income of 3670 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 7%. It is worth noting that in the semiconductor sector, the upstream equipment and manufacturing end showed a higher growth rate than the overall sector, of which the equipment end increased by about 70% year-on-year, and the manufacturing end increased by more than 30% year-on-year. Many listed companies in the semiconductor sector have disclosed in their annual reports that they have significantly increased R&D investment and launched new products.
In addition, the data shows that the annual revenue of listed companies in the field of digital industrialization increased by 8.9%, highlighting the strong demand of listed companies for industrial digital transformation. Experts said that with the deepening of digital transformation, this will continue to help listed companies reduce costs and increase efficiency, injecting new engines into high-quality economic development.
The pace of reform of central enterprises and state-owned enterprises has accelerated
Contribute to high-quality development
In the annual report, we also found that with the continuous acceleration of the pace of reform, central enterprises and state-owned enterprises have also shown a faster development trend.
The data shows that from the fourth quarter of last year to the first quarter of this year, the year-on-year growth rate of net profit attributable to the parent company of the central enterprise index increased from -1.6% to 9.1%; Gross profit from sales increased from 17.6% to 24.1%; The year-on-year growth rate of operating income increased from 1.1% to 5.4%. Compared with the fourth quarter of last year, various financial indicators have improved to varying degrees.
This year, the state launched the deployment of central enterprises to benchmark world-class enterprises, clearly optimized the operating index system, and required the return on net assets, R&D investment intensity, total labor productivity, and operating cash ratio to be further improved, reflecting that the reform idea pays more attention to the development quality of enterprises. Experts say these initiatives will continue to drive the revaluation of corporate value at the capital market level.
(CCTV news client reporter Dong Bin, Sha Qian, Du Leiming, Zhang Jun, Tianjin Tai)