Author: Lin Xiaozhao
With the national population decreasing by 850,000 in 2022, several central and western provinces have achieved population growth.
The GDP growth rate is the first, and the population of Jiangxi has increased by 105,800
Among them, data released by the central province of Jiangxi show that by the end of 2022, the province's permanent population will be 45.2798 million, an increase of 105,800 or 0.23% over the end of the previous year.
The annual birth population was 325,000, a year-on-year decrease of 52,000, and the birth rate was 7.19‰, a decrease of 1.15 per thousand; the number of deaths was 314,000, an increase of 11,000, and the death rate was 6.94‰, an increase of 0.23 per thousand points; the natural population growth rate was 0.25‰, a decrease of 1.38 per thousand points.
For a province, population growth includes natural growth and mechanical growth (that is, net population inflow).
In terms of natural population growth, the natural population growth rate of Jiangxi last year was 0.25‰, which is about 11,300 people.
That is to say, last year, in terms of population mechanical growth, Jiangxi added 94,500 new inflows.
Ma Zhihui, director of the Economics Institute of the Jiangxi Academy of Social Sciences, analyzed Yicai.com, and Jiangxi used to have a large number of people who went out.
In recent years, Jiangxi's economic growth rate has been relatively fast, and the growth rate ranks among the top in the country. An important reason is that Jiangxi has increased its efforts to undertake industrial transfers from the east. Jiangxi has undertaken more large projects and large industrial chains.
At the same time, Jiangxi's strategic emerging industries have developed relatively rapidly in recent years, and their proportions in GDP have increased significantly.
With the rapid economic development and the impact of the epidemic in recent years, many migrants have returned to their hometowns to start businesses or work nearby.
The data shows that Jiangxi's GDP growth rate will reach 4.7% in 2022, ranking first in the country with neighboring Fujian.
Among them, in terms of foreign trade, in 2022, the total value of Jiangxi's foreign trade will be 671.3 billion yuan, surpassing two steps of 500 billion yuan and 600 billion yuan in one fell swoop, an increase of 34.9% over the previous year; the scale of imports and exports ranks 15th in the country, compared with 2021. Advance 3 places.
Ding Changfa, an associate professor of the Department of Economics at Xiamen University, analyzed China Business News that Jiangxi is adjacent to the Yangtze River Delta, the Pearl River Delta and Fujian. In the process of industrial transfer, the cost of transferring to the nearest location is relatively low.
In recent years, Jiangxi has made great efforts to attract investment, and a large number of industries in the southeast coast have been transferred to Jiangxi. In recent years, Jiangxi's economy has developed very fast.
Ma Zhihui said that Jiangxi has undertaken many industrial transfers in recent years. In addition to its convenient geographical location, on the one hand, Jiangxi has vigorously improved its business environment in recent years.
Secondly, in recent years, Jiangxi's transportation and logistics conditions have been greatly improved, the network of high-speed rail and expressways has been improved day by day, and logistics costs have also been greatly reduced.
Thirdly, the supporting capacity of Jiangxi Industrial Park has also been greatly improved.
In recent years, Jiangxi has attached great importance to the industrial chain, promoted the implementation of the industrial chain length system, and improved industrial supporting facilities, attracting many people to come to Jiangxi for development.
Statistics show that the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size in Jiangxi increased by 7.1% last year, which was 3.5 percentage points higher than that of the whole country.
Xiang Jun, director of the Jiangxi Provincial Bureau of Statistics, said that the operating income of Jiangxi's electronic information industry exceeded one trillion yuan for the first time last year, reaching 1.03 trillion yuan, an increase of 23.7%.
The new energy industry accelerated its development.
The agglomeration effect of the lithium battery and photovoltaic industries has become increasingly prominent. The annual operating income of the new energy industry was 406.51 billion yuan, an increase of 120.3%, accounting for 8.4% of the industry above the designated size, an increase of 4.2 percentage points over 2021.
Driven by tens of billions of investment projects such as Yichun Times, Guoxuan Hi-Tech, Geely Power Battery, and Fuzhou BYD, investment in the new energy industry increased by 30.3%.
With the rapid development of the economy, the level of urbanization in Jiangxi is also constantly improving, and the improvement of urbanization has also led to the development of the tertiary industry.
The data shows that in 2022, Jiangxi's urban permanent population will be 28.1052 million, an increase of 341,200 compared with the end of the previous year; the rural permanent population will be 17.1746 million, a decrease of 235,500; the urbanization rate of the permanent population (the proportion of the urban permanent population in the total population) will be 62.07 %, an increase of 0.61 percentage points over the end of the previous year.
Ma Zhihui said that Jiangxi's population growth is related to the rapid economic development of Jiangxi in recent years, the improvement of urbanization level, and the improvement of the city's appearance.
In the past, many people bought houses in coastal areas, but now many people return to Jiangxi to buy houses and get jobs.
On the other hand, the Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta along the coast were affected by the epidemic last year, and some people returned to their hometowns.
With the optimization of epidemic prevention and control measures, will these people return to coastal areas this year?
In Ma Zhihui's view, the growth of Jiangxi's population last year may have caused some people to return from the coast due to the epidemic, but this is only one of the reasons. The most fundamental reason is that Jiangxi has undertaken more industrial transfers in recent years. In the forefront, many people go home to start a business or find employment nearby.
Permanent population growth in several central and western provinces
In addition to Jiangxi, the three provinces of Guangxi, Chongqing, and Gansu have also announced their 2022 population data.
Judging from the released data, these provinces will all achieve population growth in 2022.
Among them, data from the Gansu Provincial Bureau of Statistics show that by the end of 2022, the province's permanent population will be 24.92 million, an increase of 20,000 from the end of the previous year.
The annual birth population was 211,000, and the birth rate was 8.47‰; the death population was 212,000, and the population death rate was 8.51‰; the natural population growth rate was -0.04‰.
Based on this calculation, Gansu's natural population growth last year was about -10,000, and its mechanical population growth, that is, the newly inflowed population was about 21,000.
Statistics from the Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region Bureau of Statistics show that by the end of 2022, the region's permanent population will be 50.47 million, an increase of 100,000 from the end of the previous year.
The birth rate is 8.51‰, the death rate is 7.08‰, and the natural population growth rate is 1.43‰.
That is to say, the natural population growth of Guangxi last year was about 72,000 people.
Based on this calculation, the mechanical growth of Guangxi's population last year, that is, the newly inflowed population was about 28,000.
According to data from the Chongqing Municipal Bureau of Statistics, the city's permanent population will be 32.133 million by the end of 2022, an increase of 9,000 from the end of the previous year.
The annual birth population was 192,000, with a birth rate of 5.98‰; the death population was 260,000, with a death rate of 8.09‰; the natural population growth rate was -2.11‰.
Based on this calculation, Chongqing's natural population growth last year was about -68,000.
In terms of population mechanical growth, there were 77,000 new inflows.
With the national population decreasing by 850,000 in 2022, many central and western provinces are growing against the trend. On the one hand, due to the impact of the coastal epidemic last year, some of the out-migration population returned.
On the other hand, there are also factors such as industrial transfer and the return of some migrant workers.
According to Peng Peng, president of the Guangdong Restructuring Research Association, with the transfer of coastal industries to the central and western regions in recent years, nearby employment has increased.
Among them, some people have accumulated experience in the coastal areas and returned to their hometowns to start businesses.