China News Service, Beijing, November 28 (Reporter Sun Zifa) The internationally renowned academic publishing institution Springer Nature announced to the media on the 28th that its latest natural index shows that China's scientific research cities have risen rapidly in the global rankings, and Beijing is still Ranked first, Shanghai rose to third.

  By analyzing the scientific research output of major cities and metropolitan areas around the world in 82 natural science journals tracked by the Nature Index in 2021, and according to the article share (Share) of one of the main indicators of the Nature Index, the supplement "Nature Index 2022" published by "Nature" -The global ranking of scientific research cities shows that Beijing still maintains the first place among the world's leading scientific research cities, the New York metropolitan area maintains the second place, Shanghai rises from the fifth place in 2020 to the third place, and the Boston metropolitan area and the San Francisco Bay area in the United States are ranked first. Columns fourth and fifth.

  At the same time, the output of other scientific research cities in China has also increased rapidly in the natural index. Among them, Nanjing has ranked eighth for two consecutive years, ranking 19th in 2015; Guangzhou ranked tenth, which is also higher than that in 2020. 14th in 2015 and 42nd in 2015.

There are four other Chinese cities among the top 20 in the world: Wuhan (No. 11), Hefei (No. 16), Hangzhou (No. 19) and Tianjin (No. 20). It is a newcomer to the top 20.

  The Nature Index shows that Beijing ranks first in the world in terms of high-quality output in the field of physical sciences, Shanghai and Boston rank second and third respectively, and Beijing and Shanghai rank first and second in the field of chemistry; American cities rank first in the field of life sciences. Still maintaining the lead, New York, Boston, the San Francisco Bay Area and Baltimore-Washington are the top four cities in terms of article share in life sciences, while Beijing and Shanghai rank fifth and seventh.

  "Nature" supplement "2022 Nature Index - Scientific Research Cities" also pays attention to the most important 40 groups of scientific research cooperation in the respective cities of China and the United States, and shows the different distribution of cooperation: Beijing's scientific research output in the Nature Index accounts for five points of China's One of them is the largest inter-city scientific research cooperation center in China, followed by Shanghai; many of the most important scientific research cooperations in China are carried out with Beijing, and the most important cooperation cities with multiple cooperative cities are often Beijing; China's new Scientific research cooperation centers have also begun to emerge, and Nanjing is the most prominent.

In the United States, the city cooperation network mainly revolves around the three major centers of New York, Boston, and the San Francisco Bay Area. The 40 most important scientific research cooperation groups in the United States involve fewer cities, but the degree of connection between cities is higher.

  The supplement also features leading scientific research cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Boston, New York and the San Francisco Bay Area, revealing the key drivers behind the success of these cities, including the concentration of high-level universities, institutions and talents, and access to first-class scientific instruments and facilities , industrial clusters, government financial support for scientific research, cultural diversity, living standards, etc.

  Simon Baker, editor-in-chief of the Nature Index, said Beijing and Shanghai had made significant gains in research output since 2015 and appeared to be having a powerful radiating effect on other Chinese cities - helping them increase high-quality research output through research collaborations. research output.

Clearly, China's ambition to make Beijing and Shanghai into innovation-driven science hubs and increase spending on R&D has played a key role in fostering domestic and international cooperation and attracting talent.