Pre-holiday market exploration price
Pre-holiday market exploration price
The National Day is approaching, and it is the peak consumption season. Is the market supply sufficient?
How about the price of vegetables, meat and eggs?
What measures are taken to stabilize prices?
Our reporter recently visited the farmers' supermarkets in some cities.
The prices of vegetables and eggs are generally stable
At 7:00 a.m. on September 26, the Xinlinghai Market in Huadalong, Shantou City, Guangdong Province was already crowded with people.
This is the largest vegetable market in the area. It brings together all kinds of vegetables, meat and meat products, eggs, local snacks and pasta, etc. The sounds of vendors and residents' inquiries are intertwined, and the fireworks are full.
In front of Boss Li's egg stand, Aunt Zhang, who lives nearby, is hesitating: grass eggs are 7.5 yuan/catties, Chia Tai fresh eggs are 7.9 yuan/catties, black-bone chicken eggs are 8 yuan/catties, ordinary eggs are 6.5 yuan/catties... "There are too many kinds of eggs. There are too many, I don’t know which one to choose.” Aunt Zhang said, “Usually my old man comes out to buy vegetables, but today he went to help my son. The price of these eggs is not much different, but the overall price seems to have increased.”
Boss Li told reporters that the price of eggs has fluctuated greatly in the past month.
On August 22, an egg (30 dozen eggs is one piece) was 226 yuan, and in early September, an egg was 252 yuan, and now it is about stable at this price.
"On the whole, the average price of eggs of all varieties fluctuates around 6.5 yuan to 8 yuan per catty." Boss Li said, "My family sells the most expensive black-bone chicken eggs, which have high nutritional value; but the best-selling ones are It is this kind of grass-fed eggs, the price is moderate, and the taste is delicious." At the recommendation of Boss Li, Aunt Zhang finally picked two and a half catties of grass-fed eggs.
"It's the National Day, and my daughter is going home. She likes the steamed eggs I made the most, so I have to prepare them in advance." Aunt Zhang said.
"As the holidays are approaching, the overall price of vegetables and eggs has risen slightly." Mr. Zhang from Shenzhen told reporters that he usually goes to the vegetable wholesale market to buy vegetables, and the average price of vegetables is about 2 to 3 yuan.
"The price of broccoli and green beans will be higher, 4 to 5 yuan per catty, and the market near residential areas will be more expensive, about 20% to 30% more expensive." Mr. Zhang said, "In addition to the factor of the approaching holiday , and more importantly, it is greatly affected by weather conditions. With a few more typhoons, the price of vegetables can double.”
Mr. Qiu from Shantou City said: "The price of vegetables in the market fluctuates every day, and the fluctuation range is about 1% to 3%." He told reporters that affected by the climate, season and harvest, vegetable prices will suddenly increase sharply, which is also short-term. normal phenomenon.
In Beijing Happy Glory Fresh Supermarket, the price of broccoli is 5.8 yuan/catties.
"The most expensive one should be milk cucumber, which is 13.8 yuan per pound." Ms. Wang, a supermarket tally clerk, told reporters, "The rest are vegetables that consumers often buy, such as small rape, round lettuce, round eggplant, tomatoes, bitter gourd, and cucumbers. They are all three to five yuan per catty. After the Mid-Autumn Festival a while ago, the price of vegetables has dropped significantly. In the past week, the price of vegetables has risen slightly, but the increase is not obvious, less than 1 yuan per catty, and the overall is relatively stable. "
According to the weekly market dynamics of Beijing Xinfadi Wholesale Market, from September 10 to September 17, the price of vegetables dropped significantly.
Liu Tong, head of the Xinfadi Statistics Department, analyzed that on the one hand, the price was too high in the early stage, leaving more room for vegetable prices to drop. On the other hand, it was also because the recent meteorological conditions were relatively ideal, which was conducive to the growth of vegetables.
In the later period, with the successive listing of autumn vegetables, there is still a certain room for price decline, and vegetable prices may enter the seasonal decline range.
Meat prices rose slightly
The weather is getting cooler, and the National Day is coming, many consumers in Beijing are starting to "post autumn fat".
What is the price of meat across the country recently?
On September 25, the reporter saw in a supermarket in Beijing that pork belly is about 32.8 yuan/catties, front tip meat is 24.8 yuan/catties, and pure pork ribs is 39.9 yuan/catties.
"The black pork that my family usually buys is about 50 yuan per catty, and the price has not changed much. The price of pork has risen a little this week, but it is generally within an acceptable range." Ms. Xu, who came to buy vegetables, said, "The weather has turned colder. , In addition to pork, I also plan to buy more beef and mutton to cook at home."
In Shenzhen, the price of pork belly is about 20 yuan per pound, which is quite different from that in Beijing.
"The price of meat in the past month should be affected by the pig cycle, and it has risen slightly." Mr. Zhang said, "If the price will increase in the future and the price is more expensive, I will choose to buy beef and mutton."
In Shanghai, the average price of pork belly is about 40 yuan per pound, based on the comprehensive market prices of Carrefour supermarket, CP Lotus supermarket, Dongan farmers market, Miyun farmers market and so on.
In Shantou, pork belly is divided into imported pork and local Chenghai pork, and the price is slightly different.
"Take local pork as an example, the price has risen from 14 to 15 yuan a pound to 18 to 20 yuan a pound within a month, an increase of about 10% to 20%, and the price of foreign pork is slightly lower." Mr. Qiu said.
According to the data of the National Bureau of Statistics, the monitoring of market prices of 50 important means of production in 9 categories in the national circulation field shows that compared with the first ten days of September, the prices of 30 products increased, 17 decreased and 3 remained unchanged.
Among them, the price of live pigs (external three yuan) was 23.7 yuan/kg, up 0.9% from the previous month.
Previous data showed that in early September, the price of live pigs (external ternary yuan) was 23.5 yuan/kg, a month-on-month increase of 4.4%.
On September 19, Meng Wei, a spokesman for the National Development and Reform Commission, said that since the beginning of this year, the domestic live pig price has experienced a process of first falling and then rising. 1. It is at the upper edge of the reasonable range of 6:1 to 9:1 determined by the pork reserve plan.
What are the reasons for the rise in pork prices?
Liu Tong analyzed that after the Mid-Autumn Festival, although meat consumption briefly entered the off-season, the farm's expectations for pig prices did not cool down, and pig prices and meat prices remained firm.
Regarding the supply, demand and price situation of the pig market in the later stage, recently, the Price Department of the National Development and Reform Commission has organized relevant parties to conduct in-depth analysis and judgment. The analysis of all parties believes that the current stock of fertile sows, newborn piglets, and fattening pigs have been rising continuously. In addition, the weather has changed. After the cooling, the growth rate of fattening pigs has accelerated, and the frozen meat inventory of enterprises is at a high level, and most of them will be supplied to the market within the year. Therefore, the supply of live pigs and pork in the market will be guaranteed for a period of time in the future, and it will be difficult for prices to continue to rise sharply.
Since September, as of the 27th, the Ministry of Commerce, together with the National Development and Reform Commission, has carried out 3 central reserve meat releases, and some provinces have also simultaneously carried out the release and storage of meat reserves.
"This sends a clear signal that meat prices do not have the conditions for a sharp rise." Liu Tong said, "Before, the production of wool pigs has always been regulated by the 'invisible hand' in the market. A 'visible hand' also participates in the adjustment, which is to 'cut peaks and fill valleys' and prevent fluctuations in meat prices, which is a strong guarantee for the healthy, stable and balanced development of the breeding industry."
Stable supply and price without relaxation
"Of course I hope that the lower the vegetable price, the better." Mr. Zhang said, "It is normal for the price of vegetables and meat to rise as the holiday is approaching, as long as it doesn't keep going up."
Boss Li hopes that the price of eggs will remain at the current level.
"There are always ups and downs, and our farmers have no confidence in their hearts." Boss Li said, "It's better not to 'take a big dip' in the subsequent egg price. I think it is ideal to have a steady rise."
"Sustaining the supply and price of important livelihood commodities is a very important task, which is related to the basic life of the people." Meng Wei said, "The National Day is approaching, and the demand for important livelihood commodities such as vegetables and pork is booming. Unfavorable factors such as heavy rainfall and weather have occurred in some places, and the work of ensuring the supply and price of important livelihood commodities is facing certain pressure."
What measures will be taken to stabilize prices?
Meng Wei said that the National Development and Reform Commission will further consolidate the "vegetable basket" mayor responsibility system on the basis of keeping an eye on the market supply and demand of vegetables, pork and other important commodities for people's livelihood, and urge and guide all localities to take measures such as strengthening production, placing reserves, and market supervision. Ways to do a good job in ensuring supply and price stability:
The first is to guide all localities to grasp vegetable production, strengthen the connection between production and sales, smooth transportation and distribution, and ensure smooth "micro-circulation" in the terminal market and sufficient market supply.
Measures such as parity sales, subsidies for circulation and sales, and reduction or exemption of wholesale market entry fees were adopted to promote the smooth operation of prices.
The second is to release the central pork reserves in a timely manner, and guide all localities to increase their efforts to simultaneously release local government pork reserves, and the price of the release is lower than the market price, so as to ensure the smooth operation of the market supply and price of live pigs.
At the same time, guide all localities to put in reserves of finished grain and oil, vegetables, eggs, etc. in a timely manner to increase market supply.
The third is to encourage key backbone enterprises to adhere to honest management, take the lead in ensuring supply and stabilizing prices, and coordinate relevant departments to crack down on collusive price increases, price gouging and other violations of laws and regulations.
"From the perspective of market operation, relevant policies and measures have achieved positive results. Recently, the prices of finished grain and oil have been basically stable, the prices of vegetables and eggs have fallen, and the prices of pork have been running smoothly." Meng Wei said, "In the future, we will continue to track the market situation of important commodities for people's livelihood. , to further consolidate the main responsibilities of local governments, promote the implementation of relevant measures to be effective, ensure sufficient market supply and overall price stability, and create a good price environment for the masses to celebrate the festival."