Energy Without danger to the supply and accusations of sabotage: the keys to the leaks of Nord Stream 1 and 2
German security authorities take it for granted that the three pipelines of the
Nord Stream 1 and 2 gas pipelines
in the Baltic Sea will be permanently disabled after alleged acts of sabotage.
If they are not fixed quickly, a lot of salt water will enter and corrode the pipes, according to government sources.
As a first step, the Federal Police will now intensify the control of German territorial waters and its ships will more closely monitor the corresponding routes of critical infrastructures.
In addition, the federal states will reinforce the protection of the coastal areas of
the North Sea and the Baltic
There is also concern about the safety
of the liquefied gas terminals
that are being built and the submarine and telecommunications cables.
Experts and government circles believe, due to the complexity of the attack, that it could only have been carried out by a state actor.
Speculation points in the direction of
, although the reason is not clear.
Blaming Russia means assuming that Moscow decides to blow up its own infrastructure, for the time being unusable, causing multimillion-dollar damages and giving up a bargaining card on energy matters in the future.
All this to launch a veiled threat to
about its ability to attack its infrastructure.
German secret services (BND)
are now in charge of the investigation, and satellite images of possible ship movements in the run-up to the detonations are being analyzed.
One of the theories is that divers could have placed explosives in the two pipes of the Nord Stream 1 and in one of the two pipes of the Nord Stream 2 gas pipeline, which has not yet been put into operation.
Although gas had already stopped flowing through Nord Stream 1 recently and Nord Stream 2 had not come on stream due to the Russian invasion of Ukraine, the case raises new questions about energy security in
After the alleged attacks, natural gas prices rose again.
Germany is trying to discuss the situation further with the
Danish and Swedish authorities
, but it is very difficult to carry out proper searches at a depth of 70 to 80 meters.
German territorial waters are controlled from Cuxhaven by the joint
Sea Situation Center of
the Federal Police and the
Coast Guard of the Länder
From the Danish side it was said on Wednesday that an investigation at sea could only take place in one or two weeks.
Also for security reasons.
For his part, Economy Minister
recognizes the danger of new acts of sabotage.
"Of course, critical infrastructure is a potential target," he said, recalling that this had been experienced in the past, for example in a software attack on a wind farm.
The security situation has evolved due to the war in
, the minister continued, "but Germany is a country that knows how to defend itself and Europe is a continent that can protect its energy infrastructures," he stressed.
, currently one of the largest suppliers of gas to Europe, has massively strengthened the protection of its gas pipeline system, which is marked on all nautical charts, but difficult to protect due to its length.
also considers sabotage as the probable cause of the leaks in the Nord Stream 1 and 2 gas pipelines and has threatened to take countermeasures, thus assuming that these acts of sabotage were orchestrated by Moscow.
The President of the European Commission,
Ursula von der Leyen
, had already spoken on Tuesday of the "act of sabotage" after talks with the Danish Prime Minister,
It is now of the utmost importance to investigate the incidents to obtain "full clarity" about what happened and the background, von der Leyen wrote on Twitter.
"Any deliberate disruption of active European energy infrastructure is unacceptable and will lead to the strongest possible reaction," warned the Commission president.
Frederiksen also said that the Danish government is also considering the thesis that the leaks
"were deliberate acts"
Seismologists had recorded tremors on Monday near leaks detected in the Baltic Sea.
A seismograph on the
Danish island of Bornholm
recorded a tremor twice: once at 2 a.m. local time and once at 7 p.m., the German research center GFZ announced on Tuesday.
there were no signs of earthquakes.
Bjorn Lund of
the Swedish Seismological Center
at Uppsala University
SVT broadcaster: "There is no doubt that these were explosions."
The Danish Minister for Climate and Energy,
, later confirmed the scientists' claims.
The gas pipes were deep in the water and were made of steel and concrete.
The size of the leaks indicates that it could not have been an accident with a ship's anchor.
The force with which the methane gas hits the surface of the water indicates that the leaks are large.
Many questions will now be addressed to the German government.
the US secret service
(CIA) warned them weeks ago of possible attacks on gas pipelines.
This hint from the US foreign intelligence service was received in Berlin in the summer,
reported on Tuesday, citing "people familiar with the matter".
In government circles it is claimed that the warnings had not been very clear-
Following the pressure drop in the Nord Stream 1 pipeline, the
Federal Network Agency
had said no impact on security of supply was expected.
Gas storage levels continue to rise steadily despite the fact that the pipeline has been feeding for four weeks.
According to the authority, they are currently around 91%.
Due to the incidents, the authority asked the state company
to be especially attentive to the security of its facilities.
Pipeline breaks are extremely rare, so it sees reasons to raise the so-called readiness level in the gas and electricity sector to the second-highest "orange" level, the energy authority wrote.
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