China News Service, July 7th, Question: China New Observation | Why are these two provinces becoming a "depression" for the sex ratio of the population?

  China-Singapore Finance reporter Li Jinlei

  The recently released "China Population Census Yearbook-2020" released the sex ratio of the total population of 31 provinces and the specific data of the male and female populations in each province.

The overall population of the country is more male than female

  The overall population of the country is more male than female.

The main data of the seventh national census showed that the national male population was 723.34 million, accounting for 51.24%; the female population was 688.44 million, accounting for 48.76%.

There are 34.9 million more men than women.

The sex ratio of the total population (100 females, male to female ratio) was 105.07.

  The 2021 National Economic and Social Development Statistical Bulletin shows that in terms of gender composition, the male population is 723.11 million and the female population is 689.49 million, with 33.62 million more males than females.

The sex ratio of the total population was 104.88 (100 women).

  Although there are generally more men than women, the male population has already started to decline in 2021.

From "China Census Yearbook-2020".

The sex ratio of the adult population in these two provinces is "depressed"

  From a local level, the "China Census Yearbook-2020" shows that among the 31 provinces, 2 have a sex ratio of the total population below 100, 17 have a sex ratio between 100 and 105, and 17 have a sex ratio between 105 and 110. There are 9 provinces in between and 3 provinces above 110.

  Among them, the two provinces with a sex ratio of the total population below 100 are Jilin (99.69) and Liaoning (99.7), that is to say, these two provinces have more women than men.

The specific data shows that Jilin has a male population of 12,018,319 and a female population of 12,055,134. There are about 36,000 more women than men.

Liaoning has a male population of 21,263,529 and a female population of 21,327,878. There are about 64,000 more women than men.

  The sex ratio of Heilongjiang's total population is 100.35, and the population of men and women is also very close, with little difference.

In general, the three northeastern provinces are the "depression" of the total population sex ratio, which is lower than the national average.

  Not only is the sex ratio of the total population low, the sex ratio at birth in Northeast China is 106.3, which is also lower than the national average and within the normal range.

  Feng Wenmeng, director of the Research Office of the Institute of Public Administration and Human Resources of the Development Research Center of the State Council, analyzed the "China New Observation" column of Chinanews.com. The reason why the Northeast is a "depression" for the sex ratio of the population is mainly due to the outflow of population, especially the outflow of male population. .

  He said that in recent years, due to factors such as economic growth and employment issues, many populations in the Northeast have been outflowed, especially male youth.

The survey also found that due to the relatively low wage level in some parts of the Northeast, for men to earn wages locally to start a family and support a family, the pressure is relatively high, and the external mobility is relatively greater. Earn higher income for developed regions.

  Feng Wenmeng pointed out that field research also found that women who are willing to return to work in Northeast China after graduating from college are often women. In many third- and fourth-tier cities, women are mostly women.

Although the income in these areas is not high, the life is relatively comfortable, which is more in line with the employment choices of some women.

The "strong men" left, women stayed, and women lived longer, which objectively led to the result that there were more women than men.

Guangdong has the highest sex ratio of the total population

  The "China Census Yearbook-2020" shows that the sex ratio of Guangdong's total population is the highest, reaching 113.08, which is above 110.

  The specific data shows that Guangdong has a male population of 66,873,646 and a female population of 59,138,864, with about 7.73 million more males than females.

  Why does Guangdong have a higher gender population?

This has a lot to do with the influx of male population.

  Feng Wenmeng analyzed that Guangdong is the largest economic province in China. It has been a major population inflow area since the reform and opening up. A large number of young floating population have flowed to Guangdong. In general, males occupy the majority, especially in long-distance mobility, and the proportion of males is higher.

With the inflow of a large number of male populations, it has also pushed up the sex ratio of Guangdong's total population to a certain extent.

(Finish)

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