• Inflation does not spare tenants who will see their rent go up by the end of the year.

  • To limit this increase, the government announced two measures.

    A rent shield that caps this increase at 3.5% and a revaluation of APL at 3.5%.

  • Too light measures according to experts in the sector who would have favored a rent freeze.

“Faced with rising prices, we are protecting the French.

On Monday, June 27, Bruno Le Maire, Minister of Economy and Finance, announced two measures to fight against inflation which also affects rents, and thus, tenants.

First, a “rent shield” which will limit the increase to 3.5%, while the Rent Reference Index (IRL), which sets the ceilings for the annual rent increases that landlords can demand depending on the prices for consumption, could happily exceed this threshold as of July 13.

Until the end of June 2023, rents cannot increase by more than 3.5%.

With inflation, they could have increased by more than 5%.


This rent shield will be accompanied by a 3.5% revaluation of the APL.


Faced with rising prices, we protect the French.

– Bruno Le Maire (@BrunoLeMaire) June 27, 2022


Access to this content has been blocked to respect your choice of consent

By clicking on "

I ACCEPT

", you accept the deposit of cookies by external services and will thus have access to the content of our partners

I ACCEPT

And to better remunerate 20 Minutes, do not hesitate to accept all cookies, even for one day only, via our "I accept for today" button in the banner below.

More information on the Cookie Management Policy page.


The second measure consists of a 3.5% increase in personal housing assistance (APL) which affects some of the most modest households for housing.

Concrete decisions... which are struggling to convince professionals in the sector.

Measures too timid

“It's a measure, reacts David Rodrigues, lawyer of the consumer defense association CLCV, we are very far from the rent freeze proposed by Bruno Le Maire himself recently.

“According to the lawyer, this ceiling is not really one since the latest INSEE forecasts established the next IRL around this 3.5%: “If the forecasts had said 4, they would have put it at 4.”

Already challenged on this subject on social networks, the Minister of Ecological Transition, Amélie de Montchalin defended herself by explaining that the IRL could reach 5% in the fourth quarter of the year.

Forecasts confirmed by the French Observatory of economic conditions.

In this case, the 3.5% shield represents protection.

“Disproportionate” measures between them

But it needs to be put into perspective according to David Rodrigues, with supporting figures: “For a rent of 600 euros (the average rent in France), the 5% increase represents 252 euros per year.

This is insurmountable for many households.

Whereas it is a shortfall that is easier for owners to absorb, by definition in more affluent situations.

»

To cash in on this increase, tenants can count on a revaluation of APLs, “disproportionate” to the increases.

“The same household that paid 600 euros in rent and receives 100 euros from APL will only see the latter increase by 3.5 euros, or 42 euros over the year.

Subtracted from the 252 euros rent increase, it is a dead loss of 210 euros.

»

An observation shared by Pierre Marec, an economist at the OFCE who highlights it on a national scale: “The 3.5% increase (in rents) would weigh 2.6 billion euros on the rest to live tenant households.

This decrease in the remainder to live is only partially offset by the State through the increase of 810 million euros in APL.

In total, this therefore makes an additional 1.7 billion euros to be paid for tenants over one year.

Not all tenants benefit from APL

This protection for tenants is also limited in scope since not all tenants have access to APLs.

Of the 10.6 million tenant households in France, just over half benefit from it.

At the end of 2019, 6.5 million households benefited from one of the personal housing aids (APL, ALS or ALF), but this figure has since decreased according to Michel Fréchet, national president of the General Housing Confederation (CGL): "Many have lost their rights to APL with the 2021 reform. And others are stagnating just above the ceiling.

According to a Senate report, this reform excluded 285,000 people from the right to APL.

An undifferentiated rent freeze would have penalized a modest landlord who lives off the rental of his property to supplement his retirement and at the same time would favor a wealthy tenant.

It wouldn't be fair.

— Amélie de Montchalin (@AdeMontchalin) June 27, 2022


Access to this content has been blocked to respect your choice of consent

By clicking on "

I ACCEPT

", you accept the deposit of cookies by external services and will thus have access to the content of our partners

I ACCEPT

And to better remunerate 20 Minutes, do not hesitate to accept all cookies, even for one day only, via our "I accept for today" button in the banner below.

More information on the Cookie Management Policy page.


In general, all the experts contacted by

20 Minutes

agree on the assessment of these measures.

To sum up: “It's better than nothing but there was a lot better to do.

»

Rent freeze acclaimed

According to them, a rent freeze was the best solution to put in place.

“It was the first thing to do.

The most popular solution at the National Housing Council,” explains Michel Fréchet.

According to him, housing, both private and public, brings in several tens of billions of euros per year to the State, compensation for owners is therefore possible.

The CLCV offers two additional solutions.

A first which would consist in removing food and energy from the calculation of the IRL to limit the effects since these are two sectors already strongly affected by inflation

: "

Including it in the calculation of the IRL, it

is to make them pay twice.

»

Amélie de Montchalin defends the "modest owners"

Faced with critics regretting a rent freeze, the minister defended the "modest landlord who lives from the rental of his property" against the "well-to-do tenant".

An argument that does not hold for David Rodrigues: “A rent freeze does not mean a loss for a landlord, it is a loss of earnings.

Whereas for a tenant, the increase in his rent is a loss of purchasing power.

»

Economy

Housing: The Mayor announces the revaluation of APLs and the capping of rent increases

Economy

Purchasing power: The government will offer a food check of 100 euros for low-income households

  • Economy

  • Lodging

  • Immovable

  • Bruno the Mayor

  • Amelie de Montchalin

  • Inflation

Keywords: