The rating agency Moody's has determined that Russia has defaulted on payments due to international investors not paying their debts on time.

Specifically, it is about interest payments on two government bonds that have not reached creditors even after a default period of 30 days, the US company announced on Monday (local time) in New York.

It has been more than a hundred years since Russia last defaulted on its foreign debt.

The last time the country failed to settle its accounts with international creditors was in 1918 after the Bolshevik revolution.

Russia's last state bankruptcy was in 1998 as a result of money shortages in the wake of falling oil prices and the Asian crisis, but at the time it only affected internal debt in rubles.

This time it is not a question of bankruptcy in the true sense.

Russia's treasury is well stocked, but the Kremlin is struggling to pay foreign debts because of Western sanctions over the war in Ukraine.

According to the Interfax agency, Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov said on Monday that Moscow's payments would be blocked because of sanctions "is not our problem".

Financial markets not surprised

In view of the well-known problems caused by the sanctions, the default comes as no surprise.

On the financial markets, the risk had been considered firmly calculated and manageable for months.

As early as March, the head of the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Kristalina Georgieva, described the involvement of international banks in Russia as “definitely not systemically important”.