With the implementation of a series of measures to stabilize employment, in May, the national urban surveyed unemployment rate dropped by 0.2 percentage points from the previous month——


Make a good "combination punch" to stabilize employment

【Economic interface】

  Employment is related to the livelihood of the majority of families.

In this regard, the CPC Central Committee and the State Council attach great importance to ensuring employment and job security at the top of the "six stability" and "six guarantees" work.

In response to the severe situation and challenges in the field of employment, various localities and departments have introduced policies and measures, implemented various measures to stabilize employment, and the effect of stabilizing employment has initially appeared.

According to data released by the National Bureau of Statistics recently, the surveyed unemployment rate in urban areas nationwide was 5.9 percent in May, down 0.2 percentage points from the previous month.

Among them, the unemployment rate of the 25 to 59-year-old main employment group was 5.1%, a decrease of 0.2 percentage points from the previous month.

This shows that with the continuous release of the dividends of a series of policies to stabilize enterprises and benefit the people, the fundamentals of my country's employment are generally improving.

1. Guarantee employment by guaranteeing market entities

  "The government department sent tens of thousands of yuan at once, which gave us a 'reassuring pill'." Recently, a person in charge of a company in Chongqing told reporters that due to the impact of the new crown pneumonia epidemic, the company's operating pressure has increased, but after hard work, it finally to zero layoffs.

To this end, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security issued subsidy funds to enterprises.

  To protect the main body of the market is to protect employment.

Since March, due to the many domestic epidemics, widespread and frequent outbreaks, and the more complex and severe international situation, the difficulties of market players have increased significantly.

The State Council executive meeting held a few days ago further deployed a package of measures to stabilize the economy, including 33 measures in 6 areas.

Among them, the full amount of existing and incremental tax rebates will be implemented in more industries, with an increase of more than 140 billion yuan in tax rebates, and the total annual tax rebate of 2.64 trillion yuan; The three social security premium policies, including the deferred payment of pensions, will be extended to the end of the year, and will be extended to other industries in extreme poverty. It is estimated that the payment of 320 billion yuan will be deferred this year;

  In terms of helping enterprises to stabilize their jobs, Guangxi has returned funds to enterprises for job stabilization. Large enterprises will return 30% of the actual unemployment insurance premiums paid by the enterprise and its employees in the previous year, and the return ratio of small, medium and micro enterprises will increase from 60% in 2021 to 90%. %; Shaanxi implements the policy of deferred payment of basic old-age insurance premiums, unemployment insurance premiums, and work-related injury insurance premiums for catering, retail, tourism, civil aviation, road, water, and railway transportation enterprises in stages...

  Under the conditions of good epidemic prevention and control, all localities will promote the resumption of production and production of enterprises as soon as possible.

At the same time, various departments have accelerated the implementation of tax rebates, tax reductions and fee reductions, and delayed payment of social security premiums, and other relief policies for enterprises, made greater efforts to reduce costs, and strengthened the precision of manufacturing, contact service industries, small and medium-sized enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households. Support, further reduce the burden on market players, and help them overcome difficulties and keep their jobs.

2. Bringing employment by promoting innovation and entrepreneurship

  In the face of the sudden increase in employment pressure, Lu Xinyu from Shanghai University of International Business and Economics chose flexible employment. In her own words, it "unlocked the new identity of the anchor with goods".

In 2020, the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security and other departments have released 9 new occupations, including Internet marketers, and "bringing goods anchors into formal jobs", which also provides new options for young people who are interested in flexible employment and self-employment.

  At the beginning of this year, Lu Xinyu participated in the training of Tianxiaxiu Education e-commerce course, and achieved excellent results in the Shanghai Invitational Competition of "New Marketing, Creating the Future" National Campus New Media Marketing Innovation Competition, which strengthened her confidence in choosing this new industry. : "Through training and competition, I have a deeper understanding of this new format, and my career path has become clearer."

  In May of this year, the General Office of the State Council issued the "Notice on Further Doing a Good Job in the Employment and Entrepreneurship of College Graduates and Other Youth", proposing 20 policies and measures, requiring all localities to support graduates to start their own businesses, and to provide guaranteed loans for business startups, interest discounts, taxes and fees Reduction and exemption policy, social security subsidies will be given to graduates who have flexible employment in the graduation year.

  In Shangcheng District, Hangzhou, Zhang Ziwei, who has been in business for two years, just received a rent subsidy of 40,000 yuan for college students' entrepreneurial venues and also enjoyed two full-interest discounted college students' entrepreneurial guarantee loans.

At present, the "Tireless Young Sprout School" founded by her is applying for free funding for college students' entrepreneurial projects.

  In Chengdu, the same story is playing out.

The Chengdu Municipal Human Resources and Social Security Bureau vigorously promotes the "Youth Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Employment Dream Project", increases the incentives and support for entrepreneurship policies, and actively implements policies such as entrepreneurial subsidies, entrepreneurial employment incentives, entrepreneurial guaranteed loans and interest discounts, and tax reductions and exemptions. At the same time, it also encourages The business incubation carrier provides free venue support to college graduates and entrepreneurs...

  At the national level, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments have recently introduced measures to further encourage employment through promoting innovation and entrepreneurship.

For example, the unreasonable restrictions on employment and entrepreneurship shall be cleaned up and removed, the leading role and service capabilities of the demonstration bases for innovation and entrepreneurship shall be further enhanced, and the demonstration action of entrepreneurship and employment promotion shall be carried out in depth.

Continue to hold a series of entrepreneurship and innovation activities and enhance the service capabilities of the entrepreneurship and innovation platform.

Strengthen the construction of platforms such as returning to the hometown to enter the hometown to start a business, and encourage returning to the hometown to enter the hometown to start a business.

Support multi-channel flexible employment, strengthen the protection of labor rights and interests in new forms of employment, and continuously release the momentum of innovation and entrepreneurship.

3. Stabilize employment by focusing on key groups

  On June 18, at the human resources market in Jinjiang District, Chengdu, Yang Xueping, a migrant worker, found a job through the latest recruitment information.

At the same time, at the Chengdu Century City New International Convention and Exhibition Center, a large-scale public welfare recruitment of college graduates sponsored by the Chengdu Municipal Bureau of Human Resources and Social Security was held. curtain.

At the job fair, nearly 1,000 employers, including the Institute of Optoelectronics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, China Railway Second Bureau, AVIC Chengfei, and ZTE, participated in the meeting, providing more than 29,000 jobs for college graduates.

  At present, the employment of college graduates has entered a critical point, and the employment of key groups such as migrant workers has brought continuous pressure to the work of various departments in various regions.

For the employment of key groups, various localities have successively formulated policies and measures to promote the employment of young people such as college graduates, continued to carry out public employment services into campus activities, and implemented the centralized recruitment of grassroots service positions and the recruitment of millions of trainee positions.

At the same time, we will help migrant workers, poverty-stricken people, elderly people with difficulties in finding employment, and the unemployed to find employment, and implement employment assistance actions in key counties and large resettlement areas relocated to different places.

From January to May this year, 1.96 million unemployed people were re-employed, and 680,000 people with employment difficulties were employed.

By the end of May, 31.33 million people had been lifted out of poverty nationwide.

  In Sichuan, 15 policies and measures to stabilize and expand employment have been introduced, and efforts have been made in supporting enterprises to stabilize jobs, optimizing employment training and employment services, and stabilizing the employment of key groups such as migrant workers and college graduates.

In Shanghai, 11 departments jointly issued a notice to mobilize central enterprises in Shanghai, Shanghai-owned and district-owned state-owned enterprises to expand the recruitment scale for college graduates.

At the same time, it is required to expand the scale of grass-roots employment projects for college graduates, encourage social organizations to create more jobs, and absorb college graduates for employment.

In Guangdong, through the implementation of "Public Employment Services Entering Campus", 530 recruitment activities were held, providing 293,000 jobs; through the organization of "point-to-point" special car trains and charter flights, 810 key enterprises were organized to send migrant workers to their posts. Over 150,000 people.

4. Strengthen employment support through talent training

  On June 16, the first vocational skills competition of "Three Gorges Cement Cup" Songzi City, Hubei Province came to an end. 252 contestants from various fields in Songzi City participated in the competition.

From traditional skills such as welder, clothing sewing, tile veneer, to new technology skills such as forklift driving and plant protection drone operation, to social service projects such as tour guide explanation and elderly care, a group of skill "masters" stand out.

  This is a beneficial attempt to hold a comprehensive skills competition in county-level regions across the country.

Contestant Yang Jinrong told reporters: "This competition is a test for our chemical inspectors, and it is also an improvement for our professional skills." The relevant person in charge of the local Human Resources and Social Security Department said that in recent years, the city has organized various types of vocational skills. 269 ​​shifts have been trained, and 15,147 talents of various types have been trained.

"Through this competition, the level of vocational skills in the city has been further improved, and the effect of promoting training and talent training through competition has been achieved."

  Strengthening labor skills training is an important measure to optimize the talent structure and promote the matching of supply and demand.

All localities and departments continue to promote vocational skills training and strengthen employment support.

In terms of improving vocational skills, Guangxi has expanded the scope of skill improvement subsidies to those who receive unemployment insurance benefits and employees who have participated in unemployment insurance for more than 1 year. These two types of personnel who have obtained vocational qualification certificates or vocational skill grade certificates can apply for them. Skill upgrade allowance.

Shanghai will include the National Vocational Qualification Certificate for skilled personnel closely related to production safety, public safety, personal health, and life and property safety into the scope of occupational skill improvement subsidies.

Fujian includes the unemployed who receive unemployment insurance benefits into the scope of skill improvement subsidies, and grants a subsidy of up to 2,000 yuan according to the certificate level, and allows eligible regions to withdraw 4% of the fund balance from the unemployment insurance fund for vocational skills training.

  It is reported that in the first quarter of this year, a total of 830 million yuan of skill improvement subsidies were issued to 487,000 people nationwide, and 22.78 million vocational training vouchers were issued.

Relevant departments have organized and implemented key training projects and plans, implemented vocational skills training plans in depth, implemented a new type of apprenticeship system for enterprises with Chinese characteristics, further strengthened the training of key groups and urgently needed occupations (types of work), improved the quality of training, and provided further support for employment.

(Reporter Qiu Yue)

Keywords: