(Economic Watch) How to balance development and emission reduction under China's "dual carbon" goal?

  China News Service, Beijing, June 19 (Reporter Ruan Yulin) Currently in the process of low-carbon and green transition, how to maintain stable and healthy economic and social development, and how to balance the relationship between development and emission reduction has become China's realization of the "dual carbon" goal. real challenges.

  The construction of China's ecological civilization has entered a key strategic direction with carbon reduction as the key strategic direction, promoting the synergy of pollution reduction and carbon reduction, promoting the comprehensive green transformation of economic and social development, and realizing the key stage of ecological environment quality improvement from quantitative change to qualitative change.

  "At present, various regions, departments, industries and all walks of life have researched and proposed the implementation of carbon neutrality action plans for carbon peaking. We must realize that achieving the goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality has many favorable conditions, as well as some difficulties and difficulties. Challenges," Ma Aimin, deputy director of the National Center for Climate Change Strategy Research and International Cooperation, told reporters at a theme event hosted by the China Environmental Journalists Association a few days ago.

  Ma Aimin said that we are faced with the contradiction between the rapid economic growth and the improvement of people's living standards and the increase in the demand for greenhouse gas emissions.

China's economy is still in the process of rapid growth, and people's living standards are constantly improving, which means that the demand for energy consumption is further increasing.

China's economic structure is still heavily weighted, with a high proportion of heavy chemical industry and high energy consumption.

China's energy resource endowment is dominated by coal, and the high proportion of coal means that the task of emission reduction is more arduous.

  Experts pointed out that China is striving to achieve peak carbon dioxide emissions by 2030 and carbon neutrality by 2060, which means that China, as the world's largest developing country, will achieve the world's highest reduction in carbon emission intensity, with the shortest reduction in global history. Time to achieve carbon peaking to carbon neutrality.

  On March 15, 2021, the ninth meeting of the Central Financial and Economic Commission pointed out that carbon neutrality is a broad and profound economic and social systemic change, and carbon peaking should be incorporated into the overall layout of ecological civilization construction.

  In order to promote the realization of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, on September 22, 2021, the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the State Council issued the "Opinions on Completely Accurately Implementing the New Development Concept and Doing a Good Job in Carbon Peaking and Carbon Neutralization", October 24, 2021 The State Council Published the "Carbon Peak Action Plan before 2030", in addition to formulating and promulgating implementation plans for key fields such as energy, industry, construction, and transportation, as well as key industries such as power, steel, cement, petrochemical, and chemical industries, as well as technology, finance, taxation, finance, etc. Safeguard measures, and jointly form the "1+N" policy system, timetable, roadmap and construction map for China's carbon peak carbon neutrality.

  Ma Aimin emphasized that to implement the "dual carbon" goal, we must correctly understand and grasp the strategic goal of carbon peaking and carbon neutrality, and unswervingly implement the national strategy of actively addressing climate change with the spirit of long-term dedication, and we must handle development. and emissions reductions, global and local, short-term and long-term.

It is necessary to truly integrate carbon peaking and carbon neutrality into the overall situation of ecological civilization construction and economic and social development, mainstream the work of addressing climate change, lead by goals, plan first, and guide the "double carbon" work in various regions and fields.

  At the same time, the work to deal with climate change involves a wide range of fields. It is necessary to highlight and strengthen the low-carbon transformation work in key areas such as energy, industry, transportation, and urban and rural construction, and do a good job in the control of greenhouse gases from key emission sources.

It is also necessary to start from the goal of achieving carbon neutrality, expand carbon sinks and develop carbon removal technologies, and actively support qualified regions, key industries, and key enterprises to take the lead in reaching the peak, and play their leading and exemplary role.

  Ma Aimin said that in terms of systems, special attention should be paid to promoting the transition from dual control of energy to dual control of carbon emissions, including the transition from the control of carbon emission intensity to the control of total carbon emissions, so as to adapt to the requirements of the new situation.

  Huang Runqiu, Minister of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment, said that to steadily and orderly promote "carbon peaking and carbon neutrality", we must base ourselves on the basic national conditions of rich coal, poor oil, and little gas, insist on establishing first and then break through, and make a comprehensive plan.

At the same time, we will do a good job in the clean and efficient utilization of coal, increase the power consumption capacity of new energy, promote the priority combination of coal and new energy, introduce a synergistic implementation plan for reducing pollution and carbon, and accelerate the adjustment of industrial structure, energy structure, and transportation structure. Vigorously deepen the construction of a national carbon emission trading market, support the transformation of green and low-carbon technological innovations, and use economic and technological means to reduce pollution and carbon.