China News Agency, Beijing, June 1 (Reporter Chen Su) On the 1st, China's "Wetland Protection Law" was officially implemented. This is the first time that China has specifically implemented legislative protection for wetland ecosystems, marking China's wetland protection work has fully entered the track of the rule of law. .

  Wetlands are one of the important ecosystems in the world, with important ecological functions such as water conservation, water purification, biodiversity maintenance, flood storage and drought prevention, climate regulation and carbon sequestration. Climate change plays an important role and is known as the "kidney of the earth" and "the gene pool of species".

  In recent years, China has continuously strengthened wetland protection. A total of 97 wetland-related systems have been established at the national and provincial levels, a wetland protection policy system has been initially formed, and a wetland protection management system has been initially established. 64 internationally important wetlands and 29 nationally important wetlands have been designated. Wetland, more than 600 wetland nature reserves and more than 1,600 wetland parks have been established, and the wetland protection rate has increased to more than 50%.

  Bao Daming, deputy director of the Wetland Management Department of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration of China, said at the second quarterly regular press conference of the State Forestry and Grassland Administration that forests, grasslands, deserts and wetlands are important natural ecosystems. Law, Grassland Law and Desertification Prevention Law and other special laws.

The promulgation of the "Wetland Protection Law" has filled the blank of China's ecosystem legislation and further enriched and improved China's ecological civilization system.

  He said that the "Wetland Protection Law" is the first law in China to specifically protect wetlands. It has 7 chapters and 65 articles. Based on the overall protection and restoration of wetland ecosystems, it has established the "four beams and eight pillars" of the top-level design of wetland protection management, leading China's wetland protection. The work has entered the track of legalization in an all-round way.

"It is necessary to fully, accurately and comprehensively implement the legal provisions, 'escort' the wetland protection and restoration work by means of the rule of law, and promote the high-quality development of wetland protection in China."

  Bao Daming said that China will take the implementation of the "Wetland Protection Law" as an opportunity to strengthen wetland protection and restoration, scientifically determine wetland management and control goals, and ensure the stability of the total amount of wetlands.

Take near-natural measures to enhance the natural restoration capacity of wetland ecosystems, and focus on ecological restoration and comprehensive management of wetlands with severely degraded ecological functions.

Improve the wetland management system, establish and improve the wetland classification management system, publish a list of important wetlands, and formulate classification management measures.

Strive to increase China's wetland protection rate to 55% by the end of the "14th Five-Year Plan" (2021-2025) and restore 1 million mu of wetlands.