Newsweek丨The epidemic spreads more and more, how can policies really become "timely rain" for enterprises?

  The Omicron variant will hit the world at the end of 2021. At the beginning of 2022, from Tianjin to Jilin to Shenzhen, Guangzhou, and Shanghai, the economy has been deeply impacted by the epidemic again and again. In this context, it is difficult for the economy to become independent OK.

On Monday, the National Bureau of Statistics released data showing that some major economic indicators, such as industry, service industry, consumption and import and export, all declined in April. In particular, consumption fell by 11.1% year-on-year.

Under these figures, the government and enterprises are all making policies and thinking of ways. What is the effect?

How will we get out of the economic shock of this pandemic?

  As of this Friday, it is the 20th day that Beijing has suspended dine-in services due to the epidemic.

At the press conference on epidemic prevention and control in the afternoon, the spokesperson said that the city continues to implement social prevention and control measures to suspend dine-in.

In addition to take-out, in order to maintain business, more and more restaurants have set up stalls on the street in front of the store.

  For some small and micro catering operators who are responsible for their own profits and losses, due to the continued impact of the epidemic, without stable dine-in support, even if the number of takeaway orders has increased, they are still stretched.

The store saves water and electricity, and saves it if you can.

The chef brings the specialty dishes to the roadside and asks the diners to take them away.

Others have changed their sales strategy, and Western-style restaurants have sold Chinese-style fried fruits.

  The restaurant in charge of Kang Chang is located in Chengdu. It has a garden theme and a novel design, making the store a check-in place.

After the previous outbreak of the epidemic, several streets and communities around the restaurant were temporarily closed one after another, so that the restaurant was on the verge of closing.

Like most operators, she has also opened takeaways and community marketing. In addition, Chengdu has introduced policies such as rent reduction and exemption, and subsidies to help overcome difficulties.

  Shangrao, Jiangxi, which has experienced 14 days of static management, gradually resumed dine-in service on Tuesday.

In the past few days, the number of diners coming to the restaurant has gradually recovered.

Catering operators have retained the way of attracting customers through live-streaming teaching and cooking, hoping to continue to improve diners' goodwill towards the restaurant, and to deliver pre-made dishes to diners in need.

  Li Qinghua, Operation Director of Shangrao Yungu Catering Management Co., Ltd.: In the concept of catering, our catering hopes that everyone can have a dine-in experience, but because it is indeed affected by the epidemic, it can also meet the needs of diners, so we provide There are two aspects of delivery. The first delivery is fresh ingredients, and the second is to meet the needs of customers, we will start the delivery of corresponding semi-finished products.

  The spread of the epidemic over a long period of time has caused a considerable impact on the catering service industry.

In fact, the National Development and Reform Commission and other departments have formulated the "Several Policies on Promoting the Recovery and Development of Difficult Industries in the Service Industry", giving priority to supporting industries with special difficulties such as catering and retail.

The central bank said that since the official implementation of the large-scale value-added tax credit and refund policy since April 1, as of May 15, the national treasury at all levels has handled more than 900 billion yuan, and the funds have been directly connected to relevant corporate accounts.

The tax rebate bonus can go directly to small and micro enterprises.

  Liu Jianhong, Deputy Director of the Goods and Labor Service Tax Division of the Jiangxi Provincial Taxation Bureau of the State Administration of Taxation, and Deputy Head of the Tax Refund Group of the Tax Refund and Tax Reduction Office: Because of the restrictions on (the flow of people) gathering, the operating income of the hotel and catering industry has been affected. It is precisely in response to these difficulties in operation that there is no income in the short term, and only this part of the enterprise is purchased, which is equivalent to an interest-free loan to the enterprise. Specifically, in the catering and hotel industry, one situation is based on the standards of the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology for small, medium and micro enterprises. Micro-enterprises and small-scale hotel and catering enterprises can enjoy tax rebates in accordance with the Announcement No. 14 this year.

  In fact, small restaurants are the microcirculation foundation for smooth domestic circulation.

Under the repeated influence of the epidemic, in addition to finding ways for catering operators to recover their losses, various support policies must also make operators look forward to it.

  In April's economic data, people who pay attention to industrial data see that the added value of industrial enterprises above designated size fell by 2.9% year-on-year in April, the first negative growth in two years.

Among them, the most obvious decline was in the automobile manufacturing industry, which fell by more than 30% year-on-year.

Jilin and Shanghai, which have been most affected by the epidemic, are the key to automobile manufacturing and supply chains. It is now the beginning of late May. Is industrial production already bottoming out?

  This Thursday, at this light commercial vehicle manufacturer in Nanchang, Jiangxi, the assembly line was running smoothly, and the company was gradually coming out of the stage of tight raw materials.

In the past two months, the company's orders for negative pressure ambulances have grown rapidly. However, due to the impact of the epidemic, it is difficult for parts and components companies in the upstream of the industrial chain to ship normally. How to ensure the supply chain has become a priority for enterprises and local industry and information departments. the problem.

  Jin Wenhui, Secretary of the Party Committee and Executive Vice President of Jiangling Motors Co., Ltd.: We also quickly prepare the inventory of spare parts from foreign suppliers from Jiangsu, Zhejiang and Shanghai, and bring them to Nanchang.

Due to the multi-point distribution of the epidemic, more government departments in relevant regions are required to release vehicles.

In order to solve this problem, our Jiangxi Provincial Department of Industry and Information Technology organized a special class for Jiangling to coordinate the supply of our materials.

  The automobile industry chain is linked together, and the failure of an enterprise to resume work may lead to the paralysis of the entire industry chain.

During the worst period, more than 500 first- and second-tier suppliers of the company were unable to supply.

To this end, the local industry and information department in Jiangxi has issued more than 300 letters, coordinating more than 130 suppliers and logistics companies to resume work as soon as possible.

  In mid-April, Shanghai announced the first "white list" of key enterprises to resume work, and many parts suppliers of Jiangling Motors were among them.

However, the raw material suppliers of these enterprises were located in Jilin and other places. Under the logistics conditions at that time, it was difficult to find a round-trip truck.

Jiangling Motors decided to build its own fleet to help Shanghai companies solve logistics problems.

  This Thursday, a large truck pulling parts and components arrived in Nanchang from Shanghai. With the recent recovery of the logistics situation, drivers no longer have to travel to Jilin and other places, and the company's supply guarantee situation has improved significantly.

  The resumption of work and production involves a myriad of issues, many of which are small and urgent, testing the patience and responsibility of the relevant functional departments.

Not long ago, a foreign-funded enterprise in Suzhou, Jiangsu, was unable to put its core equipment into production because of the epidemic.

  There are four sets of this equipment, with a total price of more than 40 million yuan. They were shipped from Germany to Suzhou, Jiangsu as early as the end of March.

However, the epidemic prevention and control situation was severe at that time, professional loading and unloading workers were blocked in the community, coupled with poor logistics, equipment was stranded at the port.

How can the stevedores who are sealed and controlled in the community enter the factory?

This kind of problem has plagued the company for nearly a month, and finally found a solution under the coordination of the local investment promotion department.

  Duan Yueqiang, deputy director of the Investment Promotion Bureau of Taicang High-tech Zone: You can't say there are possible risks, because this reason delays the entire urgent matter.

This risk is within a certain controllable space, so we do the greatest flexibility within the scope of the policy.

  On April 28, three stevedores walked out of the community wearing protective clothing, entered the factory, and completed the loading and unloading operations with zero contact with other workers.

  Under the epidemic, it is not easy for enterprises to operate. All relevant departments should try to share their worries for enterprises, reduce blockages, increase fulcrums, reduce obstacles, increase confidence, help enterprises and solve difficulties, and overcome difficulties together with enterprises.

  To protect the economy, one of the important goals is to protect people's livelihood, and in the people's livelihood, the number one priority is employment.

Policies are constantly being released, and methods are constantly being thought about. Among them, there is a special makeshift hospital in Hubei, where enterprises are living in financial difficulties due to the epidemic. What kind of treatment will it receive?

  Vulcan Mountain and Leishen Mountain, perhaps many people's impression of Fangcang shelter hospitals, first came from these two "wartime" anti-epidemic hospitals.

Now it has become one of the "standards" in response to the epidemic in various places.

In Hubei, where it emerged, there is also a special kind of "fangcang shelter hospital" that hosts small, medium, and micro enterprises that are in dire need of assistance due to the epidemic.

Here, the relevant functional departments of the government, in conjunction with various financial institutions in the province, act as "doctors".

Epidemic prevention, transportation, finance, taxation, finance and other departments jointly "consulted", and gave a "package" assistance plan in a targeted manner.

  Liu Mingxing, Chief of the Financial Services Section of the Yichang Local Financial Work Bureau: Whether the company is eligible to enter the cabin, it should be said (depending on) that it was relatively healthy before the epidemic, or during the entire business process, and there is no such serious underlying disease. , and through our short-term temporary bailout policy, we can quickly achieve normal operation, the company's cash flow basically returns to normal, the order is stable, and the normal and continuous operating ability can be maintained, we can arrange for him to recover and leave the cabin.

  Taisheng Packaging Co., Ltd., located in Yichang, is a local enterprise that has entered the "Financial Service Square".

The company mainly produces cartons for major customers such as Nongfu Spring, Mengniu and Hengan.

Since the outbreak of the epidemic, the production capacity of their upstream base paper suppliers has been reduced, and the cost has risen from 2,500 yuan a ton to 4,000 yuan a ton; but due to the fierce competition of similar products, the price of downstream customers has been unable to increase, and the company's profit margins have been continuously compressed. .

  The chairman of the company, Wan Xin, has studied abroad and has been working in an investment bank in Shanghai since returning to China.

Four years ago, he returned to Yichang to take over the family business.

In order to change the predicament of the company being caught between the upstream and downstream and the profit is meager, he has always wanted to seek breakthroughs in improving the process and improving production efficiency.

At the end of last year, after many investigations, they decided to invest 17 million to launch a fully automated production line.

According to estimates, after using this equipment, a batch of cartons that may have taken 5 hours to produce before can be completed in only one and a half hours, the efficiency is increased by 3 times, and less raw materials are wasted.

But this investment is a long-term project, and it will take four or five years to see a return.

The epidemic that started in March broke Wanxin's capital chain and disrupted his plans.

  Once the raw materials cannot be purchased in time and the orders cannot be delivered on time, Wanxin will risk losing customers, and profitability will become an extravagant hope.

He applied to the Yichang Financial Bureau to stay in the "Corporate Financial Services Cabin".

After entering the cabin, the Financial Bureau assisted the Development and Reform Commission, the Economic and Information Bureau, the Bank and other departments to come to the company for a multi-party consultation, and came up with a "prescription": the Development and Reform Commission is responsible for ensuring the smooth transportation of raw materials and products; Allocate 1 million yuan in incentive funds for technological transformation; Postal Savings Bank, as the host bank, provided 3.6 million yuan of pure credit loans, extended the original loans, and reduced the interest of new loans to help him revive his cash flow.

  Wang Huaibing, Vice President of the Yichang Branch of Postal Savings Bank of China: After being affected by the epidemic in the past two years, many companies have encountered difficulties in their operations. Many companies have no collateral to obtain loans from banks.

At present, we have increased the issuance of credit loans to these enterprises, and used big data to obtain a lot of customer invoice and tax information.

According to the amount of tax paid, after calculating the amount of the loan, he can directly provide him with a credit-type loan.

  "Emergency disease requires urgent treatment."

After systematic "treatment", at the beginning of this month, Taisheng's production has resumed, and the orders can be delivered on time, meet the standards, and successfully leave the cabin.

Also in the same batch are another 21 enterprises in Yichang City.

In my country, small and medium-sized enterprises like Taisheng have created nearly 90% of jobs, and income stability is undoubtedly the biggest driving force for boosting consumption and economic growth.

Since the beginning of this year, the state has intensively launched many rescue policies to help enterprises. How to make these policies fall on front-line entities faster and more accurately, and become a real "timely rain"?

Obviously, this is the question that most local governments are facing, and the most sincere question.

  In difficult circumstances, confidence is gold. It is easy for people to reach a consensus, but confidence cannot depend only on slogans, but also on policies.

And after the conventional policy, there must be new incremental policies, so that large and small enterprises can survive first, and then live better.

We must not only prepare for a long period of calm after the epidemic situation is cleared, but also prepare for the challenge of clearing the epidemic here and the possibility of a resurgence of the epidemic in other places.

In the face of the worst situation, we must also have policy reserves and go in a better direction, so that people will have more confidence.

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