my country's spring ploughing and spring planting are progressing smoothly, and 85% of the intended area for spring planting of grain has been completed
Lixia Xiaoman is planting seedlings.
Against the background of increasing risks and challenges and the sharp fluctuations in the global grain and other commodity markets, it is extremely important to stabilize the grain "ballast stone". Spring planting is a critical period for agricultural production throughout the year.
The reporter investigated in Liaoning, Heilongjiang, Hunan and other places and learned that all parts of the country coordinated epidemic prevention and control and agricultural production, seized the opportunity to launch spring plowing and spring sowing, and sowed the seeds of hope on the vibrant fields.
"Snatch It Out" Spring Sowing
"I'm afraid of missing the farming season, and I've been working overtime these days." On the 16th, in Magang Village, Magang Street, Shenbei New District, Shenyang City, Liaoning Province, two planters went back and forth in the field with the sound of roars. shuttle.
Wen Haibin, general manager of Haicheng Green World Agricultural Technology Service Development Co., Ltd., stood by the field ridge, pacing to measure the row distance, and instructing the steering of the agricultural machinery.
Wen Haibin said that due to the impact of the epidemic this year, it is inconvenient to move across regions. His agricultural social service enterprise has changed the previous method of spreading out multiple sites and planting seeds at the same time, concentrating manpower and rushing seeds one by one, trying to solve the spring sowing problem of isolated farmers.
"Since this year, various localities have overcome difficulties such as the spread of the domestic epidemic and the continuous increase in the price of agricultural materials, and promoted the orderly development of spring sowing. Coupled with the appropriate soil moisture and sufficient light and temperature in most areas, spring plowing and spring sowing have progressed relatively smoothly." Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs The person in charge said.
According to the agricultural situation dispatch of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs, as of May 18, 85% of the intended area for spring planting of grains had been completed, up 2.3 percentage points year-on-year.
In terms of crops, the planting of early rice has ended, the planting of spring corn and spring wheat is nearing completion, the planting of soybeans is over 80%, and the planting of middle rice is 55%.
In terms of different regions, spring sowing has ended in South China, over 80% in Northeast, Southwest, and the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, and nearly 80% in Huanghuai in North China.
Green and efficient spring ploughing production
Right now, in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River, rice has entered the peak tillering period.
In the past two days, in Sanshi Town, Pingjiang County, Yueyang City, Hunan Province, She Zhijun controlled the newly purchased 4-rotor remote-controlled plant protection aircraft to spray pesticides on the seedlings.
The atomized medicine is evenly spread on the crops, and the whole process is fast and efficient.
33-year-old She Zhijun graduated from Hunan Agricultural University. In 2021, he decided to return to his hometown to farm in response to the policy of benefiting farmers. He has transferred 1,500 mu of farmland, most of which are used to grow double-cropping rice.
Green and efficient production is the characteristic of spring farming in many areas this year.
In a paddy field in the Qixing branch of Heilongjiang Beidahuang Agricultural Co., Ltd., a rice transplanter equipped with the Beidou navigation and driving system is operating autonomously.
The grower Song Chun transports the seedlings to the rice transplanter, and the rice transplanter will carry out the precise rice transplanting operation according to the preset trajectory.
"In the past, rice transplanting required a driver and a setter, but now only the setter is needed, which not only reduces labor but also improves efficiency." Song Chun said that due to the improved efficiency, rice transplanting was completed two days earlier than in previous years this year.
Coordinate epidemic prevention and control and spring ploughing production, and give full play to the role of policies and funds such as incentives for large grain (oil)-producing counties, subsidies for arable land rotation, subsidies for agricultural socialized services, and green, high-quality and efficient actions to guide farmers to rationally arrange planting structures.
For farmers who have difficulty in planting due to the closure and control of the epidemic, relevant departments and localities have done everything possible to help plant the land and lay the foundation for a bumper harvest by promoting new types of agricultural business entities to plant instead of planting, and social service organizations to assist in planting and planting.
Light up the hope of a good harvest
Although the national spring ploughing and spring sowing production task is coming to an end, efforts are still needed to ensure the full implementation of the spring sowing area.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that they will continue to guide all localities to seize favorable weather, give full play to the role of agricultural machinery, and speed up the progress of sowing.
The person in charge said that it is necessary to pay close attention to weather changes, prepare material reserves and technical preparations in advance for possible local droughts and floods, and improve the quality of sowing.
At present, not only the spring ploughing and spring sowing has entered the final stage, but also the important season when the grains of the summer crops begin to be full and mature.
At this time, there are less than two weeks before the large-scale harvest of summer grains, and the risks of dry and hot wind, lodging, diseases and insect pests still exist on wheat.
"Winter wheat accounts for nearly 30% of Xinjiang's total grain output and more than 60% of rations. Affected by unfavorable factors such as the late sowing date of winter wheat in 2021, high winter temperatures, and less snowfall, Xinjiang's winter wheat in 2022 will be weaker than last year. "The relevant person in charge of the Planting Management Office of the Agriculture and Rural Department of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region said that the management measures for winter wheat will be implemented to ensure stable and increased winter wheat production.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs said that the current epidemic prevention and control situation is severe and complicated, and all localities must open up the blocking points in time, make every effort to ensure the smooth development of wheat harvesting, and pay close attention to the work of fine summer harvesting, summer planting, and summer management to ensure the return of summer grain particles. warehouses to consolidate the foundation of grain production throughout the year.
Xinhua News Agency reporter
(According to Xinhua News Agency, Beijing, May 21)Keywords: