China News Service, Beijing, May 16 (Reporter Ruan Yulin) The Ministry of Ecology and Environment of China, the Supreme People's Court and other 14 departments issued the "Regulations on the Administration of Compensation for Ecological Environmental Damage", requiring that units or individuals that violated state regulations and caused damage to the ecological environment should According to the requirements and scope stipulated by the state, bear the responsibility for compensation for ecological environment damage, and make all the necessary compensation.
When interpreting the document on the 16th, the relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment stated that the ecological environment damage compensation system is based on the basic principle of "environmental value and responsibility for damage", and the timely restoration of the damaged ecological environment is the focus. It is an effective means to effectively protect the people's environmental rights and interests.
In 2015, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the Pilot Plan for the Reform of the Compensation System for Ecological Environmental Damage, and carried out the pilot program in seven provinces and cities including Jilin.
After two years of pilot exploration, in 2017, the General Office of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China and the General Office of the State Council issued the "Eco-environmental Damage Compensation System Reform Plan" proposing that from January 1, 2018, the ecological and environmental damage compensation system will be piloted nationwide.
The promulgation of this plan marks that the reform of the ecological environment damage compensation system has entered the national trial stage from the first pilot.
Since the pilot and full-scale implementation of the reform, the Ministry of Ecology and Environment has actively promoted it in conjunction with relevant departments, and organized implementation in various localities. A nationwide compensation system for ecological and environmental damage has been preliminarily established, and the phased goals have been fully achieved.
As of November 2021, more than 7,600 compensation cases have been handled nationwide, involving more than 9 billion yuan in compensation.
According to the requirements, the damage to the ecological environment can be divided into two situations: repairable and irreparable.
For those that can be repaired, they shall be restored to the baseline level before the damage to the ecological environment or to an acceptable level of ecological environmental risk; for those that cannot be repaired, the obligator of compensation shall compensate for the relevant losses and the relevant expenses within the scope of compensation for the damage to the ecological environment in accordance with the law, or Under the premise of complying with relevant regulations, policies and plans for ecological environment restoration, carry out alternative restoration to achieve equal restoration of the ecological environment and its service functions.
The relevant person in charge of the Ministry of Ecology and Environment said that the "Regulations" strengthened the implementation of local party and government responsibilities, clarified the leading departments and work linkages, and standardized the compensation work procedures, which will help promote the ecological environment damage compensation work on the track of the rule of law. Realize normalization, standardization, and scientificization, and promote the comprehensive implementation of the ecological environment damage compensation system.